World Population > India Population

Meghalaya Population

Meghalaya is one of the seven north-eastern state of India, It borders Assam to the north and east, bounded by Bangladesh to the south and west. Meghalaya population in 2020 is estimated to be 3.4 Million (34 Lakhs), According to Unique Identification Aadhar India, updated 31, May 2020, by mid of year 2020 the projected population is 3,366,710. The name Meghalaya, 'Megha' means clouds, 'laya' means region, about 70% of the state is forest region and wettest region of India, The state of is mountainous, with valleys and highland plateaus. Meghalaya was formed in 1972 by carving out two districts from the state of Assam, Khasi Hills and Garo Hills are high elevated districts of Meghalaya. The state Meghalaya had its first Census outside Assam in 1971. The people from Khasi districts are mostly tribals, Khasi group, and the Garo districts are Garo groups. Out of total population of Meghalaya, 20.07% people live in urban regions. It covers an area of 22,429 sq.km.
Meghalaya Population in Shillong festival
Image Source: Meghalaya population at Ka Shad Sukh Mynsiem festival in Shillong

Census yearPersonsAbsolutePercentageMalesFemales
1901340,524--167,256173,268
1911394,00553,48115.71195,706198,299
1921422,40328,3987.21211,216211,187
1931480,83758,43413.83243,993236,844
1941555,82074,98315.59282,666273,154
1951605,67449,8548.97310,706294,968
1961769,380163,70627.03397,288372,092
19711,011,699242,31931.5520,967490,732
19811,335,819324,12032.04683,710652,109
19911,774,778438,95932.86907,687867,091
20012,318,822544,04430.651,176,0871,142,735
20112,966,889648,06727.951,491,8321,475,057
Source: A-2 Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901


Population Pyramid

Source: 2011 Census: Population In Five Year Age-Group


Meghalaya Population by Religion

Christianity is most popular religion in Meghalaya with 74.59% of state total population, followed by Hinduism is second popular religion in with 11.53%, Muslim is followed by 4.40%, Jainism by 0.02%, Buddhism by 0.33% and Sikhism by 0.10%. As per census, the total muslim population of Meghalaya is 130,399 after Christiaity with 2.2 million and Hindu population of 342,078.

ReligionPersonsPercentageMalesFemales
Hindu342,07811.53183,622158,456
Muslim130,3994.4067,82762,572
Christian2,213,02774.591,100,4921,112,535
Sikh3,0450.101,6401,405
Buddhist9,8640.335,1444,720
Jain6270.02342285
Others258,2718.71127,983130,288
Not Stated9,5780.324,7824,796
Source: Details of Religion In Main Table C-1- 2011 (India & States/UTs)


Ethnic groups

Tribals make up the majority of Meghalaya population. The Khasis are the largest tribal group, followed by the Garos and the Jaintias people. The population of Meghalaya are mostly tribals, the main tribes are the Khasis, the Jaintias and the Garos besides other tribes such as Bodos, Koch and Rabhas. The Khasis and the Jaintias predominantly inhabiting the districts towards eastern part of Meghalaya. The western part of the State, the Garo Hills is inhabited by the Garos. The Garos belong to the Bodo family, The Garos are also called Achiks The Garo, Khasi and Jaintia societies have a matrilineal system.


Languages spoken in Meghalaya

English is the official language of Meghalaya. Tribal language Khasi has 1.4 million speakers and Garo has close to 1 million speakers. 23,199 speak Koch, Rabha with 21,671 speakers and Karbi with 14,380.

LanguagesPersonsPercentageRuralUrban
Khasi1,382,27846.59011,094,313287,965
Garo936,49631.5649823,172113,324
Bengali232,5257.8373171,65560,870
Hindi62,9052.120218,46544,440
Nepali54,7161.844217,82936,887
Assamese39,6281.335728,20811,420
Koch23,1990.781922,0691,130
Rabha21,6710.730420,5031,168
Marathi20,7510.699416,6024,149
Karbi14,3800.484714,209171
Punjabi4,5400.15306603,880
Mizo4,4550.15023164,139
Manipuri4,4510.15009433,508
Tripuri2,7350.09222,368367
Urdu2,1290.07182901,839
Lalung2,0570.06932,03423
Source: 2011 Census: Language and Mother Tongue


Disability

Meghalaya disable people stastistics as per table below.

Type of disabilityTotal PersonsCultivatorsAgriculture laborHHIOther workers
Total disabled population16,7247,6192,9295165,660
In Seeing2,8461,292477481,029
In Hearing5,6392,6879431381,871
In Speech95845317659270
In Movement1,63763527190641
Mental Retardation62026414516195
Mental Illness61326413918192
Any Other3,5981,6666161051,211
Multiple disability81335816242251
Source: 2011 Census: Distribution of Disabled(India & States/UTs)


Income Distribution

Meghalaya's gross state domestic product (GSDP) was US$ 4.20 billion over 2014-15. 81% of the state's population depends on Agriculture, The economy of Meghalaya is basically depends on its rural based with Agriculture playing a major role in the states economy. Meghalaya, one of the most beautiful and picturesque states in the country, has two National Parks and three wildlife sanctuaries. It offers many adventure tourism opportunities like mountaineering, rock climbing, hiking & trekking, water sports. Agriculture, Agro-processing, horticulture, minerals, tourism are the key sectors for economic development.


District wise population in Meghalaya

Meghalaya state is divided into 7 districts. Below is the Meghalaya district wise population as per Census 2011 and 2020 projection. At the time of taking the 1971 census, it was an autonomous Sub State within the State of Assam with two Districts via Garo Hills, Khasi Hills(United) and Jaintia Hills District.

DistrictPopulation(2020 est.)Population(2011)Percentage
West Garo Hills733,352643,29121.68
East Garo Hills362,425317,91710.72
South Garo Hills162,261142,3344.80
West Khasi Hills437,146383,46112.92
Ribhoi295,078258,8408.72
East Khasi Hills941,551825,92227.84
Jaintia Hills450,441395,12413.32
Source: 2011 Census: Population Data on District/Sub-Dist Level

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References

1. http://censusindia.gov.in/
2. https://uidai.gov.in/images/state-wise-aadhaar-saturation.pdf
3. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/sp.dyn.cdrt.in

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