New Zealand is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, located about 2,000 kilometres east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and 1,000 kilometres south of the islands of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga. New Zealand consists of two main islands, North and the South and number of small islands, Its a long and narrow 1,600 kilometresalong its north-north-east axis with width of 400 kilometres and around 15,000 km of coastline. New Zealand was a part of the Colony of New South Wales of Australia until became Colony of New Zealand in 1841. New Zealand population in 2023 is estimated to be 5.4 million, covers country area of 268,021 sq km (103,483 sq mi), ranks seventy-fifth country by area and the one-hundred-twenty-first most populous country in the world. New Zealand's capital is Wellington, its most populous city is Auckland and popular cities are Christchurch, Hamilton, Tauranga, Lower Hutt, Dunedin, Palmerston North, Napier and Porirua. Country code is NZL, Life expectancy of New Zealand is 80.36 years for male and 83.52 years for female. New Zealand is the English speaking country, most common language, spoken by 95.4 percent, de facto official language. In 1987, Māori language of the indigenous Māori people was made the first de jure official language in New Zealand.Below table is the population of New Zealand from 1960 to 2020:
New Zealand population in 1960 is 2,371,800, by 1970 the population is increased by 438,900 totaling to 2,810,700, by 1980 the population is increased to 3,112,900, and by 1990 the total increase of 3,329,800 in 30 years from 1960 to 1990 resulting to 3,329,800. From 1990 to 2000, population increased by 527,900 to 3,857,700, and from 2000 to 2010 the population of New Zealand increase by 493,000 with a change of 12.78 percent and increase of population from 2010 to 2020 by 733,600 with a change of 16.86 percent and make up to 5,084,300. New Zealand population in 2022 is estimated to be 5.27 million, Population of New Zealand in 2021 is estimated as 5.12 million.
New Zealand is divided into sixteen regions:
|Region||Island||Land area (Sq km)||Population|
|Bay of Plenty||North||12,072||343,400|
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