Jammu and Kashmir PopulationJammu and Kashmir is located in Himalayan region in the north of India. Jammu and Kashmir population in 2020 is estimated to be 13.6 Million (1.3 Crores), According to Unique Identification Aadhar India, updated 31 May 2020, by mid of year 2020 the projected population is 13,606,320. On 5 August 2019, the Government of India scrapped the Article 370 from the Constitution of India and integrated with other states and union territories (Article 370 was created on 26 October 1947, signed by Hari Singh, The last Maharaja of Kashmir) and introduced a bill to divide the state into two Union Territories, Jammu and Kashmir, and Ladakh.
As per the census registered in 1901 there were 2,139,362 people living in Jammu & Kashmir. Upto 1961 the growth rate was recorded between 5 .75 aand 10.42 with of 3.5 million population by 1961. The growth rate was rapidly increased to 29.69% from 1961 to 1971 making about 300% rise and maintained around 30% from 1971 till 2001. From 2001 the population started declining with the growth rate of 23.64% reaching the population to 12.5 million till the last census in 2011. Jammu and Kashmir population in 2020 is estimated to be 13.6 million (1.36 Crores). By end of year 2019 the population is projected to be 13,468,313 as per Unique Identification Aadhar India, updated dec 2019. Region wise Kashmir has the highest population, followed by Jammu and Ladakh.
Jammu and Kashmir population pyramid is a graphical analysis of the age and sex of a population, pyramid with the wider base suggests growing population, with a narrow base indicates declining birth rates.
Jammu and Kashmir Population by Religion
Religion is an important feature of a population as all religions have left an imprint on the culture, literature, art, food habits and politics. Jammu and Kashmir Religion wise, Followers of almost all the important religions Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, Jainism and Christianity with their various denominations live there. According to the 2011 census, Jammu and Kashmir population religion wise, Muslim is followed by about 68.3%, 28.4% follow Hinduism, Sikhism (1.9%), Buddhism (0.9%) and Christianity (0.3%). The largest population religion wise is Muslim population accounts to 8.5 Million, followed by 3.5 Million by Hindus.
|Tribes||Population as per Census 2011|
|All Scheduled Tribes||1,493,299|
|Brokpa, Drokpa, Dard, Shin||48,439|
|Generic Tribes etc.||111,625|
Languages spoken in Jammu and Kashmir
The Languages are Urdu, Dogri, Kashmiri, Pahari, Ladakhi, Balti, Gojri and Dari.
Census 2011 reveals that 121,532 people are suffering with various disability problems, Around 50% disbality are with seeing, speech and hearing problems.
|Type of disability||Total Persons||Cultivators||Agriculture labor||HHI||Other workers|
|Total disabled population||121,532||37,696||19,171||5,597||59,068|
Rank of happiness
Jammu and Kashmir has the Human Develop Index of 0.684 which is greater than India's average of 0.640 and higher being Kerala with 0.784.
Jammu and Kashmir's economy is dependent on agriculture, tourism and manufacturing activities, 45% of GDP from agriculture is contributed by horticulture sector. Horticulture is one of the key contributing industry sector and products like Apples, pears, almonds, walnuts, apricots and cherries are exported from Jammu and Kashmir to different parts of India by yielding turnover of approximately 850 million dollars(6000 crores) by 2015-16 with the production of 1636 thousand metric ton area of 357 thousand hectares. Wood from Kashmir is used to make cricket bats traded as "Kashmir willow bats".
Saffron cultivation is produced in this region which is exported to many countries, and over 16,000 families are engaged in saffron cultivation. Khrew region is the major share of Saffron production, In a decade from 2007 to 2019, around 2,400 hectares of saffron farms in Khrew shrank to 1,500 hectares, due to old agricultural practice, irrigation problems and mainly due to import of Iranian Saffron.
District wise population in Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir Territory is further divided into 20 districts. District wise population, Jammu is the highest populated district with close to 1.7 Million population (est 2019), followed by Srinagar with 1.2 Million, Ananthnag and Baramulla with around 1 Million each. on 5th August Government of India introduced the bill to create Ladakh Region as Union Territory, Leh and Kargil are the two districts with an estimated population of 149,505 and 157,698 as on 2019.