Himachal Pradesh PopulationHimachal Pradesh is the northern state of India located in the himalayan region, borders union territory of Jammu and Kashmir to the north, Uttarakhand to the south east, Punjab in the west, Haryana to the south west. Himachal Pradesh population in 2020 is projected to be 7.4 Million (74 Lakhs), According to Unique Identification Authority of India, updated dec 2019, by end of year 2019 the estimated population is 7,384,022. Tourism is one of the major economy sector of Himachal Pradesh, coupled with the skyscraping Himalayan Mountains, beauty has naturally flourished here, attracting mountain lovers from all over the world. As per Niti Aayog 2016 report, Total Fertility Rate is 1.7 lesser than India's average TFR of 2.3.
Image Source:People pull the chariots of Lord Raghunath Ji during Kullu Dushehra, in Kullu, Himachal Pradesh
The first census was taken in the year of 1901 by the British India with registred population of 1.9 million. By 1951 the population is 2.38 million, with in a decade by 1961 the population growth percentage is 17.87, from 1961-1971 and 1971-1981, the growth percentage is 23%, there is a decrease in growth percentage to 20% from 1981-1991. The total population growth in this decade from 2001-2011 was 12.94 percent while in previous decade it was 17.54 percent. The population of Himachal Pradesh forms 0.57 percent of India in 2011.
Himachal Pradesh Population by Religion
Religion wise Himachal Pradesh population, Hinudism is the major religion with 95% are Hindu, followed by 2% by Muslim population. All other regligions like Christianity, Buddhist, Sikh and Jain are below 1%.
|Tribes||Population as per Census 2011|
|All Scheduled Tribes||392,126|
|Jad, Lamba, Khampa||1,974|
|Domba, Gara, Zoba||231|
|Generic Tribes etc.||10,755|
Languages spoken in Himachal Pradesh
Hindi is the most widely spoken language in Himachal Pradesh with 85% of population, followed by Punjabi with 9%, Nepali and Kinnauri are 1.3% and 1.2%, other popular languages are Kashmiri with 0.83%, Dogri with 0.34%, and Tibetan with 0.31%.
|Type of disability||Total Persons||Cultivators||Agriculture labor||HHI||Other workers|
|Total disabled population||68,917||41,460||3,955||1,281||22,221|
Himachal Pradesh state economy depends on agriculture, horticulture and tourism. About 90% of Himachal pradesh population depends on agriculture, Apple is the principal crop of almost 7 districts like Shimla, Kulu, Chamba, Mandi, Kinnaur, Sirmaur and Lahaul-Spiti. These districts roughly produce 7 to 8 lakh tonnes(800,000 tonnes) of apples a year. Himachal Pradesh has been the best agro climatic conditions due to this, a large number of agriculture and horticulture commodities like fruits, vegetables, flowers, medicinal plants and tea are grown here.
District wise population in Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh is divided into 12 districts, Lahaul and Spiti is the largest district with an area of 13,835 sq km and Hamirpur is the smallest district with 1,118 sq km. District population wise Kangra is the largest district with the population of 1,691,284 and smallest being Lahul & Spiti with 35,352. Below is the Himachal Pradesh district wise population as per Census 2011 and 2020 projection.
|Lahul & Spiti||35,983||31,564||0.46|