Tasmania is an island state of Australia. It is located 240 km to the south of the Australian mainland, separated by Bass Strait. Tasmania population in 2021 is estimated to be 550 thousand, has an area of 90,758 sq km, ranks sixth populous state in Australia. Tasmania is the smallest of Australia's states. Tasmania has a distinctive composition both by birthplace and by ethnic heritage, most of the residents are British descent. Tasmania being known for best scenery and the richest history compared to other states in Australia, It is a mountainous island. Mount Ossa is located in the heart of Cradle Mountain and Lake St Claire national park, and stands tall at 1617 meters. Tasmania has a lot of thick vegetation, some of the eucalypts are the tallest trees and the biggest in their world, the state has remained somewhat less urbanized than its mainland counterparts, Hobart is the capital city of Tasmania, located in the south of the Island. The state got its name to the Dutch explorer Abel Janszoon Tasman, who in 1642 became the first European to discover the island. Tasmania has the oldest and slowest growing population in Australia. The Tasmania Government has set a target to grow the population to 650,000 people by 2050 to improve the standard of living, drive economic growth, create jobs for all Tasmanians. Population growth is a key driver of local economic outcomes, providing demand for locally produced goods and services. There has been an acceleration in population growth in recent years, driven mainly through net migration compared to previous years where it was driven by natural increase. State Government will encourage the return of the Tasmanian diaspora and will invest $2.55 million over four years to facilitate overseas and interstate migration and retain people in Tasmania. Tasmania is the best place in the country to live, work, invest and raise a family.
According to 2016, ABS, Tasmania population by age group:
|85 years and over||4,347||7,413||11,767|
Tasmania As per hobart city, In 2018, Greater Hobart recorded a population of 213,293 persons. The local population expanded by approximately 0.9% per annum between 2001 and 2018, a higher pace of growth than the State (at 0.6% per annum), but a relatively low rate of growth compared to the nation. LGA's which comprise Greater Hobart, Clarence is the most populous and growing city with 26.7% of the Greater Hobart population in 2018. Hobart (25.2%) and Glenorchy (22.3%) are the next most populous cities. Brighton is the smallest local government area by population size within Greater Hobart with just 8.1% of the population. Some of the areas are expanding due to population growth within Greater Hobart has been centred on the Brighton and Kingborough LGAs. Currently population growth in Greater Hobart tends to be stronger than Tasmania, however, the gap between Tasmanian and Greater Hobart population growth rates has been narrowing since 2015 reaching 0.3 percentage points in 2018.
The local population is relatively stable over time. Of the people living in Greater Hobart in 2016, 82.5% lived within the Greater Hobart LGAs in 2011. The highest proportion of persons who moved to Greater Hobart between 2011 and 2016 were from overseas locations, with 4.1% of 2016 residents living overseas in 2011. Growth of this magnitude would suggest a total population for Greater Hobart of approximately 251,000 in 2041. In keeping with historical trends, population growth is anticipated to be stronger in the Brighton and Kingborough LGAs to 2041, though at slower rates than have been recorded previously. Greater Hobart will play a significant role as the gateway of visitation of Tasmania, largely due to the presence of Hobart Airport located in Clarence.
According to 2016 Australia Bureau of Statistics, 49.7% follows Christianity out of these 20.36% are Anglican, 15.5% are Catholics. 37.7% of population do not follow religion, 9.7% has not stated their religion, 0.79% follow Buddhism, 0.5% follow Hinduism, 0.48% Islam, 0.04% Judaism and 0.09% Sikhism.
|Churches of Christ||907|
|Presbyterian and Reformed||10,154|
|Australian Aboriginal Traditional Religions||78|
|Other Religious Groups||1,817|
|Secular Beliefs and Other Spiritual Beliefs and No Religious Affiliation:|
|No Religion, so described||192,515|
|Other Spiritual Beliefs||872|
|Religious affiliation not stated||49,690|
According to 2016 census, out of the total Tasmania population 10.75% are Indigenous people out of these 4.6% have registered their status with census and others not stated. The table below indicates the Indigenous people status in 2016:
|Age Group||Aboriginal/Torres Strait Islander||Non-Indigenous||Indigenous status not stated|
|65 years and over||1,455||89,888||7,404|
|Country||Both parents||Father only||Mother only||Both parents||Birthplace||Total|
|born overseas||born overseas||born overseas||born in Australia||not stated||responses|
|Ancestry not stated||651||202||151||4,909||28,162||34,080|
|Country of Birth||Persons|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||122|
|China (excludes SARs and Taiwan)||3,036|
|Hong Kong (SAR of China)||457|
|Korea, Republic of (South)||594|
|Papua New Guinea||320|
|South Eastern Europe||102|
|The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia||16|
|United States of America||1,630|
|Country of Birth Not stated||37,234|
|Country of Birth||Before 1946||1946-1955||1956-1965||1966-1975||1976-1985||1986-1995||1996-2005||2006-2010||2011-2016||Not stated||Total|
|China (excludes SARs and Taiwan)||8||22||50||23||40||110||316||642||1,654||174||3,036|
|Hong Kong (SAR of China)||4||3||21||36||38||67||58||65||132||40||457|
|Korea, Republic of (South)||0||0||0||10||26||77||114||146||193||39||594|
|The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia||0||0||0||12||0||0||0||0||0||0||16|
|United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man||92||2,222||4,382||7,404||2,444||1,507||1,473||1,079||775||783||22,167|
|United States of America||3||13||53||274||175||190||332||236||310||37||1,630|
State education levels are an important factor in labour supply within the region. Overall people in Greater Hobart are better educated than the State average. The majority of residents in Greater Hobart have completed high school to year 12 with 52.2% of people aged over 15 completing high school, higher than the state average of 42.1%. However, education rates differ considerably within Greater Hobart. Hobart residents are more likely to have completed high school with 71.9%than Brighton, Clarence and Glenorchy which all record completion rates below 50.0%. Higher education rates are higher in Greater Hobart compared to State rankings, the majority of residents aged over 15 years in Greater Hobart do not have a non-school qualification. Approximately 15% of residents hold a Bachelor's degree. Thus depends on socio-economic background between Greater Cities and Rural areas of Tasmania. Below table is the Age of persons attending an educational institution:
|Age of persons||Male||Female||Population|
|25 years and over||6,248||10,401||16,645|
|Highest year of school completed||Male||Female||Population|
|Year 12 or equivalent||74,224||86,545||160,767|
|Year 11 or equivalent||17,199||19,454||36,653|
|Year 10 or equivalent||64,453||63,467||127,918|
|Year 9 or equivalent||17,605||16,999||34,598|
|Year 8 or below||10,381||10,072||20,458|
|Did not go to school||917||935||1,851|
English is the official and more popular language in Tasmania, 88.32% speak English only, followed by 1% Chinese, 0.3% people speak German, 0.23% speak Greek, 0.17% Dutch, 0.16% French 0.16% Arabic. Only 70 people speak Australian Indigenous language, Out of Indian languages 148 speak Bengali, 639 Hindi, 489 Punjabi language.
|Speaks English only||450,411|
|Speaks other language:|
|Australian Indigenous Languages||70|
|Speaks other language:|
|Persian (excluding Dari)||593|
|Southeast Asian Austronesian languages:|
|Language spoken at home not stated||32,262|
According to 2016, ABS, Tasmania population by marital status above 15 years:
|Age Group||Married||Separated||Divorced||Widowed||Never married||Total|
|85 years and over||3,499||108||530||7,143||474||11,767|
Subdivisions of Tasmania
Hobart is the second oldest capital city in Australia. For many years Tasmania had two cities, Hobart and Launceston, Hobart in the south and Launceston in the north east. Hobart's population is growing at almost twice the rate of Tasmania's second largest city, Launceston. Launceston's population is stagnating, it's slow, it's very low growth and it does lose people to other areas of Tasmania Few years ago, Devonport in the north west then attained city status, Burnie in the north west, was also a city. Two suburbs of Hobart, Glenorchy and Clarence, had also acquired city status, so now there are six. Hobart and south-east Tasmania recorded population growth of 1.5 per cent in the recent years. To become a city in Tasmania it should hold the population for designated period and a town must have over 25,000 people.
The metropolitan area is often referred to as Greater Hobart, to differentiate it from the City of Hobart, The councils of Brighton, Clarence, Glenorchy, Hobart and Kingborough are referred as Greater Hobart. Population growth in Greater Hobart has traditionally been stable but recently accelerated. Projections for Greater Hobart suggest population growth will return to slower rates over the coming decades. Population growth in Greater Hobart is centred on the local government areas of Kingborough and Brighton, this trend is anticipated to continue into the future.
|Area||Type||Area Sq.Km||Natural Increase||Net Overseas Migration||2020 Estimated Resident Population|
MONA: The Museum of Old and New Art (MONA) located in Glenorchy, is the largest privately funded museum in the Southern Hemisphere. It is frequently updated and hosts the annual MOFO and Dark MOFO music and arts festivals.
Salamanca Place: Salamanca Place is a precinct of Hobart, consisting of rows of sandstone buildings, formerly warehouses for the port of Hobart Town that have since been converted into restaurants, galleries, craft shops and offices. Once the stomping ground for sailors, whalers and workmen, Salamanca Place in Hobart is now home to a vibrant cultural scene.
Hobart Showgrounds: The Royal Hobart Showgrounds are the site of the Royal Hobart Show and many other smaller events. The Royal Hobart Showground is located 10 km north of Hobart, between the junction to Brooker Highway/Goodwood Road and the Main Road in Glenorchy.
Richmond and Coal Valley Region Clarence: The historic town of Richmond features Australia's oldest stone bridge, dating 1823 as well as several convict heritage and historic buildings. The area surrounding Richmond is the Coal River Valley region. It is a farming area featuring a variety of producers of exquisite Tasmanian produce. Coal River Valley support a number of wineries including Puddle Duck, Pooley Wines and Coal Valley Vineyard.
Heritage Areas and History: Hobart is Australia’s second oldest city and has significant history as one of the oldest colonies in Australia. These sites include world heritage convict sites such as Port Arthur historic site, Hobart Town Hall on Macquarie Street and historic waterfront warehouses.
The River Derwent Greater:The River Derwent travels through Hobart from the Central Highlands at Lake St Clair before ending into Storm Bay. Agriculture, forestry, hydropower generation and fish hatcheries dominate catchment land use. The Derwent is also an important source of water for irrigation and water supply. Most of Hobart's water supply is taken from the lower River Derwent. Nearly 40% of Tasmania's population lives around the estuary's margins and the Derwent is widely used for recreation, boating, recreational fishing, marine transportation and industry.
Kunanyi/Wellington Hobart:Kunanyi/ Mount Wellington is a mountain in the southeast coastal region of Tasmania, Australia. It is the summit of the Wellington Range and is within the Wellington Park reserve. Located at the foothills of the mountain is much of Tasmania's capital city, Hobart. The mountain offers views over Hobart and is a major tourist destination being the second most visited attraction in Tasmania.
Tasmania is a significant tourism destination, which receives over 1.0 million interstate and international visitors per annum. Ensuring adequate and appropriate infrastructure, products and experiences are on offer will assist in retaining these visitors within the region. Activities to attract Tourist activities to Tasmania and Greater Hobart are under the remit of Tourism Tasmania and Destination Southern Tasmania, respectively. This will lead to improve the economy. In recent years, Greater Hobart’s economy has been relatively stable, likely reflecting the level of population growth experienced in the region. The local economy is reliant on population growth and government related industry, with health care and social assistance, public administration and safety, and education and training being the most prominent sectors in terms of both economic activity and employment. Economic diversity could assist and supporting local economic outcomes and improve local economic resilience.
|LGA||2016 Household Income|
Australian Bureau of Statistics
Aboriginal people have lived in Tasmania for around 35,000 years, Tasmania is known to the Aboriginal people as 'Trowunna', 'Trowenna' or 'Loetrouwitter'. Abel Tasman, a Dutch explorer, was the first European to explore Tasmania.
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