Surat is the western city of state Gujarat, India, known for the popularity of diamonds and Textile industry, . Its eight largest city in India popularly called Silk city of India. Surat is a port city situated on the banks of the Tapi river and one of the fastest growing city in India. Surat is also a major hub of diamond cutting and polishing from British East India era. Sura has oldest railway line built by British in 1860. Till 1500 Surat is called as Surajpur. The major spoken language is Gujarati, there are many business people trading in Surat due to huge commercial textile industry and they speak Sindi, Hindi, Marathi. Surat has earned reputation of one of the best cities in India, and its cleanest city maintained by Surat Municipal corporation. The Surat city covers around 326 sq km, and the population density is 14,000 people per sq km which is highly densely populated. By 1950 Surat registered 233,565 inhabitants living in Surat area. The population of Surat doubled between 1970 to 1980 from 456,749 to 836,125, this may be due to many immigrants from neighbouring states and other districts of Gujarat. The Surat population is recorded million plus population in 1985 and in the span of 12 years the Surat population is doubled to 2 Million. The City reached above 3 Million by 2005 and by 2010 the population is 4 Million. and by the year 2015 Surat population is 5 Million.Surat city UN Urban Agglomeration Population Prospects - 1950 to 1935
Below is the disability population stats of Surat population with difficulty in Speech, Seeing, Hearing, Mental Retardation and Illness and Physical disability in movement. According to 2011 census, The pyramid chart shows a steady population from 0 to 19 years.
|Type of disability||Total Persons||Males||Females|
|Total disabled population||55,055||31,813||23,242|
Surat Population age wise
The population pyramid of Surat shows age-wise population. The pyramid chart shows stable from 0 to 4 years, and 5 to 19 years. The male population shows higher than the female population. The age group from 20 to 39 shows improved, and female population ratio is lower than the male population. From 30 age group onwards the population is narrowing till above 80 years.
Surat has early Gujarati settlers during 3 BC. The city has developed from 14th century onwards. Surat located close to Tapi River and has a 6 km coastal belt in the Arabian Sea, due to this, the city emerged as an hub for trading from 16th century onwards. After the rise of Bombay port, Surat has suffered in declining trading operations but improved in industrial activities mostly in textiles.
Timeline events of Surat are, In 1612 British established the Kothi center for trade and commerce, Shivaji invaded Surat in 1664, In 1850 The Government introduced an act for the Surat city development, the administration was organised to open a municipal department, on the request of the citizens the government appointed a committee called Municipal Committee, which consisted of its officers and the citizens to run the said department as per the framed rules, and thus a provision was made in the act to administer the city municipality and by 1852 municipality of Surat came into existence and registration of deaths and births was introduced in 1871 and election procedure was introduced for the first time in municipality with 12 ward members. Water supply began through municipal water works in 1898. In 1920 free and compulsory education was introduced. Gandhiji was awarded letter of Honour in 1921 and Vallabhbhai Patel was awarded a letter of Honour in 1925, celebrated as "Sardar" after Bardoli Satyagrah in 1928. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel unveiled the Oil painting of Gandhiji in the Municipal Hall on 6th January 1939. The municipality was resolved that as long as the British is not prepared to make India free and continue its policy of repression the Municipal function be stopped in 1944 and re-established in 1946.