World Population

Western Australia Population

Western Australia (abbreviated as WA) is the western state of Australia, borders Indian Ocean to the north and west, the Northern Territory to the north-east, and South Australia to the south-east, and the Southern Ocean to the south. Western Australia population in 2021 is estimated to be 2.68 million, is Australia's largest state, with a total land area of 2,527,013 sq. km. (975,685 sq miles). Western Australia occupies 32.9%, roughly one-third of the total area of the continent. The population of Western Australia, which accounts for roughly one-tenth of the country's inhabitants. Perth is the capital city of WA, initially called as Swan River settlement was later renamed as Perth. By 1832, the British settler population of the colony had reached around 1,500, and the official name of the colony was changed to Western Australia. Western Australia is divided into 139 Local Government Areas, including Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands. Whaling was an early mainstay of the Western Australian economy abandoned in the 1970s.

According to 2016 Western Australia Census by Age group:

Age groupsMaleFemalePopulation
0-4 years83,15578,574161,727
5-14 years161,574153,378314,955
15-19 years77,11272,882149,997
20-24 years82,56377,777160,332
25-34 years190,956188,224379,178
35-44 years173,520171,523345,038
45-54 years168,121166,831334,959
55-64 years138,950143,084282,042
65-74 years98,758100,911199,669
75-84 years47,85956,237104,095
85 years and over15,84626,57942,420
Total persons1,238,4191,235,9942,474,410


Religions

At the 2016 census, 49.77% of respondents identified as Christian, out of these Catholicism (21.4%) and Anglicanism (14.3%), Uniting Church (2.29%). 32.5% as having no religion. 10.35% chose not to state a religion. Other minor religions are Hinduism (1.57%), Islam (2.05%), Judaism (0.22%), Sikhism (0.48%) and Australian Aboriginal Traditional Religions are 0.05%.

ReligionsPopulation
Buddhism52,830
Christianity:
Anglican354,790
Assyrian Apostolic33
Baptist42,116
Brethren1,785
Catholic530,361
Churches of Christ7,493
Eastern Orthodox23,711
Jehovah's Witnesses11,089
Latter-day Saints6,799
Lutheran7,927
Oriental Orthodox2,726
Other Protestant16,521
Pentecostal26,195
Presbyterian and Reformed44,788
Salvation Army4,383
Seventh-day Adventist7,112
Uniting Church56,688
Christianity, nfd83,670
Other Christian3,408
Total1,231,600
Hinduism38,739
Islam50,649
Judaism5,427
Other Religions:
Australian Aboriginal Traditional Religions1,116
Sikhism11,897
Other Religious Groups10,019
Total23,031
Secular Beliefs and Other Spiritual Beliefs and No Religious Affiliation:
No Religion, so described804,268
Secular Beliefs7,525
Other Spiritual Beliefs4,342
Total816,144
Religious affiliation not stated255,987
Total2,474,410


Ethnic groups

The table below indicates the Indigenous people status:

Age GroupAboriginal/Torres Strait IslanderNon-IndigenousIndigenous status not statedTotal
0-4 years8,409143,9399,388161,727
5-9 years8,658146,7468,747164,153
10-14 years 8,309134,6997,795150,806
15-19 years7,418134,7697,810149,997
20-24 years6,654143,17710,501160,332
25-29 years6,139164,38514,383184,908
30-34 years5,312174,70814,250194,267
35-39 years4,442157,00711,592173,041
40-44 years 4,418156,31111,268171,996
45-49 years4,275157,01011,231172,520
50-54 years3,617148,02510,793162,438
55-59 years2,947136,84310,105149,899
60-64 years2,188121,2288,724132,145
65 years and over3,192318,68324,309346,185
Total75,9782,237,541160,8912,474,410
At the 2016 census, the most commonly nominated ancestries are Australians including initial settlers are 30.72%, 37.63% are English, 9.07% are Irish, 8.65% are Scottish, 4.97% are Italians, 4.19% are Chinese, 2.95% are Germans, 2.78% are Indians, 1.17% are South African, 1.43% are Filipino, 1.9% are Dutch. Out of Indigenous population 9.57% are Aboriginal/Torres Strait Islander and some are Indigenous status not stated. The table below shows the Ancestry by Country of Birth:
Country of BirthPersons
Australian760,032
Australian Aboriginal
(only some included)
20,718
Chinese103,677
Croatian18,573
Dutch47,039
English931,150
Filipino35,456
French15,599
German73,062
Greek15,107
Hungarian4,989
Indian68,796
Irish224,372
Italian122,943
Korean8,330
Lebanese3,142
Macedonian9,853
Maltese4,554
Maori27,451
New Zealander31,800
Polish20,731
Russian6,000
Scottish214,154
Serbian6,487
South African28,984
Spanish11,389
Sri Lankan8,064
Turkish2,427
Vietnamese21,687
Welsh22,091
Other266,823
Ancestry not stated188,302
Total persons2,474,410
The table below shows Country of Birth by persons:
Country of BirthPersons
Afghanistan5,120
Australia1,492,859
Bangladesh2,578
Bosnia and Herzegovina2,673
Cambodia1,256
Canada5,431
Chile1,618
China (excludes SARs and Taiwan)27,081
Croatia4,555
Egypt2,211
England194,163
Fiji1,328
France3,818
Germany10,958
Greece2,307
Hong Kong (SAR of China)6,129
India49,385
Indonesia11,394
Iran5,815
Iraq3,432
Ireland18,036
Italy19,210
Japan4,291
Korea, Republic of (South)6,865
Lebanon1,099
Malaysia29,126
Malta898
Mauritius4,605
Myanmar8,704
Nepal2,622
Netherlands9,133
New Zealand79,221
Northern Ireland4,161
Pakistan5,437
Papua New Guinea2,031
Philippines30,835
Poland5,573
Scotland26,058
Singapore14,987
South Africa41,008
South Eastern Europe2,090
Sri Lanka7,796
Taiwan4,670
Thailand7,806
The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia3,058
Turkey1,198
United States of America9,301
Vietnam15,845
Wales6,423
Zimbabwe11,649
Born elsewhere72,704
Country of Birth Not stated183,857
Total2,474,410
Country of Birth of Person by year of Arrival in Australia:
Country of BirthBefore 19461946-19551956-19651966-19751976-19851986-19951996-20052006-20102011-2016Not statedTotal
Canada9191436575656901,1059211,1791465,431
China (excludes SARs and Taiwan)2345671244132,1784,2828,09410,6021,25927,081
Croatia632231,0881,1601954659771081471334,555
Egypt318321623592260304277584532,211
Fiji8134788144232165266309481,328
Germany242,2599381,1991,4969281,2481,3531,22230710,958
Greece43501740490122785543167842,307
Hong Kong (SAR of China)922713306701,1281,1458131,6422906,129
India416675093,9851,1692,5924,82216,56517,6271,40149,385
Indonesia241761051835281,5573,4932,2932,73429511,394
Iran01012383386649669772,6601525,815
Iraq031423232761,2446671,0451273,432
Ireland202664581,7561,2102,5581,4683,3596,50043418,036
Italy1944,7665,8383,1976733664795832,11399619,210
Japan03132631245241,2357911,2312584,291
Korea, Republic of (South)000262823831,1121,8742,7574226,865
Lebanon31231195177251161108116431,099
Malaysia69844771,9083,5306,2924,5644,9446,39586629,126
Malta4243228191705232322421898
Netherlands173,4381,2539019134516855566382819,133
New Zealand541466704,0399,90612,93313,70015,43819,3472,97279,221
Pakistan021361141002215491,2253,0301445,437
Philippines013131451,2762,4502,3339,77114,02480730,835
Poland114902142071,7521,2993984156351505,573
Singapore55882721,0961,6522,4033,7322,6082,70737914,987
South Africa12493488872,9343,63710,71713,1168,66065141,008
Sri Lanka141191073893621,0131,0181,9532,6451857,796
Thailand069814879511,3912,2482,3123317,806
The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia111301699023766713611881561003,058
Turkey014913289191316188228391,198
United Kingdom, Channel Islands and Isle of Man6837,71618,42456,81527,02828,35329,19130,56527,9246,349233,047
United States of America7772391,0778881,1261,6591,4852,4133259,301
Vietnam079904,1544,1511,6962,0732,98069615,845
Zimbabwe0111071431,2451,0652,8613,7812,25817211,649
Born elsewhere1201,8582,97710,5526,91312,80619,58423,16930,6023,667112,249
Total1,50723,72335,86193,42771,89495,176119,055152,870179,59124,594797,695


Literacy

Below table is the Age of persons attending an educational institution:

Age of personsMaleFemalePopulation
0-4 years16,25615,59831,855
5-14 years147,521140,024287,550
15-19 years55,13355,039110,170
20-24 years25,88827,35153,236
25 years and over33,60552,92086,529
Below table is the highest year of school completed:
Highest year of school completedMaleFemalePopulation
Year 12 or equivalent497,342536,3111,033,650
Year 11 or equivalent101,09097,781198,873
Year 10 or equivalent211,897200,051411,944
Year 9 or equivalent47,07042,52789,594
Year 8 or below 31,35632,88764,236
Did not go to school5,7906,51512,301
269,300


Languages

English is the major language spoken in the vast majority of households in Western Australia with around 1.86 million speakers. The next largest language communities are Chinese, Italian, Spanish and Vietnamese. Australian Aboriginal languages are spoken by 10,251 people. There are tiny fractions of population who speak Dutch, French, German, Greek and Indian languages like Hindi, Bengali, Tamail and Punjabi.

LanguagePopulation
Speaks English only1,861,041
Speaks other language:
Afrikaans14,208
Arabic14,132
Australian Indigenous Languages 10,251
Chinese languages:
Cantonese19,339
Mandarin47,840
Other4,349
Total71,533
Croatian5,556
Dutch5,100
French9,597
German9,320
Greek4,790
Indo-Aryan languages:
Bengali3,263
Hindi10,747
Punjabi12,223
Sinhalese4,939
Urdu5,368
Other12,130
Speaks other language:
Italian29,401
Japanese5,859
Korean7,107
Macedonian5,849
Maltese387
Persian (excluding Dari)6,703
Polish5,978
Russian3,218
Samoan943
Serbian5,038
Southeast Asian Austronesian languages:
Filipino 10,317
Indonesian10,934
Tagalog15,268
Other7,621
Total44,131
Spanish10,415
Tamil6,888
Thai6,403
Turkish1,727
Vietnamese20,247
Other81,895
Language spoken at home not stated178,037
Total2,474,410


Income Distribution

Western Australia's economy is largely driven by a diverse range of mineral and petroleum commodities. The WA economy model is closely linked to natural resources. Median age of persons is 36, Median mortgage repayment is $1,993 monthly, Median total personal income is $724 weekly, Median rent is $347 weekly, Median total family income is $1,910 weekly, Average number of persons per bedroom is 0.8, Median total household income is $1,595 weekly, Average household size is 2.6.


History

Indigenous Australians are the oldest inhabitants living around 40,000 to 60,000 years, they were long established throughout Western Australia by the time European explorers began to arrive in the early 17th century. When the first permanent European settlers arrived at Perth in 1829, from then Europeans immigrants started to move this region and settle permanently because of large vacant lands and mining boom in the Goldfields region, resulted in a sharp population increase. Aboriginal communities were decimated by shooting, poisoning, starvation, and disease. In 1920 there was a another wave of immigrants where British encouraged farmers to settle the southwest, increased awareness of Australia's western third as a destination for colonists. Due to this, Western Australia population developed at a faster rate during the twentieth century than it had previously. After World War II, all the Australian states including Western Australia received large numbers of Italians, Croatians and Macedonians.


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