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Boston Population

Boston is the capital and populous city of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States. Boston population in 2023 is estimated to be 666,783, and area is 89.62 sq miles (232.11 and the 21st most populous city in the United States. Boston is one of the oldest municipalities in the U.S., founded on the peninsula Shawmut. Boston city has many colleges and universities, popular destination for higher education around the world. Boston is the ninth most dangerous cities in Massachusetts.

Below is the Boston population by year:
YearPopulationChange %
2021 *654,283-3.162
2022 *663,8771.42
2023 *666,7830.43
Source : Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2019, 2020 US Census & 2021 estimates updated

Boston city UN Urban Agglomeration Population Prospects - 1950 to 2035

YearBoston Population
Source:, 1950 to 2035 Boston city Population(UA)

Boston Population Ranking & Density

According to US Population Census, April 1, 2020, Boston population in 2020 is estimated to be 675,647, It is twenty-first largest city in USA by rank, According to US Population estimates, July 1, 2019, 48.1% are Male, 51.9% are Female, Sex ratio is 92.7 males per 100 females, Median age is 32.0 years, 5.1% are persons are under 5 years, 16.2% are persons under 18 years, 11.2% are persons 65 years and over. From 2014-2018 there are 16,547 Veterans, 28.5% are Foreign born persons, Total Households are 266,724, Median household income is $65,883 which is greater than the national average is $60,293. Boston population in 2022 is estimated to be 663,877, and in 2021 is estimated to be 654,283.

Greater Boston means both a metropolitan statistical area and a combined statistical area, Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH is the tenth largest in Metropolitan statistical area with 4.9 million people in 2022.

Boston Language demographics

By 2018, Language spoken at home are 418,328 speak only English, 108,761 Spanish, 6,081 French (incl. Cajun), 26,768 Haitian, 3,520 Italian, 13,520 Portuguese, 1,780 German, 2,659 Greek, 4,824 Russian, 664 Polish, 365 Serbo-Croatian, 452 Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or other West Germanic languages, 1,251 Ukrainian or other Slavic languages, 286 Armenian.

Asian Indian languages include 2847 speak Hindi, 174 Telugu, 476 Tamil, 438 Punjabi, 869 Bengali, 410 speak Gujarati, 1277 Nepali, Marathi, or other Indic languages, 2301 Other Indo-European languages, 685 Urdu, 1186 Malayalam, Kannada, or other Dravidian languages, 27839 Chinese (incl. Mandarin, Cantonese), 1005 Japanese, 2268 Korean, 1123 Tagalog (incl. Filipino), 9293 Vietnamese, 262 Khmer, 378 Thai, Lao, or other Tai-Kadai languages and 1331 speak other languages of Asia.

205 speak Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or other Austronesian languages, 4917 Arabic, 1,732 Persian (incl. Farsi, Dari), 823 Hebrew, 3453 Amharic, Somali, or other Afro-Asiatic languages, 2708 Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or other languages of Western Africa, 1188 Swahili or other languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa, 133 speak other Native languages of North America and 1953 speak other and unspecified languages.

Boston Population by Age

According to 2019 US population estimates, population of Boston by age is 694,295, out of these 332,153 are male, 362,142 are female, The sex ratio of Boston is 92. The median age of the Boston population is 32.6, Boston population by age are, under 18 years is 107,097, 16 years and over is 598,649, 18 years and over is 587,198, 21 years and over is 540,829, 65 years and over is 104270. 47.8% are male, 52.2% are female, 15.4% are under 18 years old, 86.2% are 16 years and over, 84.6% are 18 years and over, 77.9% are 21 years and over, 12.0% are 65 years and over. There are total 303,791 housing units, The voting population of Boston are 496,231, out of these 231,281 are male voters, 264,950 are female voters, 46.6% are male, 53.4% are female.

Age GroupPopulationPercent
0 -532,5674.7%
5 - 927,0023.9%
10 - 1430,5694.4%
15 - 1945,4606.5%
20 - 2473,34710.6%
25 - 34169,20124.4%
35 - 4488,93512.8%
45 - 5473,48110.6%
55 - 5936,7525.3%
60 - 6433,3254.8%
65 - 7447,7316.9%
75 - 8422,7053.3%
85 and over13,2201.9%
Source: 2019 US population by age estimates

Boston Population by Race

According to 2019 population of Boston by race are:

White Population

White population in Boston, Massachusetts are 369,561, percentage wise 53.2 percent are whites.

Black Population

Black population in Boston, Massachusetts are 173,098, percentage wise 24.9 percent are blacks. African American refers to black population in Boston, They are Black racial groups of Africa, includes Sub-Saharan African people, Kenyan, Nigerian, Carribbean such as Haitian and Jamaican.

Asian Population

Asian population in Boston are 67,451, percentage wise 9.7 percent are asians, out of these 11,829 are Asian Indians, 36,484 are Chinese, 2,322 are Filipinos, 1,498 are Japanese, 3,140 are Korean, 8,384 are Vietnamese and 3,794 are other Asian nationals.

Hispanic Population

Hispanic population in Boston, Massachusetts are 136,632. Percentage wise 19.7 percent are hispanics, out of these 8,758 are Mexican people, 33,090 are Puerto Ricans, 4,978 are Cubans, and 89,806 are other Hispanic or Latinos.

Population by Race694,295Percent
Black or African American173,09824.9%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,8140.3%
Asian Population67,4519.7%
Asian Indian11,8291.7%
Other Asian Population3,794
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander6160.1%
Hispanic or Latino136,63219.7%
Puerto Rican33,0904.8%
Other Hispanic or Latino89,806
Source: US Census population estimates(2019)

Nativity by Place of Birth

Total Boston native population is 505,272, out of these 301,012 born in the Massachusetts state and 179,768 born in other state in the United States. Foreign born or Population born outside the US are 189,023, out of these 93,391 are Naturalised US citizen, 9,451 are in Europe, 24,341 in Asia, 13,520 in Africa, 44,954 in Latin America and 1,125 in Northern America. Total Foreigners who are non US citizens living in Boston are 95,632, out of these 12,287 are from Europe, 30,034 are from Asia, 8,452 from Africa, 41,922 are from Latin America and 2,158 are from Northern America.

Nativity by Place of BirthPopulation
Born in state of residence301,012
Born in other state in the United States179,768
Born outside the United States24,492
Puerto Rico12,899
U.S. Island Areas837
Born abroad of American parent(s)10,756
Foreign born
Born outside of United States189,023
Naturalized U.S. citizen93,391
Latin America44,954
Northern America1,125
Not a U.S. citizen95,632
Latin America41,922
Northern America2,158
Source: US Census 2019 estimates

The median monthly owner costs with mortgage is $2,461, 0.08 percent of homes pays less than $500 per month, 0.67 percent pay between $500 to $999, 2.00 percent pay between $1,000 to $1,499, 3.83 percent pay between $1,500 to $1,999, 4.96 percent pay between $2,000 to $2,499, 3.65 percent pay between $2,500 to $2,999, 7.10 percent pay between $3,000 or more.

The median monthly owner costs with out mortgage is $798, 0.42 percent of homes pay less than $250, 0.57 percent pays between $250 to $399, 1.89 percent pay between $400 to $599, 1.52 percent pays between $600 to $799, 1.52 percent pays between $800 to $999, and 2.81 pays between $1000 or more.

Total number of Boston rental homes or apartments are 177,351, occupied by Renter, The median value of Boston average rental rate is $1,735. 14.70 percent of homes are under $500, 9.41 percent of rental rates between $500 to $1000, 37.39 percent housing units are from $1000 to $2000, 26.99 percent are between $2000 to $3000, and 10.10 percent are above $3000.

Boston History

Since 2400 B.C, The area had been inhabited by peninsula Shawmut, the Massachusetts tribe of Native Americans. According to History, On 29 March 1630 a fleet of 11 ships carrying 700 people sailed from England to Massachusetts. Boston was founded in 1630 by Puritans who were traveling from England fleeing religious persecution. In 1631 the first sailing ship built in America was launched from Boston and soon the shipbuilding industry thrived. There was also a flourishing whaling industry and a fishing industry. Initially the people settled at Charlestown, which had been founded the year before. However fresh water was short so most of the new settlers moved across the river to a peninsula called Trimountaine. In 1630 the new settlement was named Boston after Boston in England from which many of the settlers came. By the year 1676 Boston had a population of about 4,000, more than half the Native Americans in the region had died due to outbreak of smallpox. Boston continued to grow despite smallpox out break in 1702 and in 1721. By 1730 Boston had a population of over 13,000 inhabitants. In 1735 Industries are flourished in Boston. After the Boston Massacre happened in 1770 due to Stamp act Tax, during which British troops fired upon mob, leading to killing five of the colonists, anti British sentiment started. The British East India Company sent 3 ships to sell tea chests to the American colonies in 1773. There was a center of resistance to the British in the colonies. On 16 December 1773 men dressed as Native Americans boarded the ships and threw all the 298 chests(45 tons) of tea into the sea. By 1820 the population of Boston was about 43,000. In the 19th century Boston continued to grow by large amounts of land by landfilling.

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