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Himachal Pradesh Population

Himachal Pradesh is the northern state of India located in the himalayan region, borders union territory of Jammu and Kashmir to the north, Uttarakhand to the south east, Punjab in the west, Haryana to the south west. Himachal Pradesh population in 2020 is projected to be 7.4 Million (74 Lakhs), According to Unique Identification Authority of India, updated dec 2019, by end of year 2019 the estimated population is 7,384,022. Tourism is one of the major economy sector of Himachal Pradesh, coupled with the skyscraping Himalayan Mountains, beauty has naturally flourished here, attracting mountain lovers from all over the world. As per Niti Aayog 2016 report, Total Fertility Rate is 1.7 lesser than India's average TFR of 2.3.
Himachal Pradesh Population in Kullu
Image Source:People pull the chariots of Lord Raghunath Ji during Kullu Dushehra, in Kullu, Himachal Pradesh

The first census was taken in the year of 1901 by the British India with registred population of 1.9 million. By 1951 the population is 2.38 million, with in a decade by 1961 the population growth percentage is 17.87, from 1961-1971 and 1971-1981, the growth percentage is 23%, there is a decrease in growth percentage to 20% from 1981-1991. The total population growth in this decade from 2001-2011 was 12.94 percent while in previous decade it was 17.54 percent. The population of Himachal Pradesh forms 0.57 percent of India in 2011.

Census yearPersonsAbsolutePercentageMalesFemales
19011,920,294--1,019,069901,225
19111,896,944-23,350-1.221,004,183892,761
19211,928,20631,2621.651,020,201908,005
19312,029,113100,9075.231,069,540959,573
19412,263,245234,13211.541,197,6201,065,625
19512,385,981122,7365.421,247,8261,138,155
19612,812,463426,48217.871,451,3341,361,129
19713,460,434647,97123.041,766,9571,693,477
19814,280,818820,38423.712,169,9312,110,887
19915,170,877890,05920.792,617,4672,553,410
20016,077,900907,02317.543,087,9402,989,960
20116,864,602786,70212.943,481,8733,382,729
Source: A-2 Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901


Population Pyramid

Source: 2011 Census: Population In Five Year Age-Group


Himachal Pradesh Population by Religion

Religion wise Himachal Pradesh population, Hinudism is the major religion with 95% are Hindu, followed by 2% by Muslim population. All other regligions like Christianity, Buddhist, Sikh and Jain are below 1%.

ReligionPersonsPercentageMalesFemales
Hindu6,532,76595.173,306,9953,225,770
Muslim149,8812.1880,76369,118
Christian12,6460.186,8445,802
Sikh79,8961.1641,49438,402
Buddhist78,6591.1540,23338,426
Jain1,8050.03945860
Others8560.01461395
Not Stated8,0940.124,1383,956
Source: Details of Religion In Main Table C-1- 2011 (India & States/UTs)


Ethnic groups

TribesPopulation as per Census 2011
All Scheduled Tribes392,126
Bhot, Bodh27,191
Gaddi 178,130
Gujjar92,547
Jad, Lamba, Khampa1,974
Kanaura, Kinnara50,994
Lahaula2,886
Pangwala17,562
Swangla9,630
Beta, Beda226
Domba, Gara, Zoba231
Generic Tribes etc.10,755


Languages spoken in Himachal Pradesh

Hindi is the most widely spoken language in Himachal Pradesh with 85% of population, followed by Punjabi with 9%, Nepali and Kinnauri are 1.3% and 1.2%, other popular languages are Kashmiri with 0.83%, Dogri with 0.34%, and Tibetan with 0.31%.

LanguagesPersonsPercentageRuralUrban
Hindi5,895,52985.88305,326,104569,425
Punjabi615,0228.9593545,59869,424
Nepali89,5081.303976,37113,137
Kinnauri82,7121.204979,7732,939
Kashmiri57,0500.831154,3782,672
Dogri23,6090.343921,8531,756
Tibetan21,3220.31069,77211,550
Lahauli11,0730.16137,8913,182
Gujarati10,0120.14589,208804
Bengali6,2140.09054,0832,131
Urdu5,3200.07753,7451,575
Maithili4,7230.06883,1131,610
Khandeshi3,4980.05103,48414
Marathi3,4380.05012,2101,228
Odia3,2190.04691,6931,526
Kurukh/Oraon2,2770.03321,828449
Bhotia2,0120.02931,718294
Source: 2011 Census: Language and Mother Tongue


Disability

Type of disabilityTotal PersonsCultivatorsAgriculture laborHHIOther workers
Total disabled population68,91741,4603,9551,28122,221
In Seeing12,0607,9065812393,334
In Hearing13,6498,3887922694,200
In Speech3,9762,464251641,197
In Movement14,5357,8256782915,741
Mental Retardation2,8331,94121646630
Mental Illness1,5941,08810021385
Any Other16,0748,9921,0572885,737
Multiple disability4,1962,85628063997
Source: 2011 Census: Distribution of Disabled(India & States/UTs)


Income Distribution

Himachal Pradesh state economy depends on agriculture, horticulture and tourism. About 90% of Himachal pradesh population depends on agriculture, Apple is the principal crop of almost 7 districts like Shimla, Kulu, Chamba, Mandi, Kinnaur, Sirmaur and Lahaul-Spiti. These districts roughly produce 7 to 8 lakh tonnes(800,000 tonnes) of apples a year. Himachal Pradesh has been the best agro climatic conditions due to this, a large number of agriculture and horticulture commodities like fruits, vegetables, flowers, medicinal plants and tea are grown here.


District wise population in Himachal Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh is divided into 12 districts, Lahaul and Spiti is the largest district with an area of 13,835 sq km and Hamirpur is the smallest district with 1,118 sq km. District population wise Kangra is the largest district with the population of 1,691,284 and smallest being Lahul & Spiti with 35,352. Below is the Himachal Pradesh district wise population as per Census 2011 and 2020 projection.

DistrictPopulation(2020 est.)Population(2011)Percentage
Chamba591,751519,0807.56
Kangra1,721,4861,510,07522.00
Lahul & Spiti35,98331,5640.46
Kullu499,209437,9036.38
Mandi1,139,746999,77714.56
Hamirpur518,436454,7686.62
Una594,137521,1737.59
Bilaspur435,430381,9565.56
Solan661,565580,3208.45
Sirmaur604,035529,8557.72
Shimla927,971814,01011.86
Kinnaur95,89884,1211.23
Source: 2011 Census: Population Data on District/Sub-Dist Level

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References

1. http://censusindia.gov.in/
2. https://uidai.gov.in/images/state-wise-aadhaar-saturation.pdf
3. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/sp.dyn.cdrt.in

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