World Population

New South Wales Population

New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a southeastern state of Australia, distinguished by its coastal cities and national parks. It borders Victoria to the south, Queensland to the north, and South Australia to the west, the Coral and Tasman Seas to the east. Sydney is the capital city of New South Wales, about 5.3 million people, two-thirds of the NSW population live in the Greater Sydney area. New South Wales population in 2021 is estimated to be 8.2 million. The median age of persons is 38. The state is divided into four areas. New South Wales's three largest cities, Sydney, Newcastle and Wollongong. Coal related products are the biggest export, New South Wales has undergone an increasingly rapid economic and social transformation.


Religions

According to 2016 stats, 4.1 million follows Christianity, 1.8 million relates to no Religion, 267,659 follows Islam, 207,956 follows Buddhism, 181,402 follows Hinduism and 31,737 follows Sikhism.

ReligionPersons
Buddhism207,956
Christianity:
Anglican1,161,810
Assyrian Apostolic10,964
Baptist94,647
Brethren6,533
Catholic1,846,443
Churches of Christ6,623
Eastern Orthodox188,442
Jehovah's Witnesses22,723
Latter-day Saints16,430
Lutheran20,450
Oriental Orthodox26,805
Other Protestant32,412
Pentecostal77,402
Presbyterian and Reformed188,330
Salvation Army15,219
Seventh-day Adventist22,659
Uniting Church217,258
Christianity, nfd165,351
Other Christian7,034
Total4,127,539
Hinduism181,402
Islam267,659
Judaism36,901
Other Religions:
Australian Aboriginal Traditional Religions1,557
Sikhism31,737
Other Religious Groups30,387
Total63,671
Secular Beliefs and Other Spiritual Beliefs and No Religious Affiliation:
No Religion, so described1,879,562
Secular Beliefs19,272
Other Spiritual Beliefs11,291
Total1,910,122
Religious affiliation not stated684,969
Total7,480,228


Ethnic groups

The table below indicates the Indigenous people status in 2016:

Age GroupAboriginal/Torres Strait IslanderNon-IndigenousIndigenous status not statedTotal
0-4 years24,956415,90824,267465,135
5-9 years25,354428,99323,840478,184
10-14 years 23,961397,41621,637443,009
15-19 years22,377402,98123,065448,425
20-24 years18,950440,84429,878489,673
25-29 years15,146477,13634,881527,161
30-34 years12,623494,16833,573540,360
35-39 years10,966460,03528,717499,724
40-44 years 11,918463,35227,897503,169
45-49 years11,793453,10927,539492,440
50-54 years10,628447,29027,626485,546
55-59 years9,067433,45827,198469,726
60-64 years6,866388,29024,890420,044
65 years and over11,5761,123,32282,7411,217,641
Total216,1766,826,286437,7627,480,228
The table below shows the Ancestry by Country of Birth:
Country of BirthPersons
Australian2,261,062
Australian Aboriginal30,849
Chinese514,594
Croatian45,305
Dutch78,231
English2,302,481
Filipino117,356
French44,335
German236,146
Greek132,829
Hungarian24,670
Indian211,927
Irish741,671
Italian272,124
Korean66,613
Lebanese166,591
Macedonian39,630
Maltese69,490
Maori33,159
New Zealander54,623
Polish52,554
Russian31,663
Scottish587,052
Serbian28,657
South African33,358
Spanish48,614
Sri Lankan26,239
Turkish27,502
Vietnamese109,588
Welsh42,611
Other908,989
Ancestry not stated510,541
Total persons7,480,228
The table below shows Country of Birth by persons:
Country of BirthPersons
Afghanistan13,032
Australia4,899,202
Bangladesh24,217
Bosnia and Herzegovina7,095
Cambodia12,439
Canada13,290
Chile13,058
China (excludes SARs and Taiwan)234,508
Croatia15,638
Egypt19,724
England226,564
Fiji33,879
France11,540
Germany29,541
Greece29,481
Hong Kong (SAR of China)42,347
India143,459
Indonesia31,774
Iran23,048
Iraq40,271
Ireland24,038
Italy49,476
Japan14,008
Korea, Republic of (South)51,816
Lebanon57,381
Malaysia31,655
Malta14,481
Mauritius5,731
Myanmar7,128
Nepal32,117
Netherlands16,900
New Zealand117,136
Northern Ireland5,972
Pakistan24,524
Papua New Guinea5,466
Philippines86,749
Poland13,451
Scotland28,579
Singapore12,730
South Africa43,058
South Eastern Europe7,957
Sri Lanka28,732
Taiwan13,493
Thailand26,719
The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia16,501
Turkey12,808
United States of America30,081
Vietnam84,130
Wales7,256
Zimbabwe6,495
Born elsewhere230,985
Country of Birth Not stated508,571
Total7,480,228
Country of Birth of Person by year of Arrival in Australia:
Country of BirthBefore 19461946-19551956-19651966-19751976-19851986-19951996-20052006-20102011-2016Not statedTotal
Canada351154881,5761,4321,6642,6851,8792,98642313,290
China (excludes SARs and Taiwan)(d)2049762,1491,7026,28438,09355,15046,43373,44510,071234,508
Croatia273473,3336,6876271,4962,19314225753615,638
Egypt181,2212,3043,8281,1913,6542,3231,9462,55168919,724
Fiji651304111,2003,66111,2119,0963,7203,3281,05233,879
Germany1917,6055,2663,1842,2921,9233,0332,1272,8281,08729,541
Greece1052,82412,5958,4721,2157275672811,3421,35429,481
Hong Kong (SAR of China)(d)891536222,1246,99715,2557,6062,9865,3761,14242,347
India565356704,0653,40011,61427,48540,15851,4234,047143,459
Indonesia323383959362,6804,6759,2295,1167,53484531,774
Iran625547911,8633,7563,8783,6678,42558223,048
Iraq814991,1641,2594,64511,9797,95812,27287140,271
Ireland613861,2033,3241,6133,3313,5713,9345,95766424,038
Italy4169,12217,50410,7281,7549121,1981,1914,1442,49849,476
Japan121181453568132,3833,6751,9353,81675714,008
Korea, Republic of (South)37264293,7258,88114,14110,31012,1382,15751,816
Lebanon608202,60013,43510,98911,8827,8993,6993,5502,44557,381
Malaysia62918932,6535,2236,9754,9213,6496,1231,07131,655
Malta514,8035,0032,4589123151431146561314,481
Netherlands465,2774,1601,5591,2046611,2238191,36160516,900
New Zealand4728403,0249,94319,82220,10427,36913,35617,0485,176117,136
Pakistan024422737002,3614,5464,48811,49561024,524
Philippines10202051,9339,00325,63516,00013,06518,4602,42086,749
Poland671,3451,0776693,8522,5861,3278171,26244613,451
Singapore51793931,0851,5501,9292,6421,7972,82737512,730
South Africa331277361,9515,7886,90913,0007,4446,22584143,058
Sri Lanka24643501,2461,8167,1446,4234,9816,00668328,732
Thailand34502831,3763,1805,6485,6298,9801,56626,719
The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia20871,4128,2591,5942,2601,30347650457916,501
Turkey920803,8351,9532,3772,0999381,06343112,808
United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man1,61518,02239,37461,68427,84824,94133,37424,68630,1899,154270,877
United States of America482647282,8532,4543,4995,7954,6348,7691,03930,081
Vietnam3245678726,39323,47010,0648,18811,8983,25084,130
Zimbabwe391171676605302,0901,6261,1811126,495
Born elsewhere6648,10413,54843,05937,28255,66365,27554,68389,92713,530381,747
Total4,57863,973121,133208,700201,234316,631368,940288,842424,73273,6962,072,454


Literacy

Primary and secondary schools include government and non-government schools. Schooling is compulsory from before 6 years old until the age of 17. The NSW school system comprises a kindergarten to year 12 system with primary schooling up to year 6 and secondary schooling between years 7 and 12. Age of persons attending an educational institution

Age GroupPersons
0-4 years110,173
5-14 years845,609
15-19 years344,260
20-24 years202,511
25 years and over287,420
Highest year of school completed
Age GroupPersons
Year 12 or equivalent3,176,693
Year 11 or equivalent354,297
Year 10 or equivalent1,316,143
Year 9 or equivalent382,919
Year 8 or below 281,617
Did not go to school61,561


Languages

According to 2016 stats, Language spoken at home are 5.1 million speaks English, 401,448 speaks Chinese language, 236,833 speaks Indian languages, 200,825 people speak Arabic language, 102,896 speak Vietnamese, 24,214 speaks Filipino.

Language spoken at homePersons
Speaks English only5,126,633
Afrikaans7,735
Arabic200,825
Australian Indigenous Languages1,922
Chinese languages:
Cantonese143,333
Mandarin239,945
Other18,169
Total401,448
Croatian21,156
Dutch8,686
French23,743
German23,033
Greek81,683
Indo-Aryan languages:
Bengali31,687
Hindi67,034
Punjabi33,435
Sinhalese11,234
Urdu29,722
Other63,725
Total236,833
Italian75,694
Japanese17,319
Korean59,912
Macedonian28,144
Maltese12,327
Persian (excluding Dari)22,044
Polish14,124
Russian18,763
Samoan16,544
Serbian21,488
Southeast Asian Austronesian languages:
Filipino 24,214
Indonesian30,032
Tagalog45,130
Other5,932
Total105,310
Spanish63,527
Tamil29,681
Thai24,839
Turkish21,620
Vietnamese102,896
Other240,711
Total1,882,015
Language spoken at home not stated471,576
Total7,480,228


The below table structure shows the population by age group:

AgeGroupMalesFemalesPersons
Total persons3,686,0143,794,2177,480,228
Age groups:
0-4 years238,859226,279465,135
5-14 years473,094448,106921,195
15-19 years230,103218,321448,425
20-24 years248,490241,181489,673
25-34 years526,560540,9621,067,524
35-44 years494,264508,6251,002,886
45-54 years478,458499,528977,984
55-64 years433,059456,703889,763
65-74 years330,471346,555677,020
75-84 years170,912202,200373,115
85 years and over61,753105,755167,506
In June 2020, the population of New South Wales was over 8.1 million. According to 2016 Stats, Median age of persons is 38, Median mortgage repayment $1,986 per month, Median total personal income is $664 weekly, Median rent is $380 weekly, Median total family income $1,780, Average number of persons per bedroom is 0.9, Median total household income $1,486 weekly, Average household size is 2.6.
Age GroupMarriedSeparatedDivorcedWidowedNever marriedTotal
15-19 years1,658184215172446,193448,425
20-24 years28,0281,614837347458,849489,673
25-34 years436,29920,85521,5081,390587,4791,067,524
35-44 years630,29041,19368,8044,097258,5061,002,886
45-54 years608,81950,329129,90413,094175,836977,984
55-64 years565,42541,871146,73234,793100,941889,763
65-74 years436,66524,659100,97271,97142,748677,020
75-84 years206,7337,88734,966106,59816,930373,115
85 years and over51,3741,6068,36199,1926,972167,506
Total2,965,285190,199512,297331,6552,094,4576,093,895


Subdivisions of New South Wales

The metropolis of Sydney in New South Wales, Australia, is informally subdivided into a number of geographic regions. These areas sometimes, but not always, roughly coincide with official boundaries of suburbs, local government authorities.

Central City District: including the northwestern local government areas of Blacktown, Cumberland, Parramatta and the Hills Shire.

Eastern City District: including the eastern, central and inner western local government areas of Bayside, Burwood, Canada Bay, City of Sydney, Inner West, Randwick, Strathfield, Waverley and Woollahra.

North District: including the northeastern local government areas of Hornsby, Hunter's Hill, Ku-ring-gai, Lane Cove, Mosman, North Sydney, Northern Beaches, Ryde and Willoughby.

South District: including the southern local government areas of Canterbury-Bankstown, Georges River and Sutherland.

Western City District: including the western local government areas of Blue Mountains, Camden, Campbelltown, Fairfield, Hawkesbury, Liverpool, Penrith and Wollondilly.

AreaTypeArea Sq KmNatural IncreaseNet Overseas Migration2020 Estimated Resident Population
AlburyCity305.920117555,055
Armidale RegionalShire8620.712822829,704
BallinaShire484.9-8112245,217
BalranaldShire21690.71042,306
Bathurst RegionalShire3817.915010243,996
Bega ValleyShire6278.9-454934,727
BellingenShire1600.4-462613,141
BerriganShire2065.82248,784
BlandShire8557.71055,937
BlayneyShire1524.62177,382
Blue MountainsCity1431.118325379,195
BoganShire14599.91642,529
BourkeShire41599.52722,625
BrewarrinaShire19163.5-211,553
Broken HillCity170.1-522417,269
ByronShire565.813421935,773
CabonneShire6022.3151413,677
CarrathoolShire18934.53292,796
Central Coast (NSW)City1681.1656891345,809
Central DarlingShire53492.2471,829
CessnockCity1965.23995361,256
Clarence ValleyShire10428.7-777051,730
CobarShire45579.321104,417
Coffs HarbourCity1173.713632677,648
CoolamonShire2430.91024,291
CoonambleShire9916.1823,907
Cootamundra-Gundagai RegionalShire3981.461111,225
CowraShire2808.8-451112,730
Dubbo RegionalShire7534.535214854,044
DungogShire2250.03239,664
Edward RiverShire8883.43199,083
EurobodallaShire3428.2-1996338,952
FederationShire5685.0-421812,598
ForbesShire4710.11399,920
GilgandraShire4831.515104,229
Glen Innes SevernShire5480.0-2288,873
Goulburn MulwareeShire3220.1608831,554
Greater Hume ShireShire5749.501110,841
GriffithCity1639.215919927,155
GunnedahShire4987.0952112,690
GwydirShire9259.7-1925,299
HayShire11325.9792,943
HilltopsShire7140.9602618,617
InverellShire8597.2583017,780
JuneeShire2030.018286,676
KempseyShire3375.7365229,921
KiamaShire257.7236523,685
KyogleShire3584.2298,788
LachlanShire14964.34536,089
Lake MacquarieCity648.6375380207,775
LeetonShire1167.2382411,343
LismoreCity1287.7819143,667
LithgowCity4512.3-302721,516
Liverpool PlainsShire5082.22357,853
LockhartShire2895.8333,259
MaitlandCity391.562414187,395
Mid-CoastShire10053.9-39812994,395
Mid-Western RegionalShire8752.3683825,367
Moree PlainsShire17906.51011813,077
Murray RiverShire11863.532512,330
MurrumbidgeeShire6880.817113,916
MuswellbrookShire3404.91214016,355
Nambucca ValleyShire1491.3-402319,861
NarrabriShire13015.0381513,049
NarranderaShire4116.3-6175,858
NarromineShire5261.52186,460
NewcastleCity186.83851,198167,363
OberonShire3625.01395,419
OrangeCity284.218211842,503
ParkesShire5957.6252114,728
Port Macquarie-HastingsShire3682.4-19216885,952
Port StephensShire858.45614874,506
Queanbeyan-Palerang RegionalShire5318.955626662,239
Richmond ValleyShire3047.4403223,490
ShellharbourCity147.424614974,622
ShoalhavenCity4566.7-105232107,191
SingletonShire4892.71604323,380
Snowy Monaro RegionalShire15163.5647820,997
Snowy ValleysShire8959.052714,412
Tamworth RegionalShire9884.423222562,545
TemoraShire2802.0-466,274
TenterfieldShire7322.8-3466,470
TweedShire1307.7-5827998,382
Upper Hunter ShireShire8096.1123014,167
Upper Lachlan ShireShire7127.41598,274
UrallaShire3226.5-275,944
Wagga WaggaCity4824.548422265,770
WalchaShire6261.0033,105
WalgettShire22308.43565,828
WarrenShire10753.81352,716
Warrumbungle ShireShire12372.1-22119,209
WeddinShire3414.9-1363,596
WentworthShire26256.23467,090
WingecarribeeShire2689.3-5816951,760
WollondillyShire2555.44317354,005
WollongongCity684.07471,409219,798
Yass ValleyShire3995.3673217,321
Unincorporated NSWUnincorporated93214.232961
City of Sydney
BaysideShire49.91,3703,125181,472
BlacktownCity240.04,3742,905382,831
BurwoodShire7.111696040,866
CamdenShire201.01,480203107,806
Campbelltown (NSW)City311.91,861901174,078
Canada BayShire19.957681096,550
Canterbury-BankstownShire110.23,2433,676380,406
CumberlandShire71.62,7713,600242,674
FairfieldCity101.51,1561,897210,825
Georges RiverShire38.37242,484160,272
HawkesburyCity2775.149110967,749
HornsbyShire455.04171,134152,419
Hunters HillShire5.7-565314,962
Inner WestShire35.41,1262,267201,880
Ku-ring-gaiShire85.482835127,603
Lane CoveShire10.535229240,534
LiverpoolCity305.72,5551,341231,296
MosmanShire8.712723630,785
North SydneyShire10.573270675,094
Northern BeachesShire254.21,1261,851274,041
ParramattaCity83.82,3874,572260,296
PenrithCity404.72,126690216,282
RandwickCity36.37022,699156,619
WaverleyShire9.466184174,276
RydeCity40.57881,822133,224
StrathfieldShire14.03671,02847,767
Sutherland ShireShire333.6902849232,369
SydneyCity26.71,5044,530248,736
The Hills ShireShire386.21,0811,058183,791
WilloughbyCity22.444292381,196
WoollahraShire12.325746859,431


Income Distribution

According to 2016 Australian Bureau stats, Weekly income for the people living in NSW state are 215,643 people earn more than $3,000, 321,562 earn between $2,000 to $2,999, 1.3 million people earn between $1,000 to $2,000, 1.38 people earn between $500 to $1000, 1.44 million people earn between $150 to $500 and 243,659 people earn between $1 to $149.

Income WeeklyPersons
$1-$149 243,659
$150-$299415,486
$300-$399526,570
$400-$499501,698
$500-$649448,014
$650-$799450,649
$800-$999 489,370
$1,000-$1,249 498,807
$1,250-$1,499341,092
$1,500-$1,749290,547
$1,750-$1,999209,058
$2,000-$2,999321,562
$3,000 or more215,643
Personal income not stated542,326
Negative/Nil income599,413
Total6,093,895


History

The original inhabitants of New South Wales were the Aboriginal tribes who believed to be living in Australia from 40,000 to 60,000 years ago. According to history of aboriginal-settlement,Indigenous Australians are Semi-nomadic in practice and have a deep history that making the Aboriginal culture one of the oldest in the world. There were estimates of 250,000 Aboriginal people by the time of European explorers that would become known as New South Wales forming nearly 70 different language groups and tribes. Aboriginal communities lived in harmony with the land consuming the naturally occurring flora and fauna to survive, with the highest population density concentrated on the east coast and along river ways. Clans lived by specific rules and rites which dictated all aspects of everyday life from marriage to what foods they could eat. Tribal warfare was common and before white settlement.

In 1770, The Captain Cook's discover of Australian east coast, the people of Indigenous life was altered forever. By the discovery of large land, Cook declared the land the property of Britain's King George III and considered a suitable place for British penal colony. In 1788 the First Fleet would arrive in Australia, setting up a fledgling colony that would be called New South Wales. This has been huge impact on the lives of Indigenous communities, diseases, dispossession from the land and massacres are the key reasons for reducing he indigenous population in New South Wales. Today Aboriginal Australians account for 2.1 to 2.2% of the New South Wales population and almost 30% of the total indigenous population of Australia. The greatest number of Aboriginal people live in west and south western suburbs of Sydney, the largest concentration of Indigenous communities are found in regional western New South Wales, accounting for just under 20% of the total population in the area. The reconciliation process between Indigenous Australians and those settlers who came following 1788 is a process that will continue in modern day Australia. The Colony of New South Wales was founded as a British penal colony in 1788. During the 19th century, most of the region was detached to form separate British colonies that became the various states and territories of Australia. It would not be until the year 1992, the landmark case of Eddy Mabo that Native Title claims would be formally recognised.


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