World Population > India Population

West Bengal Population

West Bengal is the eastern state of India located along the Bay of Bengal in the east, bordering Bihar, Jharkhand to the west, Odisha to the north-west, Bangladesh to the east, Nepal and Bhutan to the north. West Bengal is the fourth-largest populated state in India with 97.6 million in 2019. Its area is 88,752 sq km and density is 1100 people per sq km. The British colonial rule was started in Bengal from 18th century, at the time of India Independence Bengal was partitioned into West Bengal and East Bengal, todays Bangladesh. Calcutta which is today's Kolkatta served as British India capital for many years and currently the third largest metorpolitan city in India. The native name of the state is 'PaschimBanga', 'Paschim' means west and 'Banga' means ancient kingdom 'vanga'.
West Bengal Population
The people of West Bengal is called 'Bengali' and Bengali is the native language spoken through out the state. The popular persons like Rabindranath Tagore, Subhas Chandra Bose are from Bengal.

The census of Bengal was first conducted in 1872, and then in 1881 by British India was recorded as 62,705,718[1] before the Bengal partition. The West Bengal population was recorded in 1901 was 16.9 million, Independent India's first census in 1951 was 26 million, increase of 9 million in the span of 50 years since from 1901 to 1951. The population recorded in 2001 was 80 million, 3 times increase from 1951. By 2011, 91 million was recorded, 13.8% increase in population from 2001 census. The population in 2021 will be 99 million and the growth rate is 8.7%.
Census yearPersonsAbsolutePercentageMalesFemales
190116,940,088--8,708,9788,231,110
191117,998,7691,058,6816.259,349,4198,649,350
192117,474,348-524,421-2.919,173,1488,301,200
193118,897,0361,422,6888.149,997,0358,900,001
194123,229,5524,332,51622.9312,545,26910,684,283
195126,299,9803,070,42813.2214,105,51912,194,461
196134,926,2798,626,29932.818,599,14416,327,135
197144,312,0119,385,73226.8723,435,98720,876,024
198154,580,64710,268,63623.1728,560,90126,019,746
199168,077,96513,497,31824.7335,510,63332,567,332
200180,176,19712,098,23217.7741,465,98538,710,212
201191,276,11511,099,91813.8446,809,02744,467,088


Religions

Hinduism is the major religion in West Bengal with 70.5%, followed by Muslim with 27%. Christian and Buddhism with 0.72% and 0.31%. more than 1.1 million are others and not stated religion.
ReligionPersonsPercentageMalesFemales
Hindu64,385,54670.5433,046,55731,338,989
Muslim24,654,82527.0112,640,09212,014,733
Christian658,6180.72325,986332,632
Sikh63,5230.0734,16829,355
Buddhist282,8980.31141,388141,510
Jain60,1410.0730,71829,423
Others942,2971.03469,865472,432
Not Stated228,2670.25120,253108,014


Ethnic groups

References: [1] https://www.jstor.org/stable/2979312


Languages

Bengali is the widely spoken language in West Bengal with 86% stated as their native language, followed by Hindi with 6.9%, Santali with 2.6%, Urdu with 1.8% and Nepali with 1.2%.
LanguagesPersonsPercentageRuralUrban
Bengali78,698,85286.220656,188,66722,510,185
Hindi6,356,0596.96362,027,8694,328,190
Santali2,429,0732.66122,283,852145,221
Urdu1,663,5191.8225331,7651,331,754
Nepali1,155,3751.2658815,337340,038
Kurukh/Oraon171,9090.1883159,68612,223
Odia162,1420.177635,836126,306
Telugu88,3520.09683,92684,426
Punjabi61,0800.06698,84452,236
Munda43,6860.047940,8792,807
Gujarati41,3710.04534,14137,230
Koda/Kora40,7410.044636,7533,988
Maithili29,7410.03268,54421,197
Mundari29,5940.032428,934660
Savara24,9150.027323,5851,330
Tamil15,9300.01751,93513,995
Marathi14,8150.01624,9209,895
Rabha14,3870.015814,242145
Malayalam10,9520.01201,6999,253
Kisan10,2770.011310,2716
Lepcha8,6370.00957,975662
Tibetan8,5000.00932,4906,010
Sindhi7,8280.00862,5715,257
Assamese7,3420.00803,7063,636
Bhumij6,9770.00766,90770
Kharia6,8760.00756,408468
HO6,0550.00665,204851
Malto5,0570.00554,516541
Bhotia4,2930.00471,8732,420
Tamang3,8210.00422,5141,307
Kannada2,1920.00249041,288
Manipuri2,0100.00224931,517
Korwa2,0090.00225761,433


Disability Population in West Bengal

Type of disabilityTotal PersonsCultivatorsAgriculture laborHHIOther workers
Total disabled population685,51698,499195,87848,320342,819
In Seeing161,73024,28144,86811,12381,458
In Hearing126,56718,07035,5999,31963,579
In Speech50,1706,39013,6503,66526,465
In Movement107,72815,39729,7147,88154,736
Mental Retardation30,4464,5039,9402,05813,945
Mental Illness14,6162,1815,4621,1545,819
Any Other161,02822,46644,88210,44883,232
Multiple disability33,2315,21111,7632,67213,585


Districts

As of 2017, West Bengal is divided into 23 districts. The North 24 paraganas is the largest district and Dakshin Dinajpur is the smallest by Population. Kolkata district is bordered by the North 24 Parganas district on the north and on the east, South 24 Parganas district on the south.

DistrictPopulation(2019 est.)Population(2011)Percentage
Darjiling 2,068,4421,846,8232.02
Jalpaiguri 4,337,5883,872,8464.24
Koch Bihar 3,157,3762,819,0863.09
Uttar Dinajpur3,367,9903,007,1343.29
Dakshin Dinajpur1,877,4291,676,2761.84
Maldah 4,467,5063,988,8454.37
Murshidabad 7,956,2647,103,8077.78
Birbhum3,922,6923,502,4043.84
Barddhaman 8,643,6717,717,5638.46
Nadia 5,787,7125,167,6005.66
North Twenty Four Parganas11,210,95510,009,78110.97
Hugli 6,181,4425,519,1456.05
Bankura 4,028,2753,596,6743.94
Puruliya3,281,7292,930,1153.21
Haora 5,432,0324,850,0295.31
Kolkata5,036,2974,496,6944.93
South Twenty Four Parganas9,141,3968,161,9618.94
Paschim Medinipur6,623,0725,913,4576.48
Purba Medinipur5,707,3805,095,8755.58



References

1. http://censusindia.gov.in/
2. https://uidai.gov.in/images/state-wise-aadhaar-saturation.pdf
3. https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/sp.dyn.cdrt.in