World Population > India Population

Jammu and Kashmir Population

Jammu and Kashmir is located in Himalayan region in the north of India. The Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir is bounded by China in the north and east, Afghanistan in the north-west and Pakistan in the west and south, Punjab in the west and Himachal Pradesh in the south. Jammu is the winter capital and Srinagar in summer. It is believed Raja Jamboo Lochan founded the city in the BC era and his name "Jamboo" became "Jammu" as the time was passed. Jammu and Kashmir is on 19th rank with more than 14 million(est) for the state population rank in India.
Jammu Kashmir Population

As per the census registered in 1901 there were 2,139,362 people living in Jammu & Kashmir. Upto 1961 the growth rate was recorded between 5 .75 aand 10.42 with of 3.5 million population by 1961. The growth rate was rapidly increased to 29.69% from 1961 to 1971 making about 300% rise and maintained around 30% from 1971 till 2001. From 2001 the population started declining with the growth rate of 23.64% reaching the population to 12.5 million till the last census in 2011. Region wise Kashmir has the highest population, followed by Jammu and Ladakh.

Census yearPersonsAbsolutePercentageMalesFemales
19012,139,362- -1,136,7661,002,596
19112,292,535153,1737.161,222,3051,070,230
19212,424,359131,8245.751,296,2051,128,154
19312,670,208245,84910.141,431,8011,238,407
19412,946,728276,52010.361,577,0211,369,707
19513,253,852307,12410.421,736,8271,517,025
19613,560,976307,1249.441,896,6331,664,343
19714,616,6321,055,65629.652,458,3152,158,317
19815,987,3891,370,75729.693,164,6602,822,729
1991 +7,837,0511,849,66230.894,142,0823,694,969
200110,143,7002,306,64929.435,360,9264,782,774
201112,541,3022,397,60223.646,640,6625,900,640


Religions

Religion is an important feature of a population as all religions have left an imprint on the culture, literature, art, food habits and politics.Followers of almost all the important religions Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, Jainism and Christianity with their various denominations live there. According to the 2011 census, Islam is followed by about 68.3%, 28.4% follow Hinduism, Sikhism (1.9%), Buddhism (0.9%) and Christianity (0.3%).

Hindu
Muslim
Christian
Sikh
Buddhist
Jain
ReligionPersonsPercentageMalesFemales
Hindu356667428.4419870211579653
Muslim856748568.3144287744138711
Christian356310.282152314108
Sikh2348481.87132897101951
Buddhist1125840.905644256142
Jain24900.0213101180
Others15080.01802706
Not Stated200820.16118938189


Ethnic groups

The major ethnic groups living in Jammu and Kashmir are Kashmiri, Gujjar, Pahari, Dogra and Ladakhi.


Languages

The Languages are Urdu, Dogri, Kashmiri, Pahari, Ladakhi, Balti, Gojri and Dari.

LanguagesPersonsPercentageRuralUrban
Kashmiri6,680,83753.27074,541,0732,139,764
Hindi2,612,63120.83222,260,826351,805
Dogri2,513,71220.04351,860,897652,815
Punjabi219,1931.747892,595126,598
Bhotia107,4510.856883,55923,892
Tibetan100,4990.801384,33416,165
Khandeshi34,8620.278032,9481,914
Shina32,0270.255430,5521,475
Marathi23,0060.18348,18314,823
Nepali22,1380.176516,3195,819
Urdu19,9560.15918,60911,347
Bengali19,8300.15816,98412,846
Gujarati19,2610.15369,4269,835
Tamil14,7280.11744,53210,196
Telugu13,9700.11144,1979,773
Balti12,3990.098910,9441,455
Malayalam11,2480.08973,7327,516
Odia9,5530.07622,6416,912
Assamese8,3400.06652,5545,786
Ladakhi7,6380.06094,7392,899
Kannada6,9530.05542,3754,578
Lahnda6,1020.04872,1123,990
Manipuri2,3700.01891,1541,216


Disability Population in Jammu and Kashmir

Census 2011 reveals that 121,532 people are suffering with various disability problems, Around 50% disbality are with seeing, speech and hearing problems.

Type of disabilityTotal PersonsCultivatorsAgriculture laborHHIOther workers
Total disabled population1215323769619171559759068
In Seeing22281773237289629859
In Hearing2985576483926110117180
In Speech6548232312242622739
In Movement19323644132129208750
Mental Retardation398013827231701705
Mental Illness470816769822571793
Any Other2585671043645148313624
Multiple disability8981339017314423418


Rank of happiness

Jammu and Kashmir has the Human Develop Index of 0.684 which is greater than India's average of 0.640 and higher being Kerala with 0.784.


Income Distribution

Jammu and Kashmir's economy is dependent on agriculture, tourism and manufacturing activities, 45% of GDP from agriculture is contributed by horticulture sector. Horticulture is one of the key contributing industry sector and products like Apples, pears, almonds, walnuts, apricots and cherries are exported from Jammu and Kashmir to different parts of India by yielding turnover of approximately 850 million dollars(6000 crores) by 2015-16 with the production of 1636 thousand metric ton area of 357 thousand hectares. Saffron cultivation is produced in this state which is exported to many countries.Wood from Kashmir is used to make cricket bats traded as "Kashmir willow bats".


Districts

Jammu is the highest populated district with close to 1.7 Million population (est 2019), followed by Srinagar with 1.2 Million, Ananthnag and Baramulla with around 1 Million each.

DistrictPopulation(2019 est.)Population(2011)Percentage
Kupwara974,796870,3546.94
Badgam844,194753,7456.01
Leh(Ladakh)149,505133,4871.06
Kargil157,698140,8021.12
Punch534,055476,8353.80
Rajouri719,505642,4155.12
Kathua690,407616,4354.92
Baramula1,129,0041,008,0398.04
Bandipore439,300392,2323.13
Srinagar1,385,2481,236,8299.86
Ganderbal333,140297,4462.37
Pulwama627,693560,4404.47
Shupiyan298,161266,2152.12
Anantnag1,208,1351,078,6928.60
Kulgam475,421424,4833.38
Doda459,128409,9363.27
Ramban317,759283,7132.26
Kishtwar258,380230,6961.84
Udhampur621,583554,9854.43
Reasi352,427314,6672.51
Jammu1,713,5531,529,95812.20
Samba357,166318,8982.54



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