logo

Nigeria Population

Nigeria is a country in West Africa, borders Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the east, and Benin in the west, situated between the Sahel to the north, and the Gulf of Guinea to the south in the Atlantic Ocean. Nigeria population in 2022 is estimated to be 216 million, covering an area of 923,769 sq km (356,669 sq mi), most populous country in Africa, sixth populous country in the world. Lagos is the capital city of Nigeria. Lagos was occupied by British forces in 1851 and the region was annexed by Britain in the year 1865. The period of British rule in Nigeria lasted until 1960, due to the independence movement British granted independence, became a formally independent federation on 1 October 1960. But soon after Nigeria experienced a civil war from 1967 to 1970, followed by a succession of military dictatorships. Nigeria has more than 250 ethnic groups speaking 500 distinct languages. The major languages spoken in Nigeria such as Igbo, Yoruba, Ibibio, Ijaw, Fulfulde, Ogoni, and Edo. Yoruba, Igbo and Hausa are the most spoken languages in Africa. Nigeria's economy is the largest in Africa, the twenty-eighth largest economy in the world by GDP.

By religion, Nigeria is divided into Muslims, Christians and Indigenous religions, Muslims who live mostly in the north, and Christians who live mostly in the south and indigenous religions of those native to the Igbo and Yoruba ethnicity are in the minority. Prior to British colony, Nigeria has many indigenous states and kingdoms since the second millennium BC, popular being Nok civilization in the 15th century BC. Nigeria ranks eighth in the most dangerous countries in the world, ranks twentieth most conflict region as per the terms of Global Peace Index. Criminal groups and brothel owners exploit Nigerian women and girls in sex trafficking within Nigeria. Some are taken from Nigeria to other West and Central African countries, primarily Gabon, Cameroon, Ghana, Chad, Benin, Togo, Niger, Burkina Faso, and the Gambia. As per the National Population Commission, The highest number of reported cases of trafficking in 2017 was 1,424 out of these females aged 18 years and above were higher than the males with a total number of 1,001, and further the trend reducing as the total trafficking cases was 929 in 2019.

Below table is the population of Nigeria from 1960 to 2020:
YearPopulation
196045,138,460
196550,127,920
197055,982,142
197563,374,289
198073,423,646
198583,562,776
199095,212,454
1995107,948,339
2000122,283,853
2005138,865,014
2010158,503,203
2015181,137,454
2020206,139,587

Nigeria Country Code is NGA, Population of Nigeria in 1960 is 45,138,460, by 1970 the population increased by 10 million people to 55 million, by 1980 the population increased to 73 million and by 1990 the population is doubled to 95 million in 30 years, from 1990 to 2000 population increased to 122 million an increase of 27 million and 36 million from 2000 to 2010, the population growth in this period is 29.62 percent, From 2010 to 2020 the population growth was is 47 million resulting in total of 206 million, with a growth of 30.05 percent which is equivalent to the period from 1960 to 1990. The Nigeria population in 2021 is estimated to be 211 million. As per the National Population Commission, The Total Fertility Rate (TFR) for the year 2018 was 5.3 as the total births registered in 2019 was 6.8 million increased in two years when compared in 2017 was 5 million.

Source : worldbank

Below is the Nigerian cities list:

RankCitiesState/RegionPopulation
1LagosLagos15,388,000
2KanoKano4,103,000
3IbadanOyo3,649,000
4Port HarcourtRivers1,865,000
5Benin CityEdo1,782,000
6KadunaKaduna1,582,102
7OnitshaAnambra1,553,000
8AbujaFCT1,235,880
9ZariaKaduna975,153
10AbaAbia897,560
11JosPlateau816,824
12IlorinKwara814,192

Nigeria is a federation of 36 states and 1 federal capital territory. The Federal Capital Territory, is the capital territory of Nigeria, and it is in this territory that the capital city of Abuja is located. Each state is subdivided into local government areas and currently there are 774 local governments in Nigeria. Kano state is the populous state with more than 14 million, Bayelsa is the least populated state with 2.3 million. Niger is the largest state by area with 76,363 sq km, followed by Borno and Taraba with 70,898 sq km and 54,473 sq km.

RankStateArea (Sq KM)Population (2006)Population (2019)
1Kano20,1319,401,28814,253,549
2Lagos3,3459,113,60512,772,884
3Katsina24,1925,801,5849,300,382
4Kaduna46,0536,113,5038,324,285
5Bauchi49,1194,653,0667,540,663
6Oyo28,4545,580,8947,512,855
7Rivers11,0775,198,7167,034,973
8Jigawa23,1544,361,0026,779,080
9Niger76,3633,954,7726,220,617
10Ogun16,7623,751,1405,945,275
11Sokoto25,9733,702,6765,863,187
12Benue34,0594,253,6415,787,706
13Borno70,8984,171,1045,751,590
14Anambra4,8444,177,8285,599,910
15Zamfara39,7623,278,8735,317,793
16Delta17,6984,112,4455,307,543
17Imo5,5303,927,5635,167,722
18Kebbi36,8003,256,5415,001,610
19Ondo15,5003,460,8774,969,707
20Akwa Ibom7,0813,902,0514,780,581
21Adamawa36,9173,178,9504,536,948
22Edo17,8023,233,3664,461,137
23Plateau30,9133,206,5314,400,974
24Enugu7,1613,267,8374,396,098
25Osun9,2513,416,9594,237,396
26Cross River20,1562,892,9884,175,020
27Kogi29,8333,314,0434,153,734
28Abia6,3202,845,3803,841,943
29Gombe18,7682,365,0403,623,462
30Yobe45,5022,321,3393,398,177
31Ekiti6,3532,398,9573,350,401
32Taraba54,4732,294,8003,331,885
33Kwara36,8252,365,3533,259,613
34Ebonyi5,6702,176,9473,007,155
35Nasarawa27,1171,869,3772,632,239
36Bayelsa10,7731,704,5152,394,725
Federal Capital Territory7,3151,406,2392,702,443
TotalNigeria923,769140,431,790201,135,262


References

Source nationalpopulation

© 2019-2022 populationU, Research papers on Population dynamics and Social affairs