Niger is a landlocked country in West Africa, borders Chad to the east, Nigeria to the south, Benin and Burkina Faso to the southwest, Mali to the west, Algeria to the northwest and Libya to the northeast. Niger is the islamic country with ninety-nine percent of population, Eighty percent of its land is in Sahara desert and country named after the Niger River, gained independence in 1960 from France. Niger population in 2023 is estimated to be 27.17 million, covers country area of 1,267,000 sq km (489,000 sq mi), ranks twenty-first country by area, second-largest landlocked country in West Africa, the fifty-sixth most populous country in the world and is the eighth poorest nation in the world. Niger is named after Niger River, capital is Niamey, other popular cities are Maradi, Zinder, Tahoua, Agadez and Arlit. Country code is NER, Life expectancy of Niger is 62.06 years for male and 64.56 years for female. French is the official language, Hausa, Arabic, Buduma, Fulfulde are widely spoken.
According to 2006 census stats, Niger population by ethnic groups are 53.1 percent are Hausa and are largest linguistic group, 21.2 percent are Zarma & Songhay(Songhai), 11.0 percent are Tuareg or Tamashek, 6.5 percent are Fulani or Fula, 5.9 percent are Kanuri, 0.8 percent are Gurma, 0.4 percent are Toubou, 0.4 percent are Arab and 0.9 percent are others.Below table is the population of Niger from 1960 to 2020:
Niger population in 1960 is 3,388,774, by 1970 the population is increased by 1,121,871 totaling to 4,510,645, by 1980 the population is increased to 5,989,000, and by 1990 the total increase of 8,026,592 in 30 years from 1960 to 1990 resulting to 8,026,592. From 1990 to 2000, population increased by 3,304,969 to 11,331,561, and from 2000 to 2010 the population of Niger increase by 5,132,464 with a change of 45.29 percent and increase of population from 2010 to 2020 by 7,742,611 with a change of 47.03 percent and make up to 24,206,636. Niger population in 2022 is estimated to be 25.98 million, Population of Niger in 2021 is estimated as 25.09 million.
Niger is divided into eight regions and further divided into 63 departments:
|Region||Area(sq km)||Population (2012)|
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