World Population > U.S > Tennessee

Memphis Population

650,128

Memphis is a city on the Mississippi River in southwest Tennessee. Memphis population in 2020 is estimated to be 650,128, It has a covered area of 304.62 sq. mi (788.97 sq.km). Memphis is named for its Egyptian sister on the Nile, the location has been a natural location for human settlement by varying cultures over thousands of years due to the presence of Mississippi River Valley and its tributaries. Memphis's central location has helped make it one of the largest distribution centres in the United States. the city experienced even faster growth into the 20th century as it became among the largest world markets for cotton. Memphis is the largest spot cotton market in the world, with nearly half of the U.S. cotton crop going through Memphis. The city of Memphis was founded on May 22, 1819, by John Overton, James Winchester and Andrew Jackson. They named it after the ancient capital of Egypt on the Nile River. The city serves an agricultural area noted for livestock, cotton, soybeans, corn (maize), feed grains, and forest products and has agricultural research and food processing industries. Memphis is a regional center for commerce, education, media, art, and entertainment. Known worldwide as the Home of the Blues & Birthplace of Rock n Roll - not to mention gospel, jazz, R&B, rap and soul. Close to 20 percent of the earliest inductees (24 of the 97) in the Rock n Roll Hall of Fame have come from within a 100-mile radius of Memphis. Sun Studio, birthplace of Rock 'n' Roll, is located at 706 Union Avenue, just outside of downtown Memphis. The Memphis Zoo was founded in 1905 when Natch, a black bear mascot for a Memphis baseball team, was kept chained to a tree in Overton Park. Memphis was founded in 1819 on land previously inhabited by Chickasaw Indians. Andrew Jackson, later U.S. president, was one of its founders. Memphis was named for the ancient Egyptian city meaning Place of Good Abode.

YearPopulationChange %
2010652,309
2011655,5900.50
2012659,0890.53
2013657,877-0.18
2014655,936-0.30
2015654,876-0.16
2016653,184-0.26
2017651,562-0.25
2018650,618-0.14
2019650,7140.01
2020 *650,128-0.09 *
Source : Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019

Memphis city UN Urban Agglomeration Population Prospects - 1950 to 1935
YearMemphis Population
1950409,015
1955459,943
1960532,612
1965592,395
1970654,160
1975708,881
1980765,624
1985795,680
1990821,278
1995884,675
2000960,179
20051,008,545
20101,053,188
20111,062,354
20151,099,820
2020*1,143,920
2025*1,179,100
2035*1,284,621
Source: population.un.org/wpp/, 1950 to 1935 Memphis city Population(UA)

Memphis History

The Chickasaw Indian tribe believed to the descendants of the Memphis site and later inhabited the site. Memphis was founded in 1819 by John Overton, Andrew Jackson and James Winchester. Prior to its official founding, the Bluffs of Memphis were occupied by a succession of Native Americans, traders and forts. It is situated on the edge of the widest part of the Mississippi River. The city demographics changed dramatically in the 1850s and 1860s under waves of immigration and domestic migration. Due to increased immigration since the 1840s and the Great Famine, ethnic Irish made up 9.9% of the population in 1850, but 23.2% in 1860, when the total population was 22,623. The city went bankrupt, declined in population, and in 1879 surrendered its charter. Their population fell to about 15,000 by 1870, 37.4% of the total population of 40,226. By 1870, Memphis's population of 40,000 was almost double that of Nashville and Atlanta, and it was the second-largest city in the South after New Orleans. Its population continued to grow after 1870, even when the Panic of 1873 hit the US hard, particularly in the South. German immigrants also made this city a destination after the 1848 revolutions; both the Irish and German immigrants were mostly Catholic, adding another element to demographic change in this formerly Protestant city, from 1900 to 1950 the city increased nearly fourfold in population, from 102,350 to 396,000 residents. In 1970, the Census Bureau reported Memphis's population as 60.8% white and 38.9% black accounting to 623,988 people. Sub-urbanization was attracting wealthier residents to newer housing outside the city. By 1980 the population reached 3.6% growth with the total population of Memphis is 646,174. Then the population started declining there by 5.5% to 610,337 and then increased to 650,000 by 2000.

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