World Population > Japan

Tokyo Population


Tokyo is the Japan's capital city and largest urban economy in the world by gross domestic product. Tokyo population in 2020 is estimated to be 37 million and most populous city in the world, with more than 40% of population residing in the city center itself. Tokyo is spread over three prefectures and a major International development hub for business environment, financial sector, infrastructure and human capital and ranks sixth position on the 2019 Global Financial Centres Index and the largest metropolitan economy in the world. Tokyo Skytree was announced as the tallest tower in the world in 2010. Tokyo is set to host the 2020 Summer Olympics and it last hosted in 1964. Tokyo city has over 100 universities, hundreds of museums and over 200 parks. Prior to 1868, Tokyo was known as Edo prior to year 1868. By 16th century, It was a small town, With the Meiji Restoration of 1868, the capital moved from Kyoto to Edo, which was renamed Tokyo. By 1700 the city grew to become one of the largest cities in the world with a population of over one million. Tokyo is one of the largest population agglomerations in the world, due to high density of city population, Tokyo real estate is most expensive in the world and is popular for having capsule hotels, which consist of a room no larger than a refrigerator for short hours stay. Tokyo has 6.946 million households, with an average 1.94 persons per household. The number of foreign residents according to the basic resident register is 440,000 as of October 1, 2015. The city has foreigners from all over the world, and has the major foreign communities are, Chinese the largest with 126,498 people, followed by Koreans with 109,824, then Filipinos with 31,365, and North Americans with 18,409. Shinjuku ward has the highest foreign population with 30,337 inhabitants and almost half of them are Koreans and about a one-third of them Chinese nationals.

Tokyo city UN Urban Agglomeration Population Prospects - 1950 to 1935
YearTokyo Population
Source:, 1950 to 1935 Tokyo city Population(UA)

The 26 cities of Tokyo are: Akiruno-shi, Akishima-shi, Chofu-shi, Fuchu-shi, Fussa-shi, Hachioji-shi, Hamura-shi, Higashikurume-shi, Higashimurayama-shi, Higashiyamato-shi, Hino-shi, Inagi-shi, Kiyose-shi, Kodaira-shi, Koganei-shi, Kokubunji-shi, Komae-shi, Kunitachi-shi, Machida-shi, Mitaka-shi, Musashimurayama-shi, Musashino-shi, Nishitokyo-shi, Ome-shi, Tachikawa-shi, Tama-shi. Tokyo has two major rivers, the Sumida running north to south into Tokyo Bay and Tama runs west to east and other major rivers are Edo, Arakawa and Kanda. The 5 towns of Tokyo are Hinode-machi, Mizuho-machi, Okutama-machi, Hachijo-machi, Ohshima-machi.

Tokyo Size and Population

Tokyo is made up of 23 wards and 62 municipalities, and metropolis population is 13.9 Million as on 2019 and has area of 2,194 Sq km with density of 6,349 persons per sq km, and metro area of 13,572 sq km with 2,662 persons sq km.

Religion wise Tokyo Population

The main religions in Tokyo are Christianity, Buddhism, and Shinto.

Languages spoken in Tokyo

The main language and official language of Tokyo is Japanese.

Tokyo History

According to Japan experience, The Tokyo area has been inhabited since ancient times started out as a small fishing village, first settled around 3,000 B.C. and the place is known as Edo. Edo's development into a city did not occur until the Tokugawa period (1603–1867), when it became the capital of the Tokugawa shogunate. Edo had been Japan's largest city since the 17th century, the population in 1720 is expected to be more than 1 million. During this period, the city underwent economic and cultural changes, making it one of the largest cities in the world. Tokugawa shogunate ruled for more than 250 years until it is overthrown in 1868 by Imperial Army. Emperor Meiji moved to Edo and the city name was formally changed to Tokyo, meaning eastern capital. Meiji period was from 1868 to 1912 which is the time of reforms, this regime made education compulsory and created the imperial universities of Tokyo and Kyoto. The Meiji era brought a new urban model, inspired by the West. The Chinese lunisolar calendar is phased out and Gregorian calendar is introduced within the country. The development of its new industries like steel, shipbuilding and coal enabled Japan to rise in 1900 to the rank of a major world economic power. The development of new means of transport gave way to railway lines, Paved roads, brick buildings and gas street lights. On the death of Emperor Mutsuhito in 1912, Japan achieved the feat of moving from a feudal state to one of the world's greatest powers. The population reached 2 million in 1905. By 1935 the resident population of Tokyo had grown to 6.36 million, World War II bombing of Japan began just months after the surprise attack at Pearl Harbor, The Pacific War, which broke out in 1941, Tokyo was bombed 102 times. In the final phase of the war in 1945, in which there was great human loss and material damage. Much of Tokyo was destroyed by the bombings and by October 1945 the population had fallen to 3.49 million, half its total population in 1940. Tokyo was greatly expanded in preparation for the 1963 Summer Olympics, Tokyo's mass transit system which runs underground is the busiest in the world ferrying more than 8.7 million commuters a day and more than 3.2 billion annually of its 200 miles of tracks.

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