World Population

Prince Edward Island Population

Prince Edward Island (PEI or P.E.I.), also called the Island, one of the Maritime Provinces of Canada, Northumberland Strait to the south and west separates the island from the mainland provinces of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick. Prince Edward Island is one of eastern Canada's maritime provinces, off New Brunswick and Nova Scotia in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. According to statcan, Prince Edward Island population in 2021 is estimated to be 160,536 people, ranks tenth populous province, It is the smallest province in terms of land area and population, covers 5,660 sq.km (2,190 sq mi), with area rank of thirteen in Canada. PEI also sometimes referred to as Spud Island because of its significant potato production. The large island is marked by red-sand beaches, lighthouses, and fertile farmland, and is renowned for seafood like lobster and mussels. Charlottetown is the capital of Prince Edward Island, Named after Queen Charlotte, population estimated to be 40,500 people.

According to 2016 census, the population is 142,907, an increase of 2703 from the 2011 census of 140,204 people with the percent change of 1.9. Average size of census families is 2.8 and the population age group of 0 to 14 years is 22,685, 15 to 64 years is 92510, 65 years and over is 27715, 85 years and over is 3080. Regarding the knowledge of Official Language, 121,815 people speak English only, 120 people speak French only, 17,835 speak both English and French and 1,250 speak neither English nor French. Median total income of economic families in 2015 is $76,607.

Age GroupTotalMaleFemale
0 to 4 years70053,6453,360
5 to 9 years79053,9853,920
10 to 14 years77753,9453,830
15 to 19 years86504,4354,215
20 to 24 years86154,3904,230
25 to 29 years76503,7053,945
30 to 34 years77603,7404,025
35 to 39 years81753,8854,295
40 to 44 years88204,2354,585
45 to 49 years95604,6504,915
50 to 54 years112505,4305,825
55 to 59 years113355,4155,915
60 to 64 years106905,2155,475
65 to 69 years99404,8305,110
70 to 74 years66253,1703,455
75 to 79 years46952,1802,515
80 to 84 years33701,4401,930
85 to 89 years18957151,180
90 to 94 years905260645
95 to 99 years25040205
100 years and over30525
Immigration opportunities, PEI offers Prince Edward Island Provincial Nominee Program, Students come to PEI from more than 60 countries to experience first-rate education. Higher education programs are meeting the demands for a skilled workforce with industry-specific programs and degrees in diverse fields, also and rewarding career opportunities and a business community that is supportive of entrepreneurs. Currently priority will be given to entrepreneurs and to individuals qualified to work in areas with identified skill shortages in the PEI labour market. Unlike previous immigration waves, immigrants are dominated from European region, but with the current flexible policies there are many new immigrants from China, Taiwan and South Korea.


Ethnic groups

Out of total visible minority population of 6,640, 2565 people are Chinese, 825 are Blacks, 670 are Filipinos, 255 are Latin Americans, 585 are Arabs, 150 are from Southeast Asians, 215 are West Asian, 210 are Korean and 110 are Japanese.

ResidentsPopulationMaleFemale
Canadian citizens133,65064,80568,845
Canadian citizens aged under 182641513,44012,975
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over10724051,36555,875
Not Canadian citizens60353,0902,940
People up to third generation are officially termed as non-immigrants and thereon the people inflow is termed as immigrants. Below table indicates Ontario immigration numbers per year:
ImmigrantsPopulationMaleFemale
Residents TypePopulationMaleFemale
Non-immigrants129,40562,79566,610
Immigrants89404,3754,565
Before 198124651,1901,275
1981 to 1990560240325
1991 to 2000665325340
2001 to 20101890950935
2001 to 2005555300255
2006 to 20101335655680
2011 to 201633601,6701,690
Non-permanent residents1340730610
Age at ImmigrationPopulation
Under 5 years1065
5 to 14 years1895
15 to 24 years1410
25 to 44 years3655
45 years and over915
The state officially categorizes its population into six groups, they are Native American/Alaskan Native, Pacific Islander, African American, European Whites, Asian, and Native Hawaiian. Below table is the Immigrants by selected place of birth:
Place of BirthPopulation
Americas1,545
Brazil20
Colombia55
El Salvador0
Guyana0
Haiti25
Jamaica25
Mexico20
Peru20
Trinidad and Tobago20
United States1,200
Other places of birth in Americas150
Europe3020
Bosnia and Herzegovina35
Croatia20
France55
Germany260
Greece15
Hungary60
Ireland50
Italy60
Netherlands470
Poland55
Portugal70
Romania15
Russian Federation80
Serbia30
Ukraine45
United Kingdom1370
Other places of birth in Europe335
Africa340
Algeria0
Egypt70
Ethiopia0
Kenya0
Morocco15
Nigeria70
Somalia10
South Africa, Republic of65
Other places of birth in Africa110
Asia4010
Afghanistan0
Bangladesh15
China1830
Hong Kong100
India220
Iran230
Iraq20
Japan45
Korea, South100
Lebanon95
Pakistan50
Philippines480
Sri Lanka40
Syria205
Taiwan80
Viet Nam55
Other places of birth in Asia430
Oceania and other places of birth30


Languages

Language spoken at Home:

Language Spoken at HomePopulation
English132,670
French2,260
Non-official languages4570
Aboriginal languages5
Algonquian languages5
Eastern Algonquian languages5
Non-Aboriginal languages4,565
Afro-Asiatic languages435
Cushitic languages30
Somali30
Semitic languages405
Arabic395
Hebrew15
Austro-Asiatic languages100
Vietnamese95
Austronesian languages235
Cebuano5
Ilocano5
Malay5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)230
Dravidian languages65
Kannada10
Malayalam45
Tamil5
Telugu5
Indo-European languages1,115
Albanian45
Balto-Slavic languages180
Slavic languages180
Bosnian25
Bulgarian5
Croatian5
Polish20
Russian85
Serbian10
Serbo-Croatian10
Slovene (Slovenian)5
Ukrainian20
Celtic languages5
Scottish Gaelic5
Welsh5
Germanic languages205
Afrikaans5
Danish5
Dutch75
Frisian10
German95
Swedish5
Greek5
Indo-Iranian languages460
Indo-Aryan languages320
Bengali25
Gujarati5
Hindi15
Nepali170
Punjabi (Panjabi)60
Sinhala (Sinhalese)25
Urdu20
Iranian languages140
Persian (Farsi)140
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e.5
Italic (Romance) languages210
Italian15
Portuguese25
Romanian10
Spanish165
Japanese40
Korean80
Niger-Congo languages15
Rundi (Kirundi)5
Shona5
Swahili5
Sign languages15
American Sign Language5
Sign languages, n.i.e15
Sino-Tibetan languages2,395
Chinese languages2,370
Cantonese115
Mandarin1,925
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese)15
Wu (Shanghainese)40
Chinese, n.o.s.270
Chinese languages, n.i.e.5
Tibeto-Burman languages25
Burmese20
Karenic languages10
Tai-Kadai languages10
Thai10
Turkic languages10
Turkish15
Uralic languages40
Estonian5
Hungarian35


Income Distribution

Income RangePopulation
Under $10,00014,850
$10,000 to $19,99922520
$20,000 to $29,99923180
$30,000 to $39,99919995
$40,000 to $49,99913485
$50,000 to $59,9998060
$60,000 to $69,9994975
$70,000 to $79,9992435
$80,000 and over3990
$80,000 to $89,9991355
$90,000 to $99,999825
$100,000 and over1810

Reference Canada Stats


History

Mi'kmaq First Nations (Native Americans or Indians) continue to inhabit Prince Edward Island. More than three-fourths of current Islanders population are descendants of early settlers from the British. The most common family name remains MacDonald. Many original settlement patterns can still be traced in place-names and family names. Other ancestral strains include several hundred British loyalists, who settled on the island after the American Revolution, and about 30 Acadian families, recorded in the census of 1765, who were the originates of several thousand French speaking residents. A wave of Syrian and Lebanese immigrants settled on the island in the late 19th century. Since 1945 a number of Dutch farming families, looking for fertile but inexpensive land, as well as a sprinkling of other western Europeans, Americans, and Latin Americans, have settled on Prince Edward Island.


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