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Telangana Population

Telangana is the southern state in India, bordered by Andhra Pradesh to the south, Karnataka to the west, Maharastra to the north and west, Chhattisgarh to the east. Telangana is the newly formed state carved out from Andhra Pradesh in 2014. 'Telinga', 'Telungalu', 'Tenugulu' means people of Telugu speaking, gradually called as Telangana. Telangana population in 2020 is estimated to be 39 Million (3.9 Crores), According to Unique Identification Aadhar India, updated 31, May 2020, by mid of year 2020 the projected population is 39,362,732, As per Niti Aayog 2016 report, Total Fertility Rate of Telangana is 1.7. Hyderabad is the state capital of Telangana.
Telangana Population, gathering of telugu people at karimnagar meeting, Nov 2018
Image Source: Telangana people gathering at karimnagar, Nov 2018

The census in 2011 was conducted in the joint state of Andhra pradesh, 84.58 million was recorded for the telugu speaking states of Telangana and Andhra. 35 million is from Telangana, 35,286,757 in 2011. Telangana population will be 35286757 by 2021 in the next census. Telangana was seperated from Andhra Pradesh 10 districts including Hyderabad City. 23 new districts were created on which lead to total of 33 districts in Telangana. Below is the Telangana district wise population as per Census 2011 and 2020 projection.

slno Name Headquarters Area in sq.km. Population (2011) Total Mandals Density per sq km
1 Adilabad Adilabad 4,153 7,08,972 18 171
2 Bhadradri Kothagudem Kothagudem 7,483 10,69,261 23 143
3 Hyderabad Hyderabad 217 39,43,323 16 18172
4 Jagitial Jagitial 2,419 9,85,417 18 407
5 Jangaon Jangaon 2,188 5,66,376 13 259
6 Jayashankar Bhupalapally Bhupalpalle 6,175 7,11,434 20 115
7 Jogulamba Gadwal Gadwal 2,928 6,09,990 12 208
8 Kamareddy Kamareddy 3,652 9,72,625 22 266
9 Karimnagar Karimnagar 2,128 10,05,711 16 473
10 Khammam Khammam 4,361 14,01,639 21 321
11 Kumarambheem Asifabad Asifabad 4,878 5,15,812 15 106
12 Mahabubabad Mahabubabad 2,877 7,74,549 16 269
13 Mahabubnagar Mahabubnagar 5,285 14,86,777 26 281
14 Mancherial district Mancherial 4,016 8,07,037 18 201
15 Medak Medak 2,786 7,67,428 20 275
16 Medchal–Malkajgiri Shamirpet 1,084 24,40,073 14 2251
17 Mulugu Mulugu 3,881 2,94,671 9 124
18 Nagarkurnool Nagarkurnool 6,545 8,93,308 22 142
19 Narayanpet Narayanpet 11
20 Nalgonda Nalgonda 7,122 16,18,416 31 227
21 Nirmal Nirmal 3,845 7,09,418 19 185
22 Nizamabad Nizamabad 4,288 15,71,022 27 366
23 Peddapalli Peddapalli 2,236 7,95,332 14 356
24 Rajanna Sircilla Sircilla 2,019 5,52,037 13 273
25 Ranga Reddy Shamshabad 5,031 24,46,265 27 486
26 Sangareddy Sangareddy 4,403 15,27,628 26 347
27 Siddipet Siddipet 3,632 10,12,065 22 279
28 Suryapet Suryapet 3,607 10,99,560 23 305
29 Vikarabad Vikarabad 3,386 9,27,140 18 274
30 Wanaparthy Wanaparthy 2,152 5,77,758 14 268
31 Warangal Rural Warangal 2,175 7,18,537 15 330
32 Warangal Urban Warangal 1,309 10,80,858 11 826
33 Yadadri Bhuvanagiri Bhongir 3,092 7,39,448 16 239
Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation GHMC consists of Hyderabad Municipal Corporation plus 10 municipalities and 8 panchayats in Ranga Reddy district(Shamshabad, Satamarai, Jallapalli, Mamdipalli, Mankhal, Sardanagar and Ravirala), 2 municipalities in Medak district(Patencheru and Ramachandrapuram). At present GHMC - Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation spreads to 5 districts(Rangareddy district, Sangareddy district, Medak district, Hyderabad district and Medchal-Malkajgiri district). The Greater Hydreabad population in 2019 is estimated to be around 10 million population. Source: A-2 Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901


Population Pyramid

Telangana population pyramid illustrates the below graph, with the wide base suggests growing population, with a narrow base indicates declining birth rates.

Source: 2011 Census: Population In Five Year Age-Group


Telangana Population by Religion

As per the 2014 Telangana state survey, Telangana population religion wise, 85% of the population follow Hinduism, 12.6% are Muslim population, 1.3% are Christians and Sikhs, Jains and Buddhists represent a total of 1%. The Sikh people are 30,340 which is 0.04% whereas the Jains are 26,690 which constitutes 0.075%. Telangana has 30 million Hindu population and 4.4 million Muslim population, GHMC has the largest Muslim population whereas Khammam has the lowest population of the Muslims in Telangana state. Christians are 447,124, The largest concentration of the Christians is in Hyderabad and their least population is in Adilabad district. Source: Details of Religion In Main Table C-1- 2011 (India & States/UTs)


Ethnic groups

1. Gond-Kolam Region - the tribal areas of Adilabad district.
2. Khond-Savara Region - Tribal areas of Karimnagar, Warangal and Khammam.
3. Chenchu Region - Tribal areas of Mahboobnagar and Nalgonda districts.
4. The Konda Reddis are inhabiting on either side of Godavari banks from Bhadrachalam area of Khammam district.
2011 census of Telangana Tribes and their population.

TribesPopulation as per Census 2011
Andh, Sadhu Andh12,882
Bagata850
Bhil535
Chenchu16,912
Gadabas, Bodo Gadaba, Gutob Gadaba, Kallayi Gadaba, Parangi Gadaba, Kathera Gadaba, Kapu Gadaba283
Gond, Naikpod, Rajgond, Koitur297,910
Generic Tribes etc.160,839
Hill Reddis256
Jatapus180
Kammara5,251
Kattunayakan93
Kolam, Kolawar44,805
Konda Dhoras, Kubi580
Konda Kapus2,571
Kondareddis16,810
Kondhs, Kodi, Kodhu, Desaya Kondhs, Dongria Kondhs, Kuttiya Kondhs, Tikiria Kondhs, Yenity Kondhs, Kuvinga912
Kotia, Bentho Oriya, Bartika, Dulia, Holva, Sanrona, Sidhopaiko374
Koya, Doli Koya, Gutta Koya, Kammara Koya, Musara Koya, Oddi Koya, Pattidi Koya, Rajah, Rasha Koya, Lingadhari Koya (ordinary), Kottu Koya, Bhine Koya, Rajkoya486,391
Kulia290
Malis49
Manna Dhora4,393
Mukha Dhora, Nooka Dhora63
Nakkala, Kurvikaran1,149
Nayaks (in the Agency tracts)6,366
Pardhan24,776
Porja, Parangiperja357
Reddi Dhoras50
Rona, Rena72
Savaras, Kapu Savaras, Maliya Savaras, Khutto Savaras1,811
Sugalis, Lambadis, Banjara2,046,117
Thoti (in Adilabad, Hyderabad, Karimnagar, Khammam, Mahbubnagar, Medak, Nalgonda, Nizamabad and Warangal districts)4,811
Yenadis, Chella Yenadi, Kappala Yenadi, Manchi Yenadi, Reddi Yenadi4,062
Yerukulas, Koracha, Dabba Yerukula, Kunchapuri Yerukula, Uppu Yerukula144,128


Literacy

The lowest literacy rate is 49.87% in Jogulamba Gadwal and the highest literacy district is Hyderabad with 83.25%.

slno Name Literacy % Sex Ratio
1 Adilabad 63.46 978
2 Bhadradri Kothagudem 66.4 1008
3 Hyderabad 83.25 954
4 Jagitial 60.26 1036
5 Jangaon 61.44 997
6 Jayashankar Bhupalapally 60.33 1009
7 Jogulamba Gadwal 49.87 972
8 Kamareddy 56.51 1033
9 Karimnagar 69.16 993
10 Khammam 65.95 1005
11 Kumarambheem Asifabad 56.72 998
12 Mahabubabad 57.13 996
13 Mahabubnagar 56.78 995
14 Mancherial 64.35 977
15 Medak 56.12 1027
16 Medchal-Malkajgiri 82.49 957
17 Mulugu 70.38 968
18 Nagarkurnool 56.78 995
19 Narayanpet 56.78 995
20 Nalgonda 63.75 978
21 Nirmal 57.77 1046
22 Nizamabad 64.25 1044
23 Peddapalli 65.52 992
24 Rajanna Sircilla 62.71 1014
25 Ranga Reddy 71.95 950
26 Sangareddy 64.08 965
27 Siddipet 61.61 1008
28 Suryapet 64.11 996
29 Vikarabad 57.91 1001
30 Wanaparthy 55.67 960
31 Warangal Rural 61.26 994
32 Warangal Urban 76.17 997
33 Yadadri Bhuvanagiri 65.53 973


Languages spoken in Telangana

Telugu is the widely spoken language in Telangana, also it is the official language of Telangana and Urdu is the second official language of the state. 77% of the total population of Telangana speak Telugu, 12% speak Urdu, and 13% speak other languages. Before 1948, Urdu was the official language of Telangana. Source: 2011 Census: Language and Mother Tongue

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References

1. http://censusindia.gov.in/
2. https://uidai.gov.in/images/state-wise-aadhaar-saturation.pdf
3. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/sp.dyn.cdrt.in

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