World Population > India Population

West Bengal Population

West Bengal is the eastern state of India located along the Bay of Bengal in the east, bordering Bihar, Jharkhand to the west, Odisha to the north-west, Bangladesh to the east, Nepal and Bhutan to the north. West Bengal population in 2020 is estimated to be 99 Million (9.9 Crores), According to Unique Identification Aadhar India, updated 31, May 2020, by mid of year 2020 the projected population is 99,609,303 and it is the fourth-largest populated state in India. Its area is 88,752 sq km and density is 1100 people per sq km. The British colonial rule was started in Bengal from 18th century, at the time of India Independence Bengal was partitioned into West Bengal and East Bengal, todays Bangladesh. Calcutta which is today's Kolkata served as British India capital for many years and currently the third largest metorpolitan city in India. The native name of the state is 'PaschimBanga', 'Paschim' means west and 'Banga' means ancient kingdom 'vanga'. As per Niti Aayog 2016 report, Total Fertility Rate is 1.6.
West Bengal Population
Image Source: Bengali people gathering at Swachh Bharat Mission, North 24 Paraganas, West Bengal
The people of West Bengal is called 'Bengali' and Bengali is the native language spoken through out the state. The popular persons like Rabindranath Tagore, Subhas Chandra Bose are from Bengal.

The census of Bengal was first conducted in 1872, and then in 1881 by British India was recorded as 62,705,718[1] before the Bengal partition. The West Bengal population was recorded in 1901 was 16.9 million, Independent India's first census in 1951 was 26 million, increase of 9 million in the span of 50 years since from 1901 to 1951. The population recorded in 2001 was 80 million, 3 times increase from 1951. By 2011, 91 million was recorded, 13.8% increase in population from 2001 census. The population in 2021 will be 99 million and the growth rate is 8.7%.
Census yearPersonsAbsolutePercentageMalesFemales
190116,940,088--8,708,9788,231,110
191117,998,7691,058,6816.259,349,4198,649,350
192117,474,348-524,421-2.919,173,1488,301,200
193118,897,0361,422,6888.149,997,0358,900,001
194123,229,5524,332,51622.9312,545,26910,684,283
195126,299,9803,070,42813.2214,105,51912,194,461
196134,926,2798,626,29932.818,599,14416,327,135
197144,312,0119,385,73226.8723,435,98720,876,024
198154,580,64710,268,63623.1728,560,90126,019,746
199168,077,96513,497,31824.7335,510,63332,567,332
200180,176,19712,098,23217.7741,465,98538,710,212
201191,276,11511,099,91813.8446,809,02744,467,088
Source: A-2 Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901


Population Pyramid

Source: 2011 Census: Population In Five Year Age-Group


West Bengal Population by Religion

Religion wise, Hinduism is the major religion in West Bengal with 70.5%, followed by Muslim with 27%. Christian and Buddhism with 0.72% and 0.31%. more than 1.1 million are others and not stated religion. The Muslim population of West Bengal is 24.6 Million is the second largest after Hindu religion of 64.3 Million.

ReligionPersonsPercentageMalesFemales
Hindu64,385,54670.5433,046,55731,338,989
Muslim24,654,82527.0112,640,09212,014,733
Christian658,6180.72325,986332,632
Sikh63,5230.0734,16829,355
Buddhist282,8980.31141,388141,510
Jain60,1410.0730,71829,423
Others942,2971.03469,865472,432
Not Stated228,2670.25120,253108,014
Source: Details of Religion In Main Table C-1- 2011 (India & States/UTs)


Ethnic groups

References: [1] https://www.jstor.org/stable/2979312

TribesPopulation as per Census 2011
All Scheduled Tribes5,296,953
Asur3,864
Baiga13,423
Bedia, Bediya88,772
Bhumij376,296
Bhutia, Sherpa, Toto, Dukpa, Kagatay, Tibetan, Yolmo66,627
Birhor2,241
Birjia1,123
Chakma466
Chero5,477
Chik Baraik21,376
Garo2,039
Gond13,535
Gorait2,498
Hajang621
Ho23,483
Karmali2,466
Kharwar20,270
Khond660
Kisan98,434
Kora159,404
Korwa2,912
Lepcha33,962
Lodha, Kheria, Kharia108,707
Lohara, Lohra24,783
Magh8,032
Mahali81,594
Mahli2,609
Mal Pahariya44,538
Mech41,242
Mru197
Munda366,386
Nagesia16,378
Oraon643,510
Parhaiya921
Rabha27,820
Santal2,512,331
Sauria Paharia3,480
Savar40,374
Limbu (Subba)46,847
Tamang146,203
Generic Tribes etc.241,052


Languages spoken in West Bengal

Bengali is the widely spoken language in West Bengal with 86% stated as their native language, followed by Hindi with 6.9%, Santali with 2.6%, Urdu with 1.8% and Nepali with 1.2%.
LanguagesPersonsPercentageRuralUrban
Bengali78,698,85286.220656,188,66722,510,185
Hindi6,356,0596.96362,027,8694,328,190
Santali2,429,0732.66122,283,852145,221
Urdu1,663,5191.8225331,7651,331,754
Nepali1,155,3751.2658815,337340,038
Kurukh/Oraon171,9090.1883159,68612,223
Odia162,1420.177635,836126,306
Telugu88,3520.09683,92684,426
Punjabi61,0800.06698,84452,236
Munda43,6860.047940,8792,807
Gujarati41,3710.04534,14137,230
Koda/Kora40,7410.044636,7533,988
Maithili29,7410.03268,54421,197
Mundari29,5940.032428,934660
Savara24,9150.027323,5851,330
Tamil15,9300.01751,93513,995
Marathi14,8150.01624,9209,895
Rabha14,3870.015814,242145
Malayalam10,9520.01201,6999,253
Kisan10,2770.011310,2716
Lepcha8,6370.00957,975662
Tibetan8,5000.00932,4906,010
Sindhi7,8280.00862,5715,257
Assamese7,3420.00803,7063,636
Bhumij6,9770.00766,90770
Kharia6,8760.00756,408468
HO6,0550.00665,204851
Malto5,0570.00554,516541
Bhotia4,2930.00471,8732,420
Tamang3,8210.00422,5141,307
Kannada2,1920.00249041,288
Manipuri2,0100.00224931,517
Korwa2,0090.00225761,433
Source: 2011 Census: Language and Mother Tongue


Disability

Type of disabilityTotal PersonsCultivatorsAgriculture laborHHIOther workers
Total disabled population685,51698,499195,87848,320342,819
In Seeing161,73024,28144,86811,12381,458
In Hearing126,56718,07035,5999,31963,579
In Speech50,1706,39013,6503,66526,465
In Movement107,72815,39729,7147,88154,736
Mental Retardation30,4464,5039,9402,05813,945
Mental Illness14,6162,1815,4621,1545,819
Any Other161,02822,46644,88210,44883,232
Multiple disability33,2315,21111,7632,67213,585
Source: 2011 Census: Distribution of Disabled(India & States/UTs)


District wise population in West Bengal

As of 2017, West Bengal is divided into 23 districts. The North 24 paraganas is the largest district and Dakshin Dinajpur is the smallest by Population. Kolkata district is bordered by the North 24 Parganas district on the north and on the east, South 24 Parganas district on the south. Below is the West Bengal district wise population as per Census 2011 and 2020 projection.

DistrictPopulation(2020 est.)Population(2011)Percentage
Darjiling 2,105,3781,846,8232.02
Jalpaiguri 4,415,0443,872,8464.24
Koch Bihar 3,213,7582,819,0863.09
Uttar Dinajpur3,428,1333,007,1343.29
Dakshin Dinajpur1,910,9551,676,2761.84
Maldah 4,547,2833,988,8454.37
Murshidabad 8,098,3407,103,8077.78
Birbhum3,992,7413,502,4043.84
Barddhaman 8,798,0227,717,5638.46
Nadia 5,891,0645,167,6005.66
North Twenty Four Parganas11,411,15010,009,78110.97
Hugli 6,291,8255,519,1456.05
Bankura 4,100,2083,596,6743.94
Puruliya3,340,3312,930,1153.21
Haora 5,529,0334,850,0295.31
Kolkata5,126,2314,496,6944.93
South Twenty Four Parganas9,304,6368,161,9618.94
Paschim Medinipur6,741,3415,913,4576.48
Purba Medinipur5,809,2985,095,8755.58
Source: 2011 Census: Population Data on District/Sub-Dist Level

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References

1. http://censusindia.gov.in/
2. https://uidai.gov.in/images/state-wise-aadhaar-saturation.pdf
3. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/sp.dyn.cdrt.in

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