Moscow is the capital and most populous city of Russia and twenty-fourth largest city in the world, and is located in western part of Russia about 640 km south-east of St.Petersburg and 480 km east of Belarus. The city stands on the Moskva River in Central Russia. Moscow population in 2020 is 12.8 million and area is 2,511 sq.km (970 sq. mi). Originally it was established as small town in the year 1147, Today Moscow is the political centre and most populous city of Russia due to its industrial and cultural capital. Moscow city is one of the most expensive cities in the world, largest urban economies and is also one of the fastest growing tourist destinations in the world, the people of Moscow are known as Muscovites. Moscow is highly centralised both in spatial and economic terms. Moskva River forms a natural boundary and also provides great views and endless riverside attractions. The city of Moscow is the largest urban agglomeration and experienced a rapid population growth during the last seventy years, the population of Moscow has been doubled in these years, whilst most affordable housing is available in the suburbs than expensive in the city limits, there is a huge traffic of inflow and outflow out if which the population growth in Moscow has put enormous pressure on the city's transport networks and roads.
With the Moscow's metropolitan area consideration, the population exceeds more than 20 million people. The city borders expand upto 30 to 60 kilometers surrounding Moscow to the border areas of Tver, Yaroslavl, Vladimir, Smolensk, Tula and Kaluga.
|Moscow City||Greater Moscow|
|Population||12.5 million||20 million|
|Area||2,511 sq.km||26,000 sq.km|
|Rank||1 (Russia)||11 (World)|
Many of the Moscow neighbourhoods within the city are separated by Moskva River,
The federal city of Moscow is divided into twelve administrative okrugs, which are in turn subdivided into districts called raions.
In 1917 Moscow was divided into 8 districts and by 1969 Moscow was divided into 30 districts.
The city of Moscow lies within around the Kremlin building forms the city centre itself, the Red Square is surrounded by iconic Russian structures. The districts are under the central administrative krug with 782,048 and respective jurisdictions are Arabat district population is 36,125, Basmanny with 1,10,694, Zamoskvorechye with 59,105, Krasnoselsky with 48,697, Meshchansky with 61,213, Presnensky with 1,28,062, Tagansky with 1,23,398, Tverskoy with 77,864, Khamovniki with 1,09,218 and Yakimanka with 27,672.
Other Administrative districts population or Okrugs population in 2019 include Northern Okrug with 1,185,416, North-Eastern Okrug with 1,431,976, Eastern Okrug with 1,523,420, South-Eastern Okrug with 1,418,430, Southern Okrug with 1,793,456, South-Western Okrug with 1,445,006, Western Okrug with 1,392,993, North-Western Okrug with 1,008,968, Zelenogradsky Okrug with 246,535, Novomoskovsky Okrug with 113,569 and Troitsky Okrug with 86,752. The popular neighbourhoods of Moscow are Arbat, Tverskoy, Barrikadnaya, Khamovniki, Chistye, Zamoskvorechie and Zayauzie. The Tverskoy district is particularly famous in Russian history, Tverskoy is full of architecture and historic buildings, Constructed in 1629, the Church of the Resurrection, and many parks that line the Tverskaya Ulitsa itself. Tverskoy district is Central Administrative Okrug of the federal city of Moscow with population of 77,864 in 2019. Arbat is located with in central administrative district is the ideal place in the pedestrian street where one can find plenty of street performers including souvenir shops, cafes and painting. Zamoskvorechye district has orchestral and choral performances at the Moscow International House of Music.
Moscow Size and Population
Moscow was the small town in 1147, In 1367,Moscow Kremlin founded. In 1272, Daniil Aleksandrovich was the youngest son of Alexander Nevsky, has become Grand prince of Moscow. Yuriy Danilovich was the Prince of Moscow from 1303–1325 and later Ivan I Daniilovich Kalita was in 1328 and Simeon Ivanovich Gordiy was Prince of Moscow in 1341. Vasily Vasiliyevich was the Grand Prince of Moscow whose long reign between 1425 and 1462. In 1712, Russian capital relocated from Moscow to Saint Petersburg and moved back the capital to Moscow in 1728. In 1555, The Muscovy Company was an English trading company was established. The Muscovy Company had a monopoly on trade between England and Muscovy until 1698 and it survived as a trading company until the Russian Revolution of 1917. Much of Moscow was reconstructed after it was occupied by the French under Napoleon I in 1812 and the city was entirely destroyed by fire. In the year 1816, Kremlin was rebuilt. As throughout its history, the Kremlin remains the heart of the city. It is the symbol of both Russian and Soviet power, Moscow city has served as the official residence of the president of the Russian Federation since 1991.