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Karnataka Population

Karnataka is the eight largest state by population, its located in the south west of India bordering Telangana and Tamilnadu to the east, Kerala to the south and Arabian sea to the west. The Karnataka population in 2020 is estimated to be 67 Million (6.7 Crores), According to Unique Identification Authority of India, updated 31, May 2020, by mid of year 2020 the projected population is 67,562,686, its area is 191,791 sq km and ranks 8th largest in India, with the land area 5.83% of coverage. Bangalore is the capital city of Karnataka, Kannada is the main language is most widely spoken and official language in Karnataka State. As per Niti Aayog 2016 report, Total Fertility Rate is 1.8.
Karnataka Population
Image Source: Kannada people of Raichur district gathering for liquor ban, 2016
Karnataka is derived from Kannada, karu and nadu means elevated land, The native language is Kannada and the Karnataka people are called Kannadigas.

As per census 1901 the Karnataka State Population is 13 million and in 1931 census it is rise to 14.6 million. By 1951 after the India's Independence the census was recorded 19.4 million with a growth rate of 9.38% to 19.36%. In 2001 the population of Karnataka reached 52 million with a average growth of 17% to 26%. The last census in 2011 recorded with a population of 61 million with a growth of 15.9%. In 2007 the state had a birth rate of 2.2%, a death rate of 0.7%, an infant mortality rate of 5.5% and a maternal mortality rate of 0.2%. Karnataka State Fertility rates are falling at a fast pace, the State's record being 1.8 children per women of productive age.
Census yearPersonsAbsolutePercentageMalesFemales
190113,054,754--6,582,1056,472,649
191113,525,251470,4973.66,827,8016,697,450
192113,377,599-147,652-1.096,793,7186,583,881
193114,632,9921,255,3939.387,445,4587,187,534
194116,255,3681,622,37611.098,294,0437,961,325
195119,401,9563,146,58819.369,866,9239,535,033
196123,586,7724,184,81621.5712,040,92311,545,849
197129,299,0145,712,24224.2214,971,90014,327,114
198137,135,7147,836,70026.7518,922,62718,213,087
199144,977,2017,841,48721.1222,951,91722,025,284
200152,850,5627,873,36117.5126,898,91825,951,644
201161,095,2978,244,73515.630,966,65730,128,640
Source: A-2 Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901


Population Pyramid

Source: 2011 Census: Population In Five Year Age-Group


Karnataka Population by Religion

The diverse linguistic and religious ethnicity that are native to Karnataka State, combined with their long histories, have contributed significantly to the cultural heritage of the state. As on last census, Karnataka population religion wise are 51 million(84.00%) of the population were Hindu, 7.8 million, about 12.92% were Muslim, 1.1 million (1.87%) were Christian, 0.72% were Jains around 440,280, 95,710(0.16%) were Buddhist, 28,773(0.05%) were Sikh and 0.02% were belonging to other religions.0.27 % of the population did not state their religion. The total muslim population is 7.8 million after the largest Hindu population with 51.3 million, Christians 1.1 Million and Jains with 66834193.

ReligionPersonsPercentageMalesFemales
Hindu51,317,47284.0026,017,98325,299,489
Muslim7,893,06512.924,007,8713,885,194
Christian1,142,6471.87557,436585,211
Sikh28,7730.0515,95512,818
Buddhist95,7100.1655,01540,695
Jain440,2800.72225,544214,736
Others11,2630.025,7045,559
Not Stated166,0870.2781,14984,938
Source: Details of Religion In Main Table C-1- 2011 (India & States/UTs)


Ethnic groups

TribesPopulation as per Census 2011
All Scheduled Tribes4,248,987
Adiyan758
Barda266
Bavacha, Bamcha960
Bhil, Bhil Garasia, Dholi Bhil, Dungri Bhil, Dungri Garasia, Mewasi Bhil, Rawal Bhil, Tadvi Bhil, Bhagalia, Bhilala, Pawra, Vasava, Vasave6,204
Chenchu, Chenchwar954
Chodhara117
Dubla, Talavia, Halpati264
Gamit, Gamta, Gavit, Mavchi, Padvi, Valvi516
Gond, Naikpod, Rajgond158,243
Gowdalu8,617
Hakkipikki11,892
Hasalaru24,466
Irular703
Iruliga10,259
Jenu Kuruba36,076
Kadu Kuruba11,953
Kammara (in South Kanara disitrict and Kollegal taluk of Mysore district)c949
Kaniyan, Kanyan (in Kollegal taluk of Mysore district)d413
Kathodi, Katkari, Dhor Kathodi, Dhor Katkari, Son Kathodi, Son Katkari274
Kattunayakan168
Kokna, Kokni, Kukna32
Koli Dhor, Tokre Koli, Kolcha, Kolgha112,190
Konda Kapus7,438
Koraga14,794
Kota121
Koya, Bhine Koya, Rajkoya365
Kudiya, Melakudi2,169
Kuruba (in Coorg district)a3,111
Kurumans347
Maha Malasar36
Malaikudi9,236
Malasar82
Malayekandi116
Maleru 440
Maratha (in Coorg district)a3,396
Marati (in South Kanara district)e82,447
Meda, Medari, Gauriga, Burud44,160
Naikda, Nayaka, Cholivala Nayaka, Kapadia Nayaka, Mota Nayaka, Nana Nayaka, Naik, Nayak, Beda, Bedar and Valmiki3,296,354
Palliyan226
Paniyan495
Pardhi, Advichincher, Phanse Pardhi, Haranshikari10,746
Patelia57
Rathawa45
Sholaga52
Soligaru33,819
Toda147
Varli58
Vitolia, Kotwalia, Barodia23
Yerava30,359
Siddi (in Uttar Kannada district)10,477
Generic Tribes etc.311,597


Literacy

The Karnataka State Literacy is 75.60% and sex ratio is 973 per 1000 males. As per the 2011 census, Karnataka had a literacy rate of 75.60%, with 82.85% of males and 68.13% of females in the state being literate. In 2001 the literacy rate of the state were 67.04%, with 76.29% of males and 57.45% of females being literate. Literacy rate increased to 9% more at 2011 census from 66.64 percent in 2001 to 75.60 percent. Urban male literacy rate has crossed 90%.


Languages spoken in Karnataka

Kannada is the most widely spoken in the state and official language and spoken as a native language by about 66.53%, Kannada Population is 44.6 million in Karnataka compared to 66.26% of the people as of 2001. Other linguistic minorities in the state were Urdu 10.83%(6.6 million) compared to 10.54%, 3.5 million Telugu 5.84 compared 7.03% in 2001, Tamil (3.4% in 2011 vs 3.57% in 2001, Marathi with 3.3%, Tulu with 2.6%), Hindi (2.56%), Konkani (1.29%), Malayalam (1.26%).

LanguagesPersonsPercentageRuralUrban
Kannada40,651,09066.537229,040,96211,610,128
Urdu6,618,32410.83282,142,1044,476,220
Telugu3,569,4005.84231,617,8941,951,506
Tamil2,110,1283.4538332,5781,777,550
Marathi2,064,9063.37981,237,722827,184
Hindi2,013,3643.29541,088,225925,139
Tulu1,595,0382.6107989,173605,865
Konkani788,2941.2903357,372430,922
Malayalam774,0571.2670339,952434,105
Gujarati114,6160.187611,083103,533
Coorgi/Kodagu110,5080.180976,42134,087
Bengali87,9630.144021,59566,368
Odia64,1190.104916,21247,907
Tibetan27,5440.045124,3143,230
Punjabi25,9810.04251,08524,896
Nepali19,2740.03153,94015,334
Sindhi16,9540.02788616,868
Assamese9,8710.01622,9846,887
Manipuri4,1030.00673033,800
Kashmiri3,3880.00558332,555
Bhili2,6210.00431,667954
Source: 2011 Census: Language and Mother Tongue


Disability

Type of disabilityTotal PersonsCultivatorsAgriculture laborHHIOther workers
Total disabled population503,902102,038122,77819,029260,057
In Seeing103,75119,33322,9783,27358,167
In Hearing106,29120,59523,7724,15257,772
In Speech35,7368,79411,0271,27014,645
In Movement104,94123,20825,8253,83052,078
Mental Retardation19,4644,0555,6536609,096
Mental Illness4,3029231,3731821,824
Any Other110,96720,88826,8454,93658,298
Multiple disability18,4504,2425,3057268,177
Source: 2011 Census: Distribution of Disabled(India & States/UTs)


Income Distribution

Karnataka is the third largest state economy in India, one of the industrialized states in the country and is leading in driving India's economic growth. Economic growth and fast development of any state depends on Industrial policy. Agriculture is the major sector depended by rural population. The major crops in Karnataka state are Ragi, Jowar, Sugarcane, Rice, Coconut, Groundnuts, Coffee and Cotton. Karnataka stands at top among the states of the country in terms of manufacturing categories are Electronics, Computer, Garments, Aeronautics, Machine Tools, Electrical Engineering, Aluminium and Steel. Karnataka economic model is most progressive with just 5% of the country's population, the state contributes to 6% of GDP. Karnataka is leading IT industry in the country which was developed from 1995. Bengaluru is one of the largest technology cluster in the world after Silicon Valley.


District wise population in Karnataka

Karnataka district wise population as per Census 2011 and 2020 projection as per below table data. Karnataka State has 30 districts and 4 administrative divisions. Bijapur is the biggest district in the State with an area of 17,069 Sq km covering 8.90% of the area of the State. Kodagu is the smallest district in the State with an area of 4102 Sq Km covering 2.14% of the total area of the State.

DistrictPopulation(2020 est.)Population(2011)Percentage
Belgaum5,448,8144,779,6617.82
Bagalkot 2,154,3171,889,7523.09
Bijapur2,482,1572,177,3313.56
Bidar1,941,7621,703,3002.79
Raichur2,198,8461,928,8123.16
Koppal1,584,5091,389,9202.28
Gadag1,213,6101,064,5701.74
Dharwad2,105,6061,847,0233.02
Uttara Kannada1,638,3731,437,1692.35
Haveri1,821,3421,597,6682.62
Bellary2,795,9582,452,5954.01
Chitradurga1,891,7801,659,4562.72
Davanagere2,217,8671,945,4973.18
Shimoga1,998,1381,752,7532.87
Udupi1,342,1921,177,3611.93
Chikmagalur1,297,2761,137,9611.86
Tumkur3,054,0372,678,9804.38
Bangalore10,968,5689,621,55115.75
Mandya2,058,5771,805,7692.96
Hassan2,025,1201,776,4212.91
Dakshina Kannada2,382,2002,089,6493.42
Kodagu632,152554,5190.91
Mysore3,421,2853,001,1274.91
Chamarajanagar1,163,7021,020,7911.67
Gulbarga2,925,6122,566,3264.20
Yadgir1,338,6691,174,2711.92
Kolar1,751,4971,536,4012.51
Chikkaballapura1,430,8191,255,1042.05
Bangalore Rural1,129,652990,9231.62
Ramanagara1,234,2051,082,6361.77
Source: 2011 Census: Population Data on District/Sub-Dist Level

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References

1. http://censusindia.gov.in/
2. https://uidai.gov.in/images/state-wise-aadhaar-saturation.pdf
3. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/sp.dyn.cdrt.in

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