Mali is a landlocked country in West Africa, borders Niger to the east, Burkina Faso to the south-east, Ivory Coast to the south, Guinea to the south-west, and Senegal to the west and Mauritania to the north-west and Algeria to the north and northeast. Mali population in 2023 is estimated to be 22.21 million, covers country area of 1,240,192 sq km (478,841 sq mi), ranks twenty-third country by area, eighth-largest country in Africa and the fifty-ninth most populous country in the world. Its capital and largest city is Bamako and other popular cities are Sikasso, Koutiala, Ségou, Kayes, Mopti, Kalabancoro, Gao, Kati and San. Country code is MLI, Life expectancy of Mali is 62.20 years for male and 63.40 years for female. Mali economy depends on agriculture and mining, It is the third largest producer of gold in the African region. Formerly French Sudan, the country is named after the Empire of Mali.Below table is the population of Mali from 1960 to 2020:
Mali population in 1960 is 5,263,727, by 1970 the population is increased by 685,315 totaling to 5,949,042, by 1980 the population is increased to 7,090,124, and by 1990 the total increase of 8,449,915 in 30 years from 1960 to 1990 resulting to 8,449,915. From 1990 to 2000, population increased by 2,496,533 to 10,946,448, and from 2000 to 2010 the population of Mali increase by 4,102,904 with a change of 37.48 percent and increase of population from 2010 to 2020 by 5,201,482 with a change of 34.56 percent and make up to 20,250,834. Mali population in 2022 is estimated to be 21.42 million, Population of Mali in 2021 is estimated as 20.83 million.
Mali is divided into ten regions and capital district. New regions, Taoudénit and Ménaka created in 2012, Taoudénit partitioned from Tombouctou Region and Ménaka from Gao Region.
|Region name||Region number||Area (sq km)|
|Taoudénit||IX||Created from Tombouctou region|
Ethnic people of Mali includes 33.3 percent are Bambara, 13.3 percent are Fula, 9.6 percent are Soninke, 9.6 are Senufo and Bwa, 8.8 percent are Malinke, 8.7 percent are Dogon, 5.9 percent are Songhai, 3.5 are Tuareg and 2.1 percent are Bobo.
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