Karnataka PopulationKarnataka is the eight largest state by population, its located in the south west of India bordering Telangana and Tamilnadu to the east, Kerala to the south and Arabian sea to the west. The Karnataka population in 2019 is 66 million(estimate on Feb 2019 by Aadhar India). its area is 191,791 sq km and ranks 8th largest in India, with the land area 5.83% of coverage. Kannada is the main language is most widely spoken and official language in Karnataka State. As per Niti Aayog 2016 report, Total Fertility Rate is 1.8.
Image Source: Kannada people of Raichur district gathering for liquor ban, 2016
The diverse linguistic and religious ethnicity that are native to Karnataka State, combined with their long histories, have contributed significantly to the cultural heritage of the state. As on last census 51 million(84.00%) of the population were Hindu, 7.8 million, about 12.92% were Muslim, 1.1 million (1.87%) were Christian, 0.72% were Jains around 440,280, 95,710(0.16%) were Buddhist, 28,773(0.05%) were Sikh and 0.02% were belonging to other religions.0.27 % of the population did not state their religion.
The Karnataka State Literacy is 75.60% and sex ratio is 973 per 1000 males. As per the 2011 census, Karnataka had a literacy rate of 75.60%, with 82.85% of males and 68.13% of females in the state being literate. In 2001 the literacy rate of the state were 67.04%, with 76.29% of males and 57.45% of females being literate. Literacy rate increased to 9% more at 2011 census from 66.64 percent in 2001 to 75.60 percent. Urban male literacy rate has crossed 90%.
Kannada is the most widely spoken in the state and official language and spoken as a native language by about 66.53%, Kannada Population is 44.6 million in Karnataka compared to 66.26% of the people as of 2001. Other linguistic minorities in the state were Urdu 10.83%(6.6 million) compared to 10.54%, 3.5 million Telugu 5.84 compared 7.03% in 2001, Tamil (3.4% in 2011 vs 3.57% in 2001, Marathi with 3.3%, Tulu with 2.6%), Hindi (2.56%), Konkani (1.29%), Malayalam (1.26%).
Disability Population in Karnataka
|Type of disability||Total Persons||Cultivators||Agriculture labor||HHI||Other workers|
|Total disabled population||503,902||102,038||122,778||19,029||260,057|
Karnataka is the third largest state economy in India, one of the industrialized states in the country and is leading in driving India's economic growth. Economic growth and fast development of any state depends on Industrial policy. Agriculture is the major sector depended by rural population. The major crops in Karnataka state are Ragi, Jowar, Sugarcane, Rice, Coconut, Groundnuts, Coffee and Cotton. Karnataka stands at top among the states of the country in terms of manufacturing categories are Electronics, Computer, Garments, Aeronautics, Machine Tools, Electrical Engineering, Aluminium and Steel. Karnataka economic model is most progressive with just 5% of the country's population, the state contributes to 6% of GDP. Karnataka is leading IT industry in the country which was developed from 1995. Bengaluru is one of the largest technology cluster in the world after Silicon Valley.
Karnataka State has 30 districts and 4 administrative divisions. Bijapur is the biggest district in the State with an area of 17,069 Sq km covering 8.90% of the area of the State. Kodagu is the smallest district in the State with an area of 4102 Sq Km covering 2.14% of the total area of the State.