By Earth graph, World Population in 2021 is estimated to be 7.9 billion, is the total people lived on the earth, Out of which China population constitutes to 18.5%, secondly India Population by 17.9%, United States Population by 4.3%, Indonesia by 3.5% and Brazil by 2.8%. Scientists predict the total human history was 200,000 to 300,000 years, i.e, Humans were early traced between 198,000 B.C - 298,000 B.C. In Continent wise Asia dominates currently with 4.4 Billion, Africa with 1.2 billion, Europe with 738 million and North-South America and others by 1.4 Billion.
As per UN, The global population aged 60 years or over with an estimated of 962 million in year 2017, It is more than twice as large as in 1980 when there were 382 million older persons worldwide. The older population of the developing regions is growing much faster than in the developed regions. The number is expected to double again by 2050, and it is projected to reach nearly 2.1 billion old age people. Over the coming decades, the number of older persons is expected to grow fastest in Africa, where the population aged 60 or over is projected to increase Africa has 68.7 millions, 549 Million in Asia, 183 million in Europe, 78 and 76 million in North and Latin America. Japan population is shrinking due to low fertility rates and society and cultural infrastructure, the aging population is rapidly increasing and Tokyo is the most populous city in the world, Taiwan, is another with low birth rates. The population of Canada is 38 million, UK is 68.8 million and Australia is 25.7 million.
Coronavirus disease is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2, called Covid-19, first identified in Wuhan, a city in China, on December 2019 and has resulted in an ongoing pandemic. As of 13 April 2021, more than 137.44 million cases have been reported across 188 countries and territories, resulting in more than 2,962,470 deaths, The top covid virus affected countries with most cases are US with 32 million, India with 13.6 million and Brazil with 13.5 million. The Covid vaccine list provides SARS-COV-2 disease vaccines from various manufactures around the world.
The chart listed the population milestones from 1804 from the 1 Billion range. The United Nations did predict the world population by the year 2100 after another 80 years will be 10 Billion considering as medium variant, If high variant is considered then the population will raise to 15 Billion and 6.2 Billion for a lower variant which is lower than the population of today.
|2023||8 Billion (est)|
|2035–2050||9 Billion (est)|
What was the population in 10,000 BC?
200 years ago there were less than one billion humans living on earth. Today, according to UN calculations there are over 7 billion and projected in 2100 it will be around 11 billion with the growth rate of 2.1. At 1 BC the the population expected to be 188 Million, and at 10000 BC the expected population to be 2.4 million as per Oxford researcher.
|20000 BC||100||10,000 BC||2.4||1 CE||188|
|19000 BC||160||9000 BC||3.5||1000||270|
|18000 BC||220||8000 BC||5||1500||500|
|17000 BC||290||7000 BC||7.5||1600||553|
|16000 BC||380||6000 BC||11||1700||603|
|15000 BC||500||5000 BC||18||1800||989|
|14000 BC||610||4000 BC||28||1900||1650|
|13000 BC||800||3000 BC||44||1,950||2500|
|12000 BC||1100||2000 BC||72||2000||6000|
|11000 BC||1600||1000 BC||115||2019||7400|
|Region, subregion, country or area||2020||2021||2022||2023||2024||2025||2030||2040||2050||2060||2070||2080||2090||2100|
|UN development groups|
|More developed regions||1,273,304||1,275,280||1,277,068||1,278,667||1,280,081||1,281,312||1,285,149||1,283,648||1,271,850||1,253,480||1,233,311||1,216,283||1,203,621||1,193,578|
|Less developed regions||6,521,494||6,603,378||6,685,944||6,769,132||6,852,891||6,937,189||7,366,612||8,269,537||9,271,380||10,479,597||12,011,714||14,024,425||16,745,201||20,439,159|
|World Bank income groups|
|No income group available||2,944||2,979||3,016||3,053||3,091||3,129||3,327||3,736||4,136||4,568||5,075||5,666||6,348||7,131|
|Latin America and the Caribbean||653,962||660,102||666,230||672,335||678,405||684,426||713,384||763,009||802,030||832,769||855,984||873,457||889,252||906,886|
African Continent has a population of 1 Billion as estimated on 2017, With the annual rate of 2.7 compared to more developed regions, Eastern europe and central asia(0.9), Arab states or Middle east region has a population of 359 million and growing quickly with annual average rate of 2.1 when compared to Africa, the rate of change is 1.5 times more than the world annual rate of 1.2. Rapid population growth keeps poor countries poor, this may happen to some of the African Nations and Asian countries due to weaker policies, on the other side it may be reverse for Arab States as they may get much richer by having a good annual rate.
rate of change,
rate, per woman
|Asia and the Pacific||3,960||1||2.1||70||73|
|Eastern Europe and Central Asia||243||0.9||2.1||70||77|
|Latin American and Caribbean||641||1.1||2||72||79|
|East and Southern Africa||581||2.7||4.5||61||65|
|West and Central Africa||424||2.7||5.2||56||58|
|More developed regions||1,260||0.3||1.7||76||82|
|Less developed regions||6,290||1.4||2.6||68||72|
|Least developed countries||1,002||2.4||4||63||66|
South Korea has the lowest world fertility rate with 1.1 by 2018, followed by Japan with 1.4, Spain and Italy with 1.3 each. China is ranking 1 in terms of population by 2019 with 1.41 billion people but the population rate is declining to 1.6 due to rapid population control from 1980 to 2000, Guangdong and Shandong provinces are with 109 and 100 million people, Shanghai and Beijing are the highest populated cities with 24 and 23 million, and rank 2 is india with 1.36 billion with 2.3 fertility rate and will surpass China in 2026. Indian States like Uttar Pradesh and Maharastra are with 228 and 120 million. Highest populated cities in Delhi and Mumbai including metropolitan area with 18.8 and 20 million.It is believed that somewhere around 300,000 years before homo sapiens arrived from Africa to Tamil Nadu region which is southern part of India bordered with Karnataka. One of the oldest civilizations of India is Indus Valley Civilisation around 5500 BC, is currently part of Punjab, Bihar, Rajasthan and Gujarat Region. Bengali is the widely spoken language of 91 million people in India in West Bengal and Assam after Hindi language with 550 million people, Madhya Pradesh state alone has 64 million hindi speakers, and Telugu is the third most speakers with 85 million in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. On 5th August 2019, India passed the resolution of forming 2 Union Territories, Ladakh and Jammu and Kashmir for the northern part of India.
Slavery in America started in the year of 1619, when 20 Africans were brought to Virginia in a dutch ship. The Slavery was finally abolished on the 13th Amendment to the US Constitution on January 31, 1865. Illinois was the first state to give formal consent to the 13th amendment to abolish slavery. But before that five of the northern states who are self declared adopted policies to abolish slavery, Pennsylvania in 1780, New Hampshire and Massachusetts in 1783, and Connecticut and Rhode Island in 1784. Ohio state has over 40,000 miles of waterways. The largest states of United States are Alaska, Texas, California, Montana and New Mexico. New York State is the fourth largest state and some of the world's popular theme parks, including Disney World, Universal Studios, and SeaWorld are in Florida State. The Wright brothers, had their first successful flight in North Carolina, a state is named in honor of King Charles I of England, North and South Carolina were one colony until 1729. The name Michigan is derived from the Ojibwa Indian word 'meicigama' means 'large water', a state is known for its great lakes. New Jersey was named after the Isle of Jersey, an Island in the English Channel. Arizona is known for the famous Grand Canyon and desert. Washington is the second most populous state on the West Coast and in the Western United States, Virginia is the oldest state and one of the original 13 colonies at the time of European revolution, also the state Massachusetts, which was named after the native tribe, also its best state for higher education. Tennessee was named after a Indian Cherokee town 'Tanasi' and the state of Indiana was named after Native Indians, Missouri was named after Natives of Sioux tribe. Alabama settled by the Choctaw, the Creek, Cherokee, and the Chickasaw. Maryland is called little America, because it has all type of terrains like mountains, beaches, sand dunes, farmland and forest similar to Colorado. People first arrived in the area now called Louisiana around 12,000 years ago. The state Wisconsin was first inhabited by various Native American tribes like Chippewa, Menominee, Oneida, Potawatomi and Ho Chunk. Minnesota has 11,842 lakes of 10 acres or more. One of the world's great invention of electric light bulb in 1883 by Thomas Edison was from Louisville, Kentucky state. According to Texas Facts, Texas is second only to California in terms of population. States with the Lowest Cost of Living as per index are Mississippi, Kansas, Oklahoma, Arkansas and Missouri and Cost of Living in California is expensive.
Australia is the largest country in Oceania, divided states are New South Wales, Tasmania, South Australia, Victoria, Queensland, and Western Australia. Canadian provinces are Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan, and three Canadian territories are Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon. United Kingdom consists of countries England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.
|Population Rank||Countries||Total population
rate of change,
rate, per woman
|3||United States of America||324.5||0.7||1.9||77||82|
The global rankings on women's inclusion, justice, and security offer multiple insights. As per GIWPS 2017-2018 report of 153 countries Average women index of having equality is 0.68 compared to men and top 5 countries on earth are Iceland(1), Norway(2), Switzerland(3), Slovenia(4) and Spain(5) and 5 countries with poor equality status for women are Afghanistan(153), Syria(152), Yemen(151), Pakistan(150) and Central African Republic(149). In terms of mean years of schooling Germany has the average of 14 years, followed by United States and Canada with 13.5 years. Burkina Faso, Mali, Burundi, Ethiopia are the lowest with 1.3 to 2 years. 62 million girls around the world are denied an education, which often dooms them to a life of poverty and dependence(globalcitizen.org).
One way to empower women around the world is to help them gain land rights. According to landesa.org, Only 30% of the world's population own land titles, and women are often the least likely to have land registered. More than 400 million women farm, yet only about 15% of farmland is owned by women. Finland, Denmark and Norway has 100% Financial inclusion(Percentage of women ages 15 and older who report having an individual or joint account) where top 5 countries having the poor standard of financial inclusion are Turkmenistan(1.5%), Yemen(1.6%), Niger(2.5%), Pakistan(3%) and Central African Republic(3.4). Countries of Women are using 100% cellphone(Percentage of women ages 15 years and older who report having a mobile phone that they use to make and receive personal calls) are United Arab Emirates, Libya and Finland. Cuba has one of the least with only 7.6%, and Syria, Sudan, Pakistan and Burundi has less than 35% use of cellphone. Rwanda and Bolivia has 50% In terms of Parliamentary representation(Percentage of seats held by women in lower and upper houses of national parliament) where Qatar and Yemen has no women represents for parliament, Thailand, Lebanon and Haiti has less than 5% representation and United States is less than 20% of women for Parliament.
In the justice dimension, legal discrimination is extensive in the worst-scoring countries in all regions. Legal discrimination index (Aggregate score for laws and regulations that limit women’s ability to participate in society and the economy or that differentiate between men and women) United Kingdom, Spain, Mexico, Bosia & Malta has the best legal discriminate laws and index is 8, where as most notable are Saudi Arabia index is 54, one of the most gender-unequal countries on Earth, followed by Yemen, UAE, Syria, Oman, Jordan, Afghanistan and Iran with 45 to 48. Best score is 7, Global average is 23 and worst is 54.
Son bias is preference for boys reflects serious discrimination against girls and women, China(1.16), Azerbaijan and Armenia has high ratio, followed by Vietnam(1.12), India(1.109), Georgia(1.106), Pakistan(1.087) and Maldives(1.10). Son bias is the discrimination against girls and women, In an influential 1990 article, Amartya Sen examined the high ratios of men to women in several countries and estimated that more than 100 million women were “missing” worldwide, these numbers tell us, quietly, a terrible story of inequality and neglect leading to the excess mortality of women. Best score is 1.02, Global average is 1.08 and worst score is 1.16.
Expansion of urban regions was driven in different parts of the world, with growing economic prosperity and infrastructures expanding road, railway and air networks. This makes people of the middle class move towards the urban and suburban towns for the better quality of life. Currently the top 3 populated cities are Tokyo, Delhi, Shanghai. North America is one of the most urbanized regions of the world with most of people living in urban areas like São Paulo and followed by Mexico City is the fifth populous city. Growth was always closely related to economic development, larger cities tend to perform better economic output. In case of the south-east asia monocentric urban agglomeration of Seoul, nearly all urban functions are concentrated in the core city, its the populous city in South Korea with 10 million. The data refers only to the population of municipalities within their city limits, some of the populations of other municipalities considered suburbs of neighbourhood city, and some are unincorporated areas within urban agglomerations are also included. Moscow is located in the far western part and political center of the Russia, city reconstruction plan according to urban needs along major roads was adopted in 1935. Turkey's most populous city offers a literal bridge between the regions of Europe and Asia, Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey that straddles Europe and Asia across the Bosphorus Strait. Italy's capital city Rome has been attracting foreign dignitaries, pilgrims and leisure tourists and while most of the main attractions are centuries old, this is a living, breathing city with plenty of ancient structures appeal for those seeking a more modern form of fun. Spanish capital city Madrid has a great mix of sights and culture, and the food is amazing, While some travelers have tended to skip the Spanish capital in favor of Barcelona or Basque country. Paris is the France capital and one of the oldest city and top tourist destinations in Europe, It has always melted visitors heart, some of the iconic sites like the Louvre and the Pere Lachaise Cemetery. It is popular for boulevards, plazas, monuments, gardens and beautiful bridges. London is one of the ancient city and most powerful cities of the ancient world. In 2019, Bangkok ranked 1st surpassing Paris and London in Global Destination Cities Index 2019 with 22.78 million visitors. Johannesburg is the largest city of south africa and economic capital of the African continent.
In North America, large urban agglomerations can be seen rising along the east coast where the first colonial settlements. This urbanization trend was started over centuries by road networks and later railway lines and train stations. Due to the population flow to urban towns, The service areas quickly picks up with the population service requirements either it is in municipal,banking or utilities. When considering U.S. municipal, metro and metropolitan area populations, Most populated cities are New York City is the most populous city in the United States and eleventh populous in the world with 8.2 million. Toronto is more like somewhere between Chicago and Philadelphia, than resembling NYC. Some of the towns evolved as trading centres and mainly harbours as transportation hubs if these are close to coasts. They have been later connected with the hinterland and the west coast through railways, followed by Los Angeles with 3.9 million in the Southern California state, Chicago in the Illinois state and is the third populous, and followed by cities like Houston. In the mid west, these areas are the key drivers near to the Great Lakes and transportation hubs can be identified as an agglomeration covering several cities like Phoenix and Philadelphia. Along the U.S West Coast, the urban statistics turned out in various factors with harbour cities like Seattle, San Francisco, Los Angeles and San Diego which are connected with the hinterland. Washington, D.C. is the political and administrative centre with historical and cultural heritage, New York is the commercial, service and banking centre, while Boston can be seen as academic centre. Memphis is a city on the Mississippi River in southwest Tennessee. Las Vegas is most popular for the resort city for gambling, nightlife, entertainment and shopping of the world. Albuquerque is the largest city of the U.S state of New Mexico.
Religion is often said that its a belief and worship or a cultural system, But its the non-removal dress you wear to your mind without knowledge from your birth. The older religions on earth are, As per the pew research center in 2015, Christianity is the largest religion with 31% with 2.3 billion world Christian population, followed by Muslims make the second largest religion with 1.8 billion world Muslim population around 24%, followed by 15% of world hindus population and Buddhists are 7%, remaining 23% belongs to other groups like Jains, Jews and members of other religions represent smaller shares. As per the report European Christians percentage is decreasing rapidly due to lower fertility rate and Muslims are growing faster and will be largest religion by 2060. The fertility rates among religions are Muslims with 2.9, Christians with 2.6, Hindus with 2.3, Buddhists with 1.6 and Folk and all other religions with 1.8 to 2.4. Regarding the youngest median age world population Muslims with 24 years, followed by Hindus with 27 years and world population Christianity with 30 years age.
Today, the fastest population growth is found on the planet from 1900 onwards where poverty is worst. Between 1900 and 2000, as the world's population was exploding, per capita income grew quicker than before 1900, Many of the countries income was rising and for individual nearly fivefold. But it's not clear that population growth is the key problem of many countries where many of the governments are lacking to provide skills and create work. Approximately 5 Billion population are living under low standards of income levels out of which 1 Billion people are living by poor income levels as estimated on 2011, Another 3.9 Billion living under Low income levels. In many of the countries, the cost of living usually has the highest priority. However, other factors such as medical care or political stability should also be taken into account, cost of living in the usa is expensive considering the numerous factors of different countries in order to derive a ranking for the quality of life.
|Level||as on 2011 by percent||point change, 2001 to 2011||Worldbank Threshold 2019|
|Middle income||13%||5%||$995 - $3,895|
|Upper-middle income||9%||2%||$3,896 - $12,055|
|High income||7%||1%||> $12,055|
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