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Germany Population

Germany is a country in Central Europe, borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, and France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands to the west. According to the statistikportal, Germany population in 2021 is estimated to be 83.12 million. It is the second-most populous country in Europe after Russia, and the most populous member state of the European Union. Germany is the seventh-largest country in Europe, It is called Deutschland in German language. Germany capital and the largest city is Berlin, Other cities are Frankfurt, Ruhr, Munich, Hamburg, Cologne and Düsseldorf. At the end of second world war, Germany was divided into West and East countries, the Federal Republic of Germany known as West Germany, and the German Democratic Republic as East Germany, and re-united again in 1990. It has the largest economy in Europe, fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP in the world. Human presence in Germany accounted for at least from last 600,000 years ago. German is the official spoken language in Germany.

The population in Germany in 2021 is stable with the slight fluctuation of around six thousand from January 2021. In the month of May 2021, total of 35,286 got married, 64,848 are new born kids including 211 of those who died in the first year of life, 88,786 people has immigrated to Germany, out of these 75,488 are from foreign people, 74,340 has been departed from the country, including 56,886 of foreigners, Net overseas migration is 14,416.

Germany 2021 StatsJanuary 2021February 2021March 2021April 2021May 2021
Population at the end of the month83.127 Million83.117 Million83.121 Million83.12 Million83.12
Marriages8,86612,14516,48521,90735,286
Live born59,79961,84165,90362,53864,848
Dead (excluding stillborn)104,94882,79081,72781,54180,862
Died in the first year of life188155195182211
Surplus of those born or died-45,149-20,949-15,824-19,003-16,014
Immigration Arrivals88,68687,09698,20691,85588,786
Immigration including from abroad74,60773,63083,87678,76475,488
Immigration Departures69,74373,52376,18871,28274,370
Including abroad52,49755,59058,02854,20656,886
Migration gain or loss18,94313,57322,01820,57314,416


Religions in Germany

According to 2011 German Census, Christianity is the largest religion in Germany with 61.16, out of these 30.84% are Catholic and 30.32% are Protestant. Islam is the second popular religion in the country with 1.9% of the census population.

StatePopulation (2011)Roman CatholicProtestantOthers, none, not specified
Baden-Wuerttemberg10,486,6603,899,6603,531,0303,055,970
Bavaria12,397,6106,794,7402,572,0603,030,810
Berlin3,292,360313,600707.1202,271,640
Brandenburg2,455,77084,190437.6601,933,920
Bremen650,86076.140279,870294,850
Hamburg1,706,690182.810574.120949.760
Hesse5,971,8201,510,8502,402,0102,058,960
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania1,609,99054,120281,8801,273,990
Lower Saxony7,777,9901,404,6403,931,6902,441,660
North Rhine-Westphalia17,538,2607,431,7304,971,8605,134,670
Rhineland-Palatinate3,989,8101,785,3801,226,770977.660
Saarland999,620628.890198,550172.180
Saxony4,056,800149,570846.4903,060,740
Saxony-Anhalt2,287,04078,150333.7601,875,130
Schleswig-Holstein2,800,120174.0401,504,1901,121,890
Thuringia2,188,590171,870529.0601,487,660
Germany80,219.69024,740,38024.328,10031,151,210

As of 2017 Germany is divided into 401 districts at a municipal level out of these 294 rural districts and 107 urban districts. According to statistikportal, 2018 stats, NorthRhine-Westphalia is the most populated state in Germany with 17.93 million, followed by Bavaria with 13.12 million, Baden-Wurttemberg with 11.1 million, Lower Saxony with 8 million, Hesse with 6.2 million. Rhineland-Palatinate and Saxony with 4 million each, Berlin with 3.6 million, Schleswig-Holstein with 2.9 million. Bavaria is the largest by area wise with 70,552 sq km., followed by Lower Saxony with 47,609 sq km., and Baden-Wurttemberg with 35,752 sq km. Out of these States of Germany, Berlin is more denser with 4,090 people per sq km., followed by Bremen with 1,629 persons per sq km., and Hamburg with 2,438 persons per sq km.

StateArea sq.km.Population (2018)MaleFemaleDensity (per sq km)
Baden-Wuerttemberg35,748.2211,069,5335,501,6935,567,840310
Bavaria70,541.5713,076,7216,483,7936,592,928185
Berlin891.123,644,8261,792,8011,852,0254090
Brandenburg29,654.482,511,9171,239,4601,272,45785
Bremen419.36682,986338,035344,9511,629
Hamburg755.091,841,179902,048939,1312,438
Hesse21,115.686,265,8093,093,0443,172,765297
Mecklenburg-WesternPomerania23,294.621,609,675793,639816,03669
LowerSaxony47,709.57,982,4483,943,2434,039,205167
NorthRhine-Westphalia34,112.3117,932,6518,798,6319,134,020526
Rhineland-Palatinate19,8584,084,8442,017,5762,067,268206
Saarland2,571.11990,509486,159504,350385
Saxony18,449.964,077,9372,009,6192,068,318221
Saxony-Anhalt20,454.312,208,3211,086,6791,121,642108
Schleswig-Holstein15,804.32,896,7121,419,4571,477,255183
Thuringia16,202.372,143,1451,060,8141,082,331132
Germany357,58283,019,21340,966,69142,052,522232
According to 2011 Census, 12.7% are foreign population in Germany. North Rhine-Westphalia State has the highest foreign population with around 2.48 million, followed by 1.8 million are living in Bavaria, 1.78 million are living in Baden-Wuerttemberg and 1 million living in Hesse State. Percentage wise Berlin has 19.6% foreigners, 19% are in Bremen State, 16.9% are in Hesse and 16.8% in Hamburg State.
StateForeign populationPercentage
Baden-Wuerttemberg1,782,38616.1
Bavaria1,804,70413.7
Berlin717,6319.6
Brandenburg131,125.2
Bremen129,46419.0
Hamburg311,84916.8
Hesse1,060,83916.9
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania76,9544.8
Lower Saxony792,7259.9
North Rhine-Westphalia2,481,71613.8
Rhineland-Palatinate484.,09811.8
Saarland116,36111.8
Saxony215,7555.3
Saxony-Anhalt114,6145.3
Schleswig-Holstein250,7988.6
Thuringia114,045.4
Germany10,585,05312.7


Population Projection

The below table shows the population projection by age wise:

Age group(2011)under 33 - 66-1515-1818-2525-3030-4040-5050-6565-7575 and more
Baden-Wuerttemberg268,360278.930959.690346,560910.020637.4801,259,8601,737,8402,053,4001,103,480931.040
Bavaria311,490319.0601,088,260393.3801,041,530756.2301,525,1302,088,0902,459,3601,323,3301,091,740
Berlin94,33086,990238,40074,440274,470260,850465.470539,300624.090376.200257.840
Brandenburg57.04057,590174,81047,590173,850135.160266,440425.360562,490318,430237,000
Bremen15,63015,55049,84017,82059,32045,94080,330101,550126,94075,35062,580
Hamburg47,62045,450130,90043,820141.060134,370257,370280.230301,700178,660145,520
Hesse151,620154,750516,550182,740478,550355,750734.9301,011,5001,205,160641.090539.170
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania38,70037,360110.08029,160127,370100,870174.080260,510375,550199,690156.610
Lower Saxony185,440196.440714.740259,750631.930417.110874.5101,313,6601,569,480882.870732.060
North Rhine-Westphalia426.820443.0801,549,970564.7801,463,4701,018,0002,047,4902,945,7503,525,6201,905,9401,647,320
Rhineland-Palatinate94,30097,200344,470128,290336.240225,990442.030667.470841,540428.410383.860
Saarland20,46021,20077,17030,15080,42055,510105.220164,250224,680116,330104,230
Saxony102,40097,530273.77069,470301.960256.630464.350613.220870.980547.330459.170
Saxony-Anhalt50,94049,990148,68041,100170.810133,790242,680368.130524,660310,590245,680
Schleswig-Holstein66,43069,670251,46089,450218.880143,510307.830482.230563,490349.080258.080
Thuringia51,07049,390147.31039,190166.310137,250244.130343,590501,650284,460224.230
Germany1,982,9502,020,5006,777,1302,358,0006,576,5504,815,1409,493,59013,345,28016,333,0809,041,3207,476,130
According to recent statistics of 2018, the fertility rate is 1.57 births per woman, Germany death rate is high compared to birth rates. 11.3 people are died per 1000 inhabitants compared to 9.4 births per 1,000 inhabitants. There are many reasons for the declining birth rate in Germany due to some of the reasons are, high jobless rate, work culture, social norms and policies and economic growth and other lifestyle choices.
StateBornDied+ is born, - is diedBorn per 1,000 inhabitantsDied per 1,000 inhabitants+ is born, - is died
Baden-Wuerttemberg108,985111,582-2,5979.810.1-0.2
Bavaria128,227134,313-6,0869.810.3-0.5
Berlin39.50334,7394,76410.89.51.3
Brandenburg19,32932,027-12,6987.712.7-5.0
Bremen7.1497,704-55510.511.3-0.8
Hamburg20,94017,4743,46611.49.51.9
Hesse60,06266,669-6,6079.610.6-1.1
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania12,63021,702-9,0727.913.5-5.6
Lower Saxony73.28694,256-20,9709.211.8-2.6
North Rhine-Westphalia170.391206.479-36,0889.511.5-2.0
Rhineland-Palatinate37.17347,619-10,4469.111.6-2.6
Saarland8.00613,555-5,5498.113.7-5.6
Saxony34,49154,946-20,4558.513.5-5.0
Saxony-Anhalt16,61832,299-15,6817.514.7-7.1
Schleswig-Holstein24,65334,960-10,3078.512.1-3.6
Thuringia16,64729,196-12,5497.813.7-5.9
Germany778.090939,520-161,4309.411.3-1.9
The below table shows the Germany State stats of Marriages and Divorces. Schleswig-Holstein State having the highest divorce rate with 20.7 divorces per 10,000 people, vollowed by Saarland with 20.1, Rhineland-Palatinate with 19.6, Lower Saxony with 19.1.
Federal StateMarriagesDivorcesMarriages (per 10,000 people)Divorces (per 10,000 people)
Baden-Wuerttemberg54,61318,95649.317.1
Bavaria68.50122,31752.317.0
Berlin14,6025,89839.916.1
Brandenburg14,2034,42456.417.6
Bremen3.1171.10645.716.2
Hamburg6,0653,07932.916.7
Hesse30,15212,02148.019.2
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania11,0842,83768.917.6
Lower Saxony42,41815,27553.119.1
North Rhine-Westphalia89,47633,80049.918.8
Rhineland-Palatinate20,8268.00850.919.6
Saarland4,8041,98548.620.1
Saxony18.3026,28344.915.4
Saxony-Anhalt10,2173,54646.416.1
Schleswig-Holstein18.6026,01064.120.7
Thuringia9,3423,46543.716.2
Germany416.324149.01050.117.9

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