World Population > India Population

Sikkim Population

Sikkim state with its elegant natural beauty of snowing mountains, is an ever enchanting luxuriant forests with exotic flora and fauna, waterfalls, lakes, holy caves, hot springs ad, one of the bio-diversity hotspots in the Eastern Himalayas. Sikkim is the state in north-eastern India, borders Nepal to the west, Bhutan to the east, China to the north, West Bengal to the south, Tibet in the north and northeast of which three sides are covered with Himalayan region. Sikkim population in 2020 is estimated to be 690 Thousands (6.9 Lakhs), According to Unique Identification Aadhar India, updated 31, May 2020, by mid of year 2020 the projected population is 690,251. Sikkim is notable for its biodiversity, Mostly 35% of the Sikkim state is covered by the Khangchendzonga National Park, which includes the famous Kanchenjunga (8598 meters), the third highest peak in the world. The total area of the park is covered an area of 850 sq.km. The Sikkim state is being the part of inner mountain ranges of Himalayas is having hilly with varied elevations ranging from 300 meters to 7000 meters. The name Sikkim is believed to be the combination of two Limbu words 'Su', which means new, and 'khyim', which means house. It is the smallest state in India with 7,096 sq km and area rank is 28, density of Sikkim is 86 per sq km which is lower than national average 382 per sq km. The Lepcha people also called 'Rongkup' are considered to be the earliest inhabitants of Sikkim, they also found in the regions of Bhutan, Tibet and northern part of West Bengal. Sikkim accounts for the largest share of cardamom production in India. Sikkim has the major tourist spots in the north-eastern region of India, also popular for rejuvenate the mind and body with the beautiful landscapes of nature, The largest portion of Sikkim is in its North-West, a large number of mountains having the altitude of about 9000 meters stand here. Gangtok is the capital and the largest town of the Indian state of Sikkim. As on 2011, The total Sikkim population growth in this decade was 12.36 percent while in previous year in 2001 was 33.06 percent. As per 2011 census, out of this total population 25.15 per cent of the state population lives in urban areas while 74.85 per cent of the state population lives in the rural areas.
Sikkim Population
Image Source: Sikkim population gathering for Magh Sakranti, held at banks of rivers

Census yearPersonsAbsolutePercentageMalesFemales
190159,014--30,79528,219
191187,92028,90648.9845,05942,861
192181,721-6,199-7.0541,49240,229
1931109,80828,08734.3755,82553,983
1941121,52011,71210.6763,28958,231
1951137,72516,20513.3472,21065,515
1961162,18924,46417.7685,19376,996
1971209,84347,65429.38112,66297,181
1981316,385106,54250.77172,440143,945
1991406,45790,07228.47216,427190,030
2001540,851134,39433.06288,484252,367
2011610,57769,72612.89323,070287,507
Source: A-2 Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901


Population Pyramid

Source: 2011 Census: Population In Five Year Age-Group


Sikkim Population by Religion

The Rumtek monastery in Sikkim is most famous religious monuments. According to 2011 census, Hinduism is the major religion with 57.76%, followed by Buddhist with 27.39% and Christian with 9.9%. The total population of Hindu is 352,662 and Buddhist are 167,216.

ReligionPersonsPercentageMalesFemales
Hindu352,66257.76189,972162,690
Muslim9,8671.626,5363,331
Christian60,5229.9130,29030,232
Sikh1,8680.311,592276
Buddhist167,21627.3985,30281,914
Jain3140.05181133
Others16,3002.678,3237,977
Not Stated1,8280.30874954
Source: Details of Religion In Main Table C-1- 2011 (India & States/UTs)


Ethnic groups

The tribe population of sikkim as per census 2011 are:

TribesPopulation as per Census 2011
All Scheduled Tribes206,360
Bhutia (including Chumbipa, Dopthapa, Dukpa, Kagatey, Sherpa, Tibetan, Tromopa, Yolmo)69,598
Lepcha42,909
Limboo53,703
Tamang37,696
Generic Tribes etc.2,454


Languages spoken in Sikkim

The official languages of the Sikkim state are English, and the Himalayan langguage of Nepali, Sikkimese and Lepcha. The Lepcha is the have their own language and own script, derived from tibetian script and also called 'Rong'. Other than Sikkimese and Lepcha, other languages are Limbu, Rai, Sherpa and Tamang, Magar, Mukhia and Newari. According to 2011 census, Nepali is widely spoken language with 62.5% of the Sikkim population, followed by Hindi with 7.9%, Bhotia with 6.8%, Limbu with 6.3%, Lepcha with 6.2%, Sherpa with 2.2% and Tamang with 1.9%, Rai with 1.22% and Tibetian with 0.45%.

LanguagesPersonsPercentageRuralUrban
Nepali382,20062.5965291,53190,669
Hindi48,5867.957417,93830,648
Bhotia41,8896.860629,21612,673
Limbu38,7336.343737,2001,533
Lepcha38,3136.274934,5453,768
Sherpa13,6812.240712,3481,333
Tamang11,7341.921810,2801,454
Rai7,4711.22366,999472
Bengali6,9861.14422,9564,030
Tibetan2,7850.45611,7161,069
Urdu2,0010.32775971,404
Source: 2011 Census: Language and Mother Tongue


Disability

Below is the disable people statistics of the Sikkim state.

Type of disabilityTotal PersonsCultivatorsAgriculture laborHHIOther workers
Total disabled population8,9184,2591,0821483,429
In Seeing1,43466313820613
In Hearing3,2411,464363521,362
In Speech7904201538209
In Movement8333927518348
Mental Retardation1749123258
Mental Illness1679828635
Any Other1,21749113625565
Multiple disability1,06264016617239
Source: 2011 Census: Distribution of Disabled(India & States/UTs)


District wise population in Sikkim

Sikkim is divided into 4 districts, South, East, West and North district. Below is the Sikkim district wise population as per Census 2011 and 2020 projection. North district is the largest with 4,226 sq.km in area but population figures, it is the smallest with 49,828. West district is the second largest 1166 sq.km in area but in term of population it is the third highest with 155,536, South district is the least 750 sq.km. in area with the population of 167,409. East district is the third highest with 954 sq.km in area the population is 323,285.

DistrictPopulation(2020 est.)Population(2011)Percentage
North District49,82843,7097.16
West District155,536136,43522.35
South District167,409146,85024.05
East District323,285283,58346.45
Source: 2011 Census: Population Data on District/Sub-Dist Level

Goa Population

Goa Population

Haryana Population

Haryana Population

Gujarat Population

Gujarat Population

Meghalaya Population

Meghalaya Population

Manipur Population

Manipur Population

Nagaland Population

Nagaland Population


References

1. http://censusindia.gov.in/
2. https://uidai.gov.in/images/state-wise-aadhaar-saturation.pdf
3. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/sp.dyn.cdrt.in

© 2019-2020 populationU, Research papers on Population dynamics and Social affairs