World Population

Quebec Population

Quebec is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Central Canada, borders with Ontario to the southwest, Newfoundland and Labrador to the northeast, and New Brunswick to the southeast, and the U.S. states of New York, Vermont, Maine and New Hampshire to the south. According to Statcan, Quebec population in 2021 is estimated to be 8.6 million, the second-largest by population in Canada and largest province by area being 1,542,056 sq. km (595,391 sq. mi). French is Quebec official language and 94.6% of the province's population reports knowledge of French. Quebec City is the capital of Quebec province, celebrated its 400th anniversary as a city in 2008. The location become Quebec City was officially discovered by the French explorer Jacques Cartier, built a fort there in 1535 and a permanent settlement in 1541. Located in the eastern part of Canada, and part of Central Canada, Quebec occupies a territory nearly three times the size of France or Texas, most of which is very sparsely populated. The French settlers who settled in New France came largely from the western and northern provinces of France.


Ethnic groups

The aboriginal peoples that were Quebec's early inhabitants are usually classified into three main linguistic groups, the Algonquian, the Inuit, and the Iroquoian(Mohawk). Indian and Inuit. The 2016 census counted a total North American Aboriginal origins population of 359,430 (4.4 percent) including 289,610 North American Indians (3.55 percent), 17,175 Métis (0.21 percent), and 61,260 Inuit (0.75 percent). Other North American origins 485,0145 (59.41 percent), out of these European origins (23.01%), French origins (22.91%), French (9.13%), British Isles origins (6.90%), Asian origins (6.73%), African origins (4%) and Southern European origins (5.47%). The majority Ethnic origin for the population, country wise are Irish (4.69%), English (2.76%), Scottish (2.47%), Haitian (1.74%), German (1.49%), Chinese (1.17%), Moroccan (1.05%), Spanish (0.97%), Polish (0.96%), Lebanese (0.87%), Greek (0.85%), Portuguese (0.74%), Algerian (0.68%), Russian (0.65%), Romanian (0.63%), East Indian (0.63%), Belgian (0.57%), Vietnamese (0.52%), Ukrainian (0.47%), Filipino (0.42%), Colombian (0.41%), Hungarian (0.34%), Syrian (0.34%), Armenian (0.33%), Mexican (0.32%), Dutch (0.31%) and Iranian (0.31%).

North American Aboriginal origins359,430
First Nations (North American Indian)289,610
Inuit17,175
Métis61,260
Other North American origins4,850,145
Acadian34,785
American45,050
Canadian4,647,840
New Brunswicker750
Newfoundlander570
Nova Scotian365
Ontarian1,345
Québécois184,005
Other North American origins; n.i.e.205
European origins3,037,890
British Isles origins745,715
Channel Islander1,440
Cornish70
English228,520
Irish446,215
Manx200
Scottish215,030
Welsh10,765
British Isles origins; n.i.e.32,525
French origins1,878,795
Alsatian1,050
Breton11,140
Corsican1,270
French1,870,545
Western European origins (except French origins)244,380
Austrian12,710
Bavarian40
Belgian51,340
Dutch26,000
Flemish1,345
Frisian15
German142,225
Luxembourger910
Swiss24,500
Western European origins; n.i.e.125
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins)25,460
Danish5,700
Finnish3,130
Icelandic955
Norwegian7,820
Swedish6,840
Northern European origins; n.i.e.2,500
Eastern European origins249,940
Bulgarian9,570
Byelorussian2,530
Czech6,295
Czechoslovakian; n.o.s.2,150
Estonian890
Hungarian28,280
Latvian1,740
Lithuanian6,630
Moldovan7,620
Polish79,040
Romanian53,060
Russian55,230
Slovak4,770
Ukrainian42,550
Eastern European origins; n.i.e.2,900
Southern European origins549,750
Albanian3,760
Bosnian2,970
Catalan735
Croatian6,745
Cypriot480
Greek71,330
Italian326,700
Kosovar505
Macedonian775
Maltese1,220
Montenegrin450
Portuguese69,805
Serbian5,950
Sicilian1,435
Slovenian2,510
Spanish85,360
Yugoslavian; n.o.s.3,270
Southern European origins; n.i.e.300
Other European origins38,670
Basque3,620
Jewish25,235
Roma (Gypsy)475
Slavic; n.o.s.360
Other European origins; n.i.e.9,215
Caribbean origins201,625
Antiguan380
Bahamian430
Barbadian5,570
Bermudan115
Carib405
Cuban9,830
Dominican11,560
Grenadian1,965
Guadeloupean1,010
Haitian143,165
Jamaican14,100
Kittitian/Nevisian360
Martinican1,775
Montserratan240
Puerto Rican530
St. Lucian860
Trinidadian/Tobagonian6,585
Vincentian/Grenadinian4,020
West Indian; n.o.s.5,635
Caribbean origins; n.i.e.4,195
Latin; Central and South American origins167,275
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Arawak and Maya)6,100
Arawak180
Argentinian4,950
Belizean80
Bolivian1,730
Brazilian8,345
Chilean14,060
Colombian33,965
Costa Rican1,180
Ecuadorian2,720
Guatemalan10,175
Guyanese3,670
Hispanic1,155
Honduran4,335
Maya1,670
Mexican26,930
Nicaraguan2,805
Panamanian1,460
Paraguayan365
Peruvian19,735
Salvadorean19,200
Uruguayan1,755
Venezuelan7,475
Latin; Central and South American origins; n.i.e.5,845
African origins382,665
Central and West African origins86,695
Akan630
Angolan875
Ashanti120
Beninese4,125
Burkinabe2,465
Cameroonian17,095
Chadian1,045
Congolese20,210
Edo110
Ewe460
Gabonese1,165
Gambian150
Ghanaian3,235
Guinean5,255
Ibo185
Ivorian8,545
Liberian150
Malian3,535
Malinké635
Nigerian2,820
Peulh2,110
Senegalese8,250
Sierra Leonean110
Togolese4,080
Wolof660
Yoruba460
Central and West African origins; n.i.e.6,955
North African origins225,125
Algerian60,375
Berber33,825
Coptic685
Dinka15
Egyptian29,400
Libyan1,075
Maure530
Moroccan85,940
Sudanese370
Tunisian21,475
North African origins; n.i.e.3,340
Southern and East African origins28,925
Afrikaner115
Amhara65
Bantu; n.o.s.1,905
Burundian6,015
Djiboutian450
Eritrean580
Ethiopian1,575
Harari20
Kenyan530
Malagasy3,735
Mauritian3,695
Oromo20
Rwandan5,130
Seychellois775
Somali1,785
South African900
Tanzanian325
Tigrian95
Ugandan290
Zambian45
Zimbabwean300
Zulu70
Southern and East African origins; n.i.e.1,790
Other African origins46,805
Black; n.o.s.3,800
Other African origins; n.i.e.43,785
Asian origins563,150
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins240,795
Afghan10,945
Arab; n.o.s.44,875
Armenian27,380
Assyrian370
Azerbaijani555
Georgian635
Hazara385
Iranian25,530
Iraqi5,520
Israeli6,060
Jordanian1,610
Kazakh620
Kurd2,135
Kuwaiti95
Kyrgyz260
Lebanese78,140
Palestinian6,865
Pashtun515
Saudi Arabian645
Syrian27,465
Tajik390
Tatar910
Turk15,060
Turkmen65
Uighur375
Uzbek465
Yemeni805
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins; n.i.e.2,465
South Asian origins95,670
Bangladeshi7,075
Bengali4,125
Bhutanese420
East Indian51,650
Goan210
Gujarati420
Kashmiri260
Nepali930
Pakistani13,535
Punjabi2,970
Sinhalese310
Sri Lankan14,750
Tamil3,100
South Asian origins; n.i.e.2,135
East and Southeast Asian origins229,985
Burmese530
Cambodian (Khmer)15,345
Chinese121,445
Filipino37,910
Hmong35
Indonesian1,320
Japanese6,495
Karen95
Korean8,740
Laotian7,625
Malaysian645
Mongolian960
Singaporean105
Taiwanese2,205
Thai2,695
Tibetan80
Vietnamese43,080
East and Southeast Asian origins; n.i.e.275
Other Asian origins1,765
Other Asian origins; n.i.e.1,770
Oceania origins3,250
Australian2,055
New Zealander490
Pacific Islands origins785
Fijian70
Hawaiian60
Maori90
Polynesian; n.o.s.290
Samoan15
Pacific Islands origins; n.i.e.295
Total Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population
Type immigrantsPopulation
Non-immigrants6,788,085
Immigrants1,091,310
YearPopulation
Before 1981238,655
1981 to 1990127,340
1991 to 2000187,860
2001 to 2010322,280
2001 to 2005140,170
2006 to 2010182,115
2011 to 2016215,170
Non-permanent residents86,065
Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households (25% sample data)
Age GroupPopulation
All ages1,091,305
Under 5 years112,930
5 to 14 years174,020
15 to 24 years215,350
25 to 44 years515,770
45 years and over73,230
Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households
CountryPopulation
Americas247,505
Brazil7,345
Colombia25,580
El Salvador11,120
Guyana2,490
Haiti80,965
Jamaica4,665
Mexico15,820
Peru13,265
Trinidad and Tobago4,075
United States25,955
Other places of birth in Americas56,235
Europe311,090
Bosnia and Herzegovina3,785
Croatia2,140
France81,225
Germany9,750
Greece18,420
Hungary3,325
Ireland820
Italy51,025
Netherlands1,990
Poland10,735
Portugal18,985
Romania28,695
Russian Federation11,355
Serbia1,790
Ukraine8,670
United Kingdom12,905
Other places of birth in Europe45,500
Africa241,410
Algeria59,465
Egypt19,490
Ethiopia995
Kenya785
Morocco60,700
Nigeria1,340
Somalia580
South Africa; Republic of865
Other places of birth in Africa97,200
Asia289,825
Afghanistan7,280
Bangladesh7,940
China49,555
Hong Kong4,730
India17,865
Iran17,760
Iraq3,735
Japan1,725
Korea; South4,230
Lebanon39,135
Pakistan10,010
Philippines24,410
Sri Lanka10,715
Syria17,775
Taiwan2,735
Viet Nam25,440
Other places of birth in Asia44,795
Oceania and other places of birth1,480
Total1,091,305
Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households
CountryPopulation
Americas47,710
Brazil3,010
Colombia7,540
Cuba2,565
Haiti16,880
Jamaica190
Mexico4,210
United States3,990
Venezuela1,955
Other places of birth in Americas7,365
Europe39,320
France20,030
Germany580
Ireland135
Moldova3,750
Romania2,945
Russian Federation1,970
Ukraine2,460
United Kingdom860
Other places of birth in Europe6,590
Africa74,200
Algeria16,380
Cameroon7,550
Congo; Democratic Republic of the3,370
Côte d'Ivoire5,070
Egypt4,360
Eritrea50
Ethiopia125
Morocco13,475
Nigeria540
Somalia95
South Africa; Republic of175
Tunisia5,855
Other places of birth in Africa17,155
Asia53,595
Afghanistan1,555
Bangladesh860
China10,705
Hong Kong120
India2,960
Iran7,505
Iraq985
Israel645
Japan330
Korea; South825
Lebanon3,955
Nepal360
Pakistan1,815
Philippines5,635
Saudi Arabia435
Sri Lanka860
Syria7,455
Taiwan170
Turkey585
United Arab Emirates300
Viet Nam1,505
Other places of birth in Asia4,025
Oceania and other345
Australia190
Other places of birth155
Total215,170
Generation status for the population in private households
GenerationPopulation
Total7,965,450
First generation1,204,895
Second generation792,085
Third generation or more5,968,475
Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who landed between 1980 and 2016.
Immigrants TypePopulation
Economic immigrants469,015
Principal applicants224,720
Secondary applicants244,300
Immigrants sponsored by family241,225
Refugees146,295
Other immigrants11150
Total867,685


Languages

Quebec province is different from other provinces in perspective of language, French is the only official language, while English predominates in the rest of Canada provinces. 3.5% of the population consider themselves to be bilingual in French and English and 0.9% speaks only other than English or French.
First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents

LanguagePopulationPercent
English964,12012
French6,750,94583.7
English and French278,7103.5
Neither English nor French72,7750.9
Official language minority (number)110,348012.7
In the 2016 census, 45,570 people declared having an aboriginal language as their mother tongue. For 38,995 of them, it was the language most frequently spoken at home. Additionally, 1,195 people who did not have an aboriginal language as their mother tongue reported using an aboriginal language most often at home. In Quebec, most indigenous languages are currently transmitted quite well from one generation to the next. Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents and official languages.
Aboriginal languages45,570
Algonquian languages33,140
Blackfoot5
Cree-Montagnais languages31,430
Atikamekw6,150
Montagnais (Innu)8,715
Naskapi590
Northern East Cree135
Plains Cree5
Southern East Cree35
Swampy Cree5
Woods Cree10
Cree nos15,790
Eastern Algonquian languages485
Mi'kmaq485
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages(Algonquin, Ojibway, Oji-Cree)1,215
Other Algonquian languages5
Athabaskan languages(Sarsi (Sarcee)/Slavey-Hare)15
Inuit languages11,970
Iroquoian languages(Mohawk)375
Michif (Salish)5
According to the 2016 census, 1 million people declared they speak their mother tongue as language spoken at home in Quebec. They are migrated from other than British and French descendents. Total number of Non-Aboriginal language speaker are 1,015,260. The most cited languages are Arabic (2.08%), Spanish (1.78%), Italian (1.28%), Chinese languages (0.94%), Indian (Asian) Languages (Aryan/Dravidian) (0.74%), Greek (0.47%), Portuguese (0.45%), Romanian (0.44%), Iranian languages (0.36%), Russian (0.35%), Persian (Farsi) (0.34%), Vietnamese (0.34%), Armenian (0.20%), Tagalog (Pilipino/Filipino) (0.19%), Polish (0.17%), German (0.17%) and Korean (0.06%). Indian (Asian) Languages (0.74%) out of these Tamil (0.17%), Punjabi (Panjabi) (0.15%), Bengali (0.13%), Gujarati (0.07%) and Hindi (0.04%).
LanguagesPopulation
Non-Aboriginal languages1,015,260
Afro-Asiatic languages197,535
Berber languages20,845
Kabyle12,470
Berber languages; n.i.e.8,375
Cushitic languages1,125
Bilen10
Oromo15
Somali1,075
Cushitic languages; n.i.e.30
Semitic languages175,215
Amharic745
Arabic169,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic150
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic15
Hebrew3,885
Maltese25
Tigrigna385
Semitic languages; n.i.e.110
Afro-Asiatic languages; n.i.e.355
Austro-Asiatic languages36,305
Khmer (Cambodian)8,855
Vietnamese27,425
Austro-Asiatic languages; n.i.e25
Austronesian languages21,635
Bikol115
Cebuano885
Hiligaynon410
Ilocano2,060
Malagasy1,250
Malay705
Pampangan (Kapampangan; Pampango)205
Pangasinan95
Tagalog (Pilipino; Filipino)15,545
Waray-Waray50
Austronesian languages; n.i.e.320
Creole languages56,990
Haitian Creole2,220
Creole; n.o.s.53,785
Creole languages; n.i.e.980
Indian (Asian) Languages (Aryan/Dravidian)60,710
Kannada240
Malayalam440
Tamil13,600
Telugu570
Bengali10,995
Gujarati6,070
Hindi3,030
Kashmiri20
Konkani110
Marathi255
Nepali1,505
Oriya (Odia)35
Punjabi (Panjabi)12,380
Sindhi330
Sinhala (Sinhalese)645
Urdu10,470
Hmong-Mien languages25
Indo-European languages553,045
Albanian2,795
Armenian16,430
Balto-Slavic languages68,155
Baltic languages850
Latvian290
Lithuanian555
Slavic languages67,310
Belarusan80
Bosnian1,620
Bulgarian6,985
Croatian2,330
Czech1,465
Macedonian205
Polish13,935
Russian28,565
Serbian3,140
Serbo-Croatian1,805
Slovak1,040
Slovene (Slovenian)755
Ukrainian5,210
Slavic languages; n.i.e.175
Celtic languages155
Scottish Gaelic20
Welsh40
Celtic languages; n.i.e.90
Germanic languages27,540
Afrikaans125
Danish395
Dutch2,825
Frisian10
German13,670
Icelandic65
Norwegian200
Swedish555
Vlaams (Flemish)540
Yiddish8,985
Germanic languages; n.i.e.175
Greek38,635
Indo-Iranian languages76,040
Iranian languages29,760
Kurdish985
Pashto1,285
Persian (Farsi)27,490
Indo-Iranian languages; n.i.e.440
Italic (Romance) languages323,290
Catalan320
Italian104,600
Portuguese36,770
Romanian35,840
Spanish145,635
Italic (Romance) languages; n.i.e.125
Japanese2,525
Kartvelian languages(Georgian)170
Korean5,160
Mongolian195
Niger-Congo languages28,355
Akan (Twi)1,050
Bamanankan1,200
Edo75
Ewe730
Fulah (Pular; Pulaar; Fulfulde)2,055
Ga80
Ganda35
Igbo120
Lingala2,465
Rundi (Kirundi)3,345
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda)2,500
Shona85
Swahili3,010
Wolof3,230
Yoruba255
Niger-Congo languages; n.i.e.8,135
Nilo-Saharan & Dinka345
Sign languages(Quebec Sign & American Sign)1,330
Sino-Tibetan languages76,840
Chinese languages76,490
Cantonese24,375
Hakka470
Mandarin43,700
Min Dong20
Min Nan (Chaochow; Teochow; Fukien; Taiwanese)3,225
Wu (Shanghainese)1,075
Chinese; n.o.s.3,535
Chinese languages; n.i.e.90
Tibeto-Burman languages345
Burmese80
Karenic languages70
Tibetan110
Tibeto-Burman languages; n.i.e.85
Tai-Kadai languages(Lao/Thai)4,895
Lao4,115
Thai765
Tai-Kadai languages; n.i.e10
Turkic languages7,980
Azerbaijani290
Turkish7,155
Uyghur205
Uzbek145
Turkic languages; n.i.e.185
Uralic languages6,400
Estonian195
Finnish360
Hungarian5,835
Other languages; n.i.e.685


Population projection

YearPopulation
19806,505,997
19816,547,207
19826,580,631
19836,602,976
19846,631,220
19856,665,802
19866,708,170
19876,781,984
19886,837,077
19896,925,128
19906,996,986
19917,067,396
19927,110,010
19937,156,537
19947,192,403
19957,219,219
19967,246,897
19977,274,611
19987,295,935
19997,323,250
20007,356,951
20017,396,456
20027,441,656
20037,485,753
20047,535,590
20057,581,476
20067,631,966
20077,692,916
20087,761,725
20097,843,383
20107,929,222
20118,005,090
20128,061,101
20138,110,880
20148,150,183
20158,175,272
20168,225,950
20178,302,063
20188,401,738
20198,501,703
20208,574,571


Age GroupTotalMaleFemale
All Ages8,164,3604,016,7604,147,605
0 to 14 years1333260682535650,720
0 to 4 years444930227965216,970
5 to 9 years469165240225228,940
10 to 14 years419160214345204,815
15 to 64 years5,335,9102,664,6302,671,280
15 to 19 years429,825219070210755
20 to 24 years500,100252600247500
25 to 29 years495410248030247380
30 to 34 years515505256440259070
35 to 39 years550540274595275945
40 to 44 years506525254100252425
45 to 49 years519425260410259015
50 to 54 years619435309070310370
55 to 59 years636475314190322285
60 to 64 years562670276140286535
65 years and over1495195669590825605
65 to 69 years488175236395251775
70 to 74 years373590176905196690
75 to 79 years256905116020140890
80 to 84 years18783578390109450
85 years and over18868561885126805
85 to 89 years1206354379576840
90 to 94 years531651515538015
95 to 99 years13035268510350
100 years and over18502551600


Subdivisions of Quebec

In 2016, Quebec's 1,108 municipalities covered 37.7% of the province's land mass yet were home to 99.3% of its population. The Government of Quebec's Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Land Occupancy recognizes seven types of municipalities, cities, towns, villages, parishes, townships (cantons), united townships (cantons unis), and municipalities (municipalites). All municipalities (except cities), are functionally and legally identical.

MontréalLarge urban351959533876533.91293.99
Ottawa - GatineauLarge urban9895679455924.7520.82
Ottawa - Gatineau (Quebec part)2538612433394.3179.34
Ottawa - Gatineau (Ontario part)7357067022534.8179.34
QuébecLarge urban7051036818043.4427.66
SherbrookeLarge urban1395651336734.496.34
Trois-RivièresLarge urban1142031126261.472.23
Chicoutimi - JonquièreLarge urban104222104589-0.490.33
Saint-Jean-sur-RichelieuMedium84685818023.551.78
Saint-JérômeMedium771466959810.864.30
ChâteauguayMedium71164664457.149.48
DrummondvilleMedium68601653415.052.15
GranbyMedium59691573514.148.24
BeloeilMedium50845486884.426.42
Saint-HyacintheMedium50032472895.829.61
JolietteMedium45508428506.236.99
VictoriavilleMedium44735419256.735.13
Salaberry-de-ValleyfieldMedium39048383231.932.60
ShawiniganMedium3821139427-3.129.94
RimouskiMedium36942354374.223.24
SorelMedium36088357700.928.38
Saint-GeorgesSmall26921249407.925.55
Val-d'OrSmall25541250232.123.80
Rouyn-NorandaSmall23504231371.621.89
Sept-ÎlesSmall2221823028-3.513.34
HudsonSmall21419206483.731.95
AlmaSmall21406199657.214.71
MagogSmall20830199974.218.89
VarennesSmall20575203001.410.18
Rivière-du-LoupSmall17973177471.318.27
Les CoteauxSmall173961569410.818.18
BuckinghamSmall16685156856.416.53
Thetford MinesSmall1617416440-1.614.77
L'AssomptionSmall15906151545.08.72
Port-Alfred-BagotvilleSmall13865138170.312.95
LaurentidesSmall12710983429.211.88
CowansvilleSmall11809109477.914.72
HawkesburySmall1171511894-1.59.76


Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over

Marital StatusPopulation
Married or living common law56.3
Married34.3
Living common law22.0
Not married and not living common law43.7
Never married29.4
Separated1.5
Divorced7.1
Widowed5.7


History

Between 1534 and 1763, Quebec was called Canada and it was the most developed colony in New France. Following the Seven Years' War, Quebec became a British colony in the British Empire. It remained as such from 1763 to 1867, first as the Province of Quebec (1763–1791), then as Lower Canada (1791–1841), before becoming Canada East (1841–1867) as a result of the Lower Canada Rebellion. It was, finally, confederated with Ontario, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick in 1867, beginning the Confederation of Canada. Until the early 1960s, the Catholic Church played a large role in the development of social and cultural institutions in Quebec. However, in the 1960s, the Quiet Revolution increased the role of the Government of Quebec in controlling political, social and future developments of the state of Quebec, Of the total population of Quebec, nearly half are descendants of the 10,000 original French settlers. About one-tenth of Quebecers are Anglophones of British descent. Another tenth of the population is of neither French nor British descent and includes aboriginal peoples (Indian [First Nations] and Inuit), eastern Europeans, Portuguese, Greeks, Haitians, and Asians (notably from Southeast Asia). In 1974 French was made the official language of Quebec, and this was reaffirmed and strengthened in Bill 101, the Charter of the French Language, in 1977.


References:
Statcan


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