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Turkey Population

Turkey is a country located mainly on Anatolia in Western Asia, with a small portion on the Balkans in Southeast Europe, borders with Greece and Bulgaria to the northwest, Black Sea to the north, Georgia to the northeast, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran to the east, Iraq to the southeast, Syria and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Turkey population in 2022 is estimated to be 86.2 million, covers country area of 783,356 sq km (302,455 sq mi) , ranks seventeenth most populous country in the world, capital of Turkey is Ankara and its largest city and seaport is Istanbul, other most popular cities are Izmir, Antalya, Bursa, Adana, Konya, Gaziantep and Urfa.

Below table is the population of Turkey from 1960 to 2020:
YearPopulation
196027,472,339
196530,972,996
197034,876,296
197539,277,249
198043,975,972
198549,133,928
199053,921,758
199558,486,453
200063,240,196
200567,903,461
201072,326,992
201578,529,413
202084,339,067

Turkey population in 1960 is 27,472,339, by 1970 the population is increased by 7,403,957 totaling to 34,876,296, by 1980 the population is increased to 43,975,972, and by 1990 the total increase of 53,921,758 in 30 years from 1960 to 1990 resulting to 53,921,758. From 1990 to 2000, population increased to 63,240,196, and from 2000 to 2010 the population of Turkey increase by 9,086,796 with a change of 14.37 percent and increase of population from 2010 to 2020 by 12,012,075 with a change of 16.61 percent and make up to 84,339,067, Population of Turkey in 2021 is 85.3 million.

Number of people per square kilometer was 109 for Turkey and 2 thousand 976 for İstanbul: The population density, which is the number of persons per square kilometer, increased by 1 person compared to 2019 and reached to 109 in 2020. İstanbul had the highest population density with 2 thousand 976 persons per square kilometer. This province was followed by Kocaeli with 553 persons and İzmir with 366 persons. On the other side, similar to the previous year, Tunceli was the province which had the smallest population density with 11 persons per square kilometer. This province was followed by Ardahan and Erzincan with 20 persons. Population density of Konya which has the largest surface area was 58 and population density of Yalova which has the smallest surface area was 326.

Turkey is divided into 81 provinces/counties). Each province is divided into a number of different districts called ilçe. Each provincial government is seated in the central district (merkez ilçe). Below is the list of 2020 population as per the Turkey provinces, For non-metropolitan municipality designated provinces, the central district bears the name of the province.

ProvincesTotal Population (2020)MaleFemale
Adana2,258,7181,127,5161,131,202
Adıyaman632,459318,755313,704
Afyonkarahisar736,912367,399369,513
Ağrı535,435276,800258,635
Amasya335,494167,624167,870
Ankara5,663,3222,805,8772,857,445
Antalya2,548,3081,281,9431,266,365
Artvin169,50185,52383,978
Aydın1,119,084557,066562,018
Balıkesir1,240,285619,765620,520
Bilecik218,717111,190107,527
Bingöl281,768142,670139,098
Bitlis350,994180,982170,012
Bolu314,802156,340158,462
Burdur267,092134,124132,968
Bursa3,101,8331,550,7671,551,066
Çanakkale541,548271,456270,092
Çankırı192,42897,06595,363
Çorum530,126262,590267,536
Denizli1,040,915518,742522,173
Diyarbakır1,783,431899,516883,915
Edirne407,763205,775201,988
Elazığ587,960291,461296,499
Erzincan234,431119,325115,106
Erzurum758,279378,661379,618
Eskişehir888,828443,227445,601
Gaziantep2,101,1571,060,8201,040,337
Giresun448,721223,738224,983
Gümüşhane141,70271,94369,759
Hakkari280,514148,967131,547
Hatay1,659,320833,146826,174
Isparta440,304218,526221,778
Mersin1,868,757933,368935,389
İstanbul15,462,4527,750,8367,711,616
İzmir4,394,6942,187,2262,207,468
Kars284,923147,150137,773
Kastamonu376,377187,264189,113
Kayseri1,421,455712,710708,745
Kırklareli361,737184,250177,487
Kırşehir243,042119,725123,317
Kocaeli1,997,2581,009,533987,725
Konya2,250,0201,118,8501,131,170
Kütahya576,688284,575292,113
Malatya806,156401,610404,546
Manisa1,450,616728,724721,892
Kahramanmaraş1,168,163592,920575,243
Mardin854,716428,780425,936
Muğla1,000,773508,504492,269
Muş411,117209,647201,470
Nevşehir304,962151,134153,828
Niğde362,071181,692180,379
Ordu761,400380,031381,369
Rize344,359172,469171,890
Sakarya1,042,649522,388520,261
Samsun1,356,079670,675685,404
Siirt331,070168,939162,131
Sinop216,460107,689108,771
Sivas635,889318,771317,118
Tekirdağ1,081,065552,587528,478
Tokat597,861297,311300,550
Trabzon811,901402,224409,677
Tunceli83,44344,81538,628
Şanlıurfa2,115,2561,066,4021,048,854
Uşak369,433184,225185,208
Van1,149,342585,854563,488
Yozgat419,095209,257209,838
Zonguldak591,204293,068298,136
Aksaray423,011211,232211,779
Bayburt81,91042,00239,908
Karaman254,919127,829127,090
Kırıkkale278,703139,281139,422
Batman620,278312,137308,141
Şırnak537,762279,486258,276
Bartın198,97998,451100,528
Ardahan96,16149,81146,350
Iğdır201,314103,05998,255
Yalova276,050138,860137,190
Karabük243,614121,875121,739
Kilis142,79272,65270,140
Osmaniye548,556276,776271,780
Düzce395,679198,032197,647
Turkey All Provinces83,614,36241,915,98541,698,377

Source : worldbank

© 2019-2022 populationU, Research papers on Population dynamics and Social affairs