World Population

Tasmania Population

Tasmania is an island state of Australia. It is located 240 km to the south of the Australian mainland, separated by Bass Strait. Tasmania population in 2021 is estimated to be 550 thousand, has an area of 90,758 sq km, ranks sixth populous state in Australia. Tasmania is the smallest of Australia's states. Tasmania has a distinctive composition both by birthplace and by ethnic heritage, most of the residents are British descent. Tasmania being known for best scenery and the richest history compared to other states in Australia, It is a mountainous island. Mount Ossa is located in the heart of Cradle Mountain and Lake St Claire national park, and stands tall at 1617 meters. Tasmania has a lot of thick vegetation, some of the eucalypts are the tallest trees and the biggest in their world, the state has remained somewhat less urbanized than its mainland counterparts, Hobart is the capital city of Tasmania, located in the south of the Island. The state got its name to the Dutch explorer Abel Janszoon Tasman, who in 1642 became the first European to discover the island. Tasmania has the oldest and slowest growing population in Australia. The Tasmania Government has set a target to grow the population to 650,000 people by 2050 to improve the standard of living, drive economic growth, create jobs for all Tasmanians. Population growth is a key driver of local economic outcomes, providing demand for locally produced goods and services. There has been an acceleration in population growth in recent years, driven mainly through net migration compared to previous years where it was driven by natural increase. State Government will encourage the return of the Tasmanian diaspora and will invest $2.55 million over four years to facilitate overseas and interstate migration and retain people in Tasmania. Tasmania is the best place in the country to live, work, invest and raise a family.

According to 2016, ABS, Tasmania population by age group:

Age groupsMaleFemalePopulation
Total persons249,478260,482509,965
0-4 years14,54413,92928,469
5-14 years31,68530,05661,739
15-19 years15,96015,11831,078
20-24 years15,28914,57429,865
25-34 years28,33829,69558,034
35-44 years28,59831,22759,830
45-54 years33,89636,15470,050
55-64 years35,07037,08772,160
65-74 years28,07829,30557,381
75-84 years13,67915,92629,604
85 years and over4,3477,41311,767


Cities

Tasmania As per hobart city, In 2018, Greater Hobart recorded a population of 213,293 persons. The local population expanded by approximately 0.9% per annum between 2001 and 2018, a higher pace of growth than the State (at 0.6% per annum), but a relatively low rate of growth compared to the nation. LGA's which comprise Greater Hobart, Clarence is the most populous and growing city with 26.7% of the Greater Hobart population in 2018. Hobart (25.2%) and Glenorchy (22.3%) are the next most populous cities. Brighton is the smallest local government area by population size within Greater Hobart with just 8.1% of the population. Some of the areas are expanding due to population growth within Greater Hobart has been centred on the Brighton and Kingborough LGAs. Currently population growth in Greater Hobart tends to be stronger than Tasmania, however, the gap between Tasmanian and Greater Hobart population growth rates has been narrowing since 2015 reaching 0.3 percentage points in 2018.

The local population is relatively stable over time. Of the people living in Greater Hobart in 2016, 82.5% lived within the Greater Hobart LGAs in 2011. The highest proportion of persons who moved to Greater Hobart between 2011 and 2016 were from overseas locations, with 4.1% of 2016 residents living overseas in 2011. Growth of this magnitude would suggest a total population for Greater Hobart of approximately 251,000 in 2041. In keeping with historical trends, population growth is anticipated to be stronger in the Brighton and Kingborough LGAs to 2041, though at slower rates than have been recorded previously. Greater Hobart will play a significant role as the gateway of visitation of Tasmania, largely due to the presence of Hobart Airport located in Clarence.


Religions

According to 2016 Australia Bureau of Statistics, 49.7% follows Christianity out of these 20.36% are Anglican, 15.5% are Catholics. 37.7% of population do not follow religion, 9.7% has not stated their religion, 0.79% follow Buddhism, 0.5% follow Hinduism, 0.48% Islam, 0.04% Judaism and 0.09% Sikhism.

ReligionsPopulation
Buddhism4,049
Christianity:
Anglican103,839
Baptist7,573
Brethren1,343
Catholic79,454
Churches of Christ907
Eastern Orthodox2,197
Jehovah's Witnesses2,047
Latter-day Saints1,570
Lutheran1,334
Oriental Orthodox200
Other Protestant2,210
Pentecostal5,331
Presbyterian and Reformed10,154
Salvation Army1,528
Seventh-day Adventist1,001
Uniting Church19,341
Christianity, nfd12,799
Other Christian679
Total253,506
Hinduism2,554
Islam2,498
Judaism248
Other Religions:
Australian Aboriginal Traditional Religions78
Sikhism488
Other Religious Groups1,817
Total2,381
Secular Beliefs and Other Spiritual Beliefs and No Religious Affiliation:
No Religion, so described192,515
Secular Beliefs1,646
Other Spiritual Beliefs872
Total195,034
Religious affiliation not stated49,690
Total509,965
Source: Tasmania Government


Ethnic groups

According to 2016 census, out of the total Tasmania population 10.75% are Indigenous people out of these 4.6% have registered their status with census and others not stated. The table below indicates the Indigenous people status in 2016:

Age GroupAboriginal/Torres Strait IslanderNon-IndigenousIndigenous status not stated
0-4 years2,43924,4651,570
5-9 years2,78827,0071,719
10-14 years 2,56625,9891,671
15-19 years2,38127,0111,685
20-24 years1,91626,2151,737
25-29 years1,57725,3801,752
30-34 years1,46326,1731,690
35-39 years1,20525,5561,571
40-44 years 1,23628,4771,784
45-49 years1,38331,1431,985
50-54 years1,18432,2242,129
55-59 years1,12733,9102,343
60-64 years85931,7002,214
65 years and over1,45589,8887,404
Total23,572455,13731,255
Ancestry by Country of Birth of Parents:
CountryBoth parentsFather onlyMother onlyBoth parentsBirthplaceTotal
born overseasborn overseasborn overseasborn in Australianot statedresponses
Australian1,54715,00510,625189,0564,149220,382
Australian Aboriginal063311,549281,669
Chinese5,725191293869637,137
Croatian4861583327118973
Dutch4,4611,4811,0403,2009110,283
English28,79514,64710,230169,0194,383227,074
Filipino1,5474646880212,173
French771141107889261,935
German4,1521,47591211,58327518,391
Greek1,111318124798372,394
Hungarian4602086224216989
Indian2,407158128192152,906
Irish5,0143,0461,88644,84491455,702
Italian2,1701,1193243,6281117,358
Korean5861755455708
Lebanese1656516850329
Macedonian4217416080
Maltese249115442477656
Maori524186132186211,048
New Zealander1,146571441333232,515
Polish1,6905012001,066343,485
Russian50276522039840
Scottish6,8533,4782,35734,18567447,546
Serbian1924212473300
South African817116916331,088
Spanish636855830761,093
Sri Lankan3383014208410
Turkish953017100159
Vietnamese4252925165499
Welsh1,2493141821,228303,009
Other14,8292,6631,8454,43822824,008
Ancestry not stated6512021514,90928,16234,080
Total persons73,75727,09118,595353,44737,073509,965
The table below shows the Ancestry by Country of Birth:
Country of BirthPersons
Afghanistan302
Australia411,492
Bangladesh109
Bosnia and Herzegovina122
Cambodia29
Canada822
Chile194
China (excludes SARs and Taiwan)3,036
Croatia243
Egypt133
England18,776
Fiji252
France337
Germany2,108
Greece480
Hong Kong (SAR of China)457
India1,980
Indonesia336
Iran565
Iraq95
Ireland678
Italy847
Japan413
Korea, Republic of (South)594
Lebanon76
Malaysia1,409
Malta111
Mauritius53
Myanmar295
Nepal811
Netherlands2,193
New Zealand4,977
Northern Ireland330
Pakistan347
Papua New Guinea320
Philippines1,616
Poland579
Scotland2,283
Singapore567
South Africa1,524
South Eastern Europe102
Sri Lanka391
Taiwan311
Thailand609
The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia16
Turkey72
United States of America1,630
Vietnam400
Wales569
Zimbabwe291
Born elsewhere6,441
Country of Birth Not stated37,234
Country of Birth of Person by year of Arrival in Australia:
Country of BirthBefore 19461946-19551956-19651966-19751976-19851986-19951996-20052006-20102011-2016Not statedTotal
Canada312461589611013612012718822
China (excludes SARs and Taiwan)8225023401103166421,6541743,036
Croatia0158682510165312243
Egypt016128572319344133
Fiji03241939544715399252
Germany3541440283247142157117104712,108
Greece3481871233422682527480
Hong Kong (SAR of China)4321363867586513240457
India637381155084214622755501,980
Indonesia0392718152464529411336
Iran00051421305240821565
Iraq060004111954095
Ireland03160162908973589214678
Italy4182376119241918153258847
Japan094817521008211225413
Korea, Republic of (South)00010267711414619339594
Lebanon033242411700076
Malaysia34569283102176153689461,409
Malta0372822864005111
Netherlands3827615190213831244727562,193
New Zealand30531876731,0839739144004752004,977
Pakistan033347165324313347
Philippines00526192312282331403741,616
Poland0107733314810532282620579
Singapore10528422637875625422567
South Africa3979107190210353352182301,524
Sri Lanka0412192442388015015391
Thailand0008236312517119023609
The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia0001200000016
Turkey000181017986072
United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man922,2224,3827,4042,4441,5071,4731,07977578322,167
United States of America31353274175190332236310371,630
Vietnam00084034406321016400
Zimbabwe03131752357363313291
Born elsewhere173976689985597491,0891,4572,9263619,222
Total1994,6337,59111,1396,0755,3746,5646,62210,7672,28661,240


Literacy

State education levels are an important factor in labour supply within the region. Overall people in Greater Hobart are better educated than the State average. The majority of residents in Greater Hobart have completed high school to year 12 with 52.2% of people aged over 15 completing high school, higher than the state average of 42.1%. However, education rates differ considerably within Greater Hobart. Hobart residents are more likely to have completed high school with 71.9%than Brighton, Clarence and Glenorchy which all record completion rates below 50.0%. Higher education rates are higher in Greater Hobart compared to State rankings, the majority of residents aged over 15 years in Greater Hobart do not have a non-school qualification. Approximately 15% of residents hold a Bachelor's degree. Thus depends on socio-economic background between Greater Cities and Rural areas of Tasmania. Below table is the Age of persons attending an educational institution:

Age of personsMaleFemalePopulation
0-4 years2,2512,1884,448
5-14 years28,91327,38956,305
15-19 years11,25411,06622,320
20-24 years4,3004,6318,931
25 years and over6,24810,40116,645
Below table is the highest year of school completed:
Highest year of school completedMaleFemalePopulation
Year 12 or equivalent74,22486,545160,767
Year 11 or equivalent17,19919,45436,653
Year 10 or equivalent64,45363,467127,918
Year 9 or equivalent17,60516,99934,598
Year 8 or below 10,38110,07220,458
Did not go to school9179351,851


Languages

English is the official and more popular language in Tasmania, 88.32% speak English only, followed by 1% Chinese, 0.3% people speak German, 0.23% speak Greek, 0.17% Dutch, 0.16% French 0.16% Arabic. Only 70 people speak Australian Indigenous language, Out of Indian languages 148 speak Bengali, 639 Hindi, 489 Punjabi language.

LanguagePopulation
Speaks English only450,411
Speaks other language:
Afrikaans375
Arabic829
Australian Indigenous Languages 70
Chinese languages:
Cantonese972
Mandarin3,971
Other275
Total Chinese5,223
Croatian270
Dutch903
French820
German1,576
Greek1,191
Indo-Aryan languages:
Bengali148
Hindi639
Punjabi489
Sinhalese222
Urdu291
Other1,833
Speaks other language:
Italian1,096
Japanese601
Korean506
Macedonian18
Maltese19
Persian (excluding Dari)593
Polish685
Russian317
Samoan49
Serbian127
Southeast Asian Austronesian languages:
Filipino 321
Indonesian253
Tagalog617
Other268
Spanish936
Tamil306
Thai490
Turkish88
Vietnamese442
Other4,689
Language spoken at home not stated32,262
Total509,965


Population projection

Year20152020203020402050
Population515,000530,000570,000600,000650,000
As per the projected table Tasmania has already achieved more than the projected population of 545 thousand by 2020, Policies are relaxed to some extent as Migrants to Tasmania arrive on all visa types, skilled, humanitarian, temporary, permanent resident etc. The benefits of migration are great and many, and can vary according to the region migrants settle, the skills they bring and their backgrounds, the local economy and the existing population.


According to 2016, ABS, Tasmania population by marital status above 15 years:

Age GroupMarriedSeparatedDivorcedWidowedNever marriedTotal
15-19 years692691630,95431,078
20-24 years1,410122373128,26629,865
25-34 years19,8621,4021,18612835,45558,034
35-44 years31,8492,9754,78035819,86059,830
45-54 years39,1894,14011,1391,08914,49370,050
55-64 years44,3883,40913,6332,8957,82672,160
65-74 years36,9781,9389,1186,2833,06557,381
75-84 years16,1095442,8339,0231,10429,604
85 years and over3,4991085307,14347411,767
Total193,36014,67743,27026,966141,489419,752


Subdivisions of Tasmania

Hobart is the second oldest capital city in Australia. For many years Tasmania had two cities, Hobart and Launceston, Hobart in the south and Launceston in the north east. Hobart's population is growing at almost twice the rate of Tasmania's second largest city, Launceston. Launceston's population is stagnating, it's slow, it's very low growth and it does lose people to other areas of Tasmania Few years ago, Devonport in the north west then attained city status, Burnie in the north west, was also a city. Two suburbs of Hobart, Glenorchy and Clarence, had also acquired city status, so now there are six. Hobart and south-east Tasmania recorded population growth of 1.5 per cent in the recent years. To become a city in Tasmania it should hold the population for designated period and a town must have over 25,000 people.

The metropolitan area is often referred to as Greater Hobart, to differentiate it from the City of Hobart, The councils of Brighton, Clarence, Glenorchy, Hobart and Kingborough are referred as Greater Hobart. Population growth in Greater Hobart has traditionally been stable but recently accelerated. Projections for Greater Hobart suggest population growth will return to slower rates over the coming decades. Population growth in Greater Hobart is centred on the local government areas of Kingborough and Brighton, this trend is anticipated to continue into the future.

AreaTypeArea Sq.KmNatural IncreaseNet Overseas Migration2020 Estimated Resident Population
Break O'DayRural3523.9-4146,346
BrightonRural171.22082418,123
BurnieRural611465819,701
Central CoastRural933.1-454622,157
Central HighlandsRural7,982.41402,166
Circular HeadRural489836368,152
ClarenceCity37820329258,729
Derwent ValleyRural4108.1131810,518
DevonportCity111.32310925,747
DorsetRural3230.5-5196,685
FlindersRural1,996.6-401,004
George TownRural653.4-16287,117
Glamorgan/Spring BayRural2591.6-23224,750
GlenorchyCity121.121541447,963
HobartCity77.9601,12255,250
Huon ValleyRural5507.4498817,966
KentishRural1,156.23306,393
King IslandRural1,095.7551,612
KingboroughCity720.115622938,628
LatrobeRural600.5243811,961
LauncestonCity1,413.617078868,813
Meander ValleyTown3,330.8376520,037
Northern MidlandsRural5,135.3182913,598
SorellTown583.8794716 030
Southern MidlandsRural2,615.52856,400
TasmanRural660.4-1642,479
Waratah/WynyardTown3,535.9-103113,900
West CoastRural9,583.50144,132
West TamarCity691.15010324,423

MONA: The Museum of Old and New Art (MONA) located in Glenorchy, is the largest privately funded museum in the Southern Hemisphere. It is frequently updated and hosts the annual MOFO and Dark MOFO music and arts festivals.

Salamanca Place: Salamanca Place is a precinct of Hobart, consisting of rows of sandstone buildings, formerly warehouses for the port of Hobart Town that have since been converted into restaurants, galleries, craft shops and offices. Once the stomping ground for sailors, whalers and workmen, Salamanca Place in Hobart is now home to a vibrant cultural scene.

Hobart Showgrounds: The Royal Hobart Showgrounds are the site of the Royal Hobart Show and many other smaller events. The Royal Hobart Showground is located 10 km north of Hobart, between the junction to Brooker Highway/Goodwood Road and the Main Road in Glenorchy.

Richmond and Coal Valley Region Clarence: The historic town of Richmond features Australia's oldest stone bridge, dating 1823 as well as several convict heritage and historic buildings. The area surrounding Richmond is the Coal River Valley region. It is a farming area featuring a variety of producers of exquisite Tasmanian produce. Coal River Valley support a number of wineries including Puddle Duck, Pooley Wines and Coal Valley Vineyard.

Heritage Areas and History: Hobart is Australia’s second oldest city and has significant history as one of the oldest colonies in Australia. These sites include world heritage convict sites such as Port Arthur historic site, Hobart Town Hall on Macquarie Street and historic waterfront warehouses.

The River Derwent Greater:The River Derwent travels through Hobart from the Central Highlands at Lake St Clair before ending into Storm Bay. Agriculture, forestry, hydropower generation and fish hatcheries dominate catchment land use. The Derwent is also an important source of water for irrigation and water supply. Most of Hobart's water supply is taken from the lower River Derwent. Nearly 40% of Tasmania's population lives around the estuary's margins and the Derwent is widely used for recreation, boating, recreational fishing, marine transportation and industry.

Kunanyi/Wellington Hobart:Kunanyi/ Mount Wellington is a mountain in the southeast coastal region of Tasmania, Australia. It is the summit of the Wellington Range and is within the Wellington Park reserve. Located at the foothills of the mountain is much of Tasmania's capital city, Hobart. The mountain offers views over Hobart and is a major tourist destination being the second most visited attraction in Tasmania.


Income Distribution

Tasmania is a significant tourism destination, which receives over 1.0 million interstate and international visitors per annum. Ensuring adequate and appropriate infrastructure, products and experiences are on offer will assist in retaining these visitors within the region. Activities to attract Tourist activities to Tasmania and Greater Hobart are under the remit of Tourism Tasmania and Destination Southern Tasmania, respectively. This will lead to improve the economy. In recent years, Greater Hobart’s economy has been relatively stable, likely reflecting the level of population growth experienced in the region. The local economy is reliant on population growth and government related industry, with health care and social assistance, public administration and safety, and education and training being the most prominent sectors in terms of both economic activity and employment. Economic diversity could assist and supporting local economic outcomes and improve local economic resilience.

LGA2016 Household Income
Brighton$1,341
Clarence$1,608
Glenorchy$1,270
Hobart$1,835
Kingborough$1,663
Greater Hobart$1,576
Tasmania$1,413
Australia$1,802
Median age of persons is 42, Median mortgage repayment is $1,300 per month, Median total personal income is $573 weekly, Median rent is $230 weekly, Median total family income is $1,399 weekly, Average number of persons per bedroom is 0.8 persons, Median total household income is $1,100 per week, Average household size is 2.3.
References:
Tasmania Government
Hobart City
Australian Bureau of Statistics


History

Aboriginal people have lived in Tasmania for around 35,000 years, Tasmania is known to the Aboriginal people as 'Trowunna', 'Trowenna' or 'Loetrouwitter'. Abel Tasman, a Dutch explorer, was the first European to explore Tasmania.


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