Ahmedabad is divided by the Sabarmati river into two physically distinct eastern and western regions, is the Indian western city and largest city of Gujarat, and is popular tourist destination for Gandhi Ashram at Sabarmati on the west bank. As per the estimates of UN World Population Prospects, Ahmedabad population in 2020 is 7.8 million, and its area is 1,866 sq km. According to 2011 census, Ahmedabad's sex ratio in 2011 was 897 women per 1000 men and literacy rate of 89.62% out of these 93.96% were men and 84.81% of women were literate. Ahmedabad is also known as "Karnavati" the older name, also called "Amdavad " in Gujarat and local people were identified as "Ahmedabadi", "Amdavadi". Cricket is a popular sport in Ahmedabad, Sardar Patel Stadium which is reconstructed known as Motera Stadium with a seating capacity of 110,000 seats, and previously it houses the 54,000 seats which was constructed in 1983. Oldest lake is Kankaria Lake which is 550 years built by Qutbuddin in the 15th century.Ahmedabad city UN Urban Agglomeration Population Prospects - 1950 to 1935
Ahmedabad Size and Population
|Ahmedabad City(2011)||Ahmedabad UA(2020)|
|Population||5.6 million||7.8 million|
|Area||464 sq km||1,866 sq km|
|Rank||5 (India)||45 (World)|
Religion wise Ahmedabad Population
As per the census 2011, Hindu population is 83%, Muslim population is 13.8%, and 2.5% Jain and 0.72% follows Christianity.
Source: 2011 Census: Language and Mother Tongue
Languages spoken in Ahmedabad
Gujarati is the official language and widely spoken language in Ahmedabad, people usually understand and speak Hindi and English.
Ahmedabad Population age wise
According the 2011 population pyramid of Ahmedabad, 20 - 29 age group is more stable, followed by 30 -39 age group is stable, thereby it declines and narrows downs for every 5 years. The people with above 80 years, 27,991 are women and 22, 435 are male. The life expectancy of women is greater than men.
In between 11th to 14th Century, the area of Ahmedabad was ruled by Bhil King was also known as Ashapalli or Ashaval.
Later Solanki ruler established his kingdom after defeating the Bhil King till 13th century and fell into hands of Vaghela dynasty of Dhokla. By the end of Thirteen century the Gujarat was captured by Sultanate of Delhi. During 1411, Sultan Ahmed Shah of Muzaffarid dynasty established his capital and included Ashapalli and forest region and named it to Ahmedabad and the city construction was completed by 1417. In 1573 Gujarat was conquered by Mughal emperor Akbar and there was a rise in businesses around Ahmedabad and became major trading center during this period, The textiles was exported to Middle East and Europe. By 1630 the Marathas gained the city by conquering and marking the end of Mughal empire and new regime was started. In 1818 the Britishers of the East India Company entered and took over Marathas. Ahmedabad was the one of the largest city in India in terms of population and area wise before the arrival of the British.
The Indian Independence Movement in Ahmedabad made a major foundation in the city, Gokhale went to South Africa for couple of occasions during Indian freedom struggle, also played important roles, In 1910, Gokhale proposed the Natal Indentured Labour Bill (Kwazulu Natal in South Africa), which helped Gandhi legal framework for struggle in South Africa. Gokale prepared Gandhi for Indian mission. Gokale felt Gandhi's presence is important for Indian Independence movement, In 1901 at Congress meeting in Calcutta, Gopala Krishna Gokhale asked Gandhi for the first time to return from South Africa and join the freedom movement. He also wrote many recommendation letters for Gandhi to senior lawyers in Bombay to secure a bar practice for him. In 1915 Mahatma Ghandi came back to India, Gandhi decided to establish the Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad, for which Gokhale arranged funds. Gokhale also financed his one year trip around India so that he could meet various organisations and to discover the country. Thereafter he moved to the Sabarmati Ashram, also used to call as Satyagraha Ashram in 1917, It became the heartbeat of the national freedom movement and the platform for many inspiring revolutionaries and teachers. In 1930 Gandhi vowed to never come back to Sabarmati Ashram till the country gets freedom from the British oppression. He demonstrated historic satyagraha, walked on foot from the ashram to Dandi on the Salt March, Thousands of Ahmedabadis joined peaceful protests led by Gandhi and once again showed their solidarity in 1942 during the Quit India Movement.
By 1960, Ahmedabad had become a metropolis with a population of slightly under half a million people, In the same year Gujarat state was separated from the State of Bombay and Ahmedabad was named the new capital of Gujarat state and later the capital was shifted to Gandhinagar. In 1970 Ahmedabad city was flooded by the Sabarmati River damaging the houses and properties.