Albania is a country in Southeastern Europe, borders with Montenegro to the northwest, Kosovo to the northeast, North Macedonia to the east and Greece to the south, located in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula on the Strait of Otranto, the southern entrance to the Adriatic Sea. Albania population in 2023 is estimated to be 2.78 million, covers country area of 28,748 sq km (11,100 sq mi), ranks one-hundred-thirty-ninth populous country in the world. According to instat Population of Albania in January 2022 is 2,793,592 inhabitants, decreased by 1.3 percent compared to January 2021. During 2021 the natural population increase was -3,296 inhabitants, marking for the first time negative natural increase. The number of immigrants in the year 2021 was 9,195 persons and the number of emigrants was 42,048 persons. Net migration experienced an increase in absolute value, compared to the previous year: from -16,684 to -32,853 inhabitants in 2021. The median age of population results 38.2 years old from 37.6 that was in 2021. Sex ratio of total population in January 2022 has decreased compared to January 2021 from 99.3 to 98.6 males for 100 females.
Capital of Albania is Tirana, is the largest city, followed by Durr, Vlor, Elbasan, Shkod and Fier. Albania country code is ALB. Albania is a developing country with an upper-middle income economy, dominated by Agriculture, Mining, Service sector, manufacturing and Tourism. The health care system of the country is currently organised in three levels, among others primary, secondary and tertiary healthcare. The National Library of Albania was established in 1920. The country has a school life expectancy of 16 years and a literacy rate of 98.7%. Free education in Albania based on three levels of education segmented in primary, secondary and tertiary education. The languages taught in schools are English, Italian, French and German. Albania energy resources are gas, oil coal, wind, solar and water, Currently, the electricity generation sector of Albania is dependent on hydroelectricity.Below table is the population of Albania from 1960 to 2020:
Albania population in 1960 is 1,608,800, by 1970 the population is increased by 526,679 totaling to 2,135,479, by 1980 the population is increased to 2,671,997, and by 1990 the total increase of 3,286,542 in 30 years from 1960 to 1990 resulting to 3,286,542. From 1990 to 2000, population increased to 3,089,027, and from 2000 to 2010 the population of Albania decline by -176,006 with a change of -5.70 percent and decrease of population from 2010 to 2020 by -75,278 with a change of -2.58 percent and make up to 2,837,743. Albania population in 2022 is estimated to be 2.811 million, Population of Albania in 2021 is estimated 2.82 million. Albania's population over the last three decades population is declining due to low birth rates and the large emigration due to post-communist era.
In January 2022 Tiran? prefecture occupies around 32.9 % of total population, continuing to be the most populated prefecture in the country, followed by Durr?s and Fier with 10.4 % and 10.0 % respectively. Regarding the other prefectures, five of them occupies respectively from 2 % to 5 % of total population. Below is the prefecture populations from 2017 to 2022.
The counties of Albania are the largest administrative subdivisions of Albania. The 12 counties are composed of 61 municipalities, further dividing into 373 administrative units. Population of Albanian counties are the estimates in 2020.
|County||Municipalities||Territorial Units||Area||Population (2020)|
|Berat||Berat, Ku?ov?, Poli?an, Skrapar, Ura Vajgurore||Southern Region||1,798?sq km(694 ?sq mi)||122,003|
|Dib?r||Bulqiz?, Dib?r, Klos, Mat||Northern Region||2,586?sq km(998?sq?mi)||115,857|
|Durr?s||Durr?s, Kruj?, Shijak||Northern Region||766?sq km(296?sq?mi)||290,697|
|Elbasan||Belsh, C?rrik, Elbasan, Gramsh, Librazhd, Peqin, Prrenjas||Central Region||3,199?sq km(1,235?sq?mi)||270,074|
|Fier||Divjak?, Fier, Lushnj?, Mallakast?r, Patos, Roskovec||Southern Region||1,890?sq km(730?sq?mi)||289,889|
|Gjirokast?r||Dropull, Gjirokast?r, K?lcyr?, Libohov?, Memaliaj, P?rmet, Tepelen?||Southern Region||2,884?sq km(1,114?sq?mi)||59,381|
|Kor??||Devoll, Kolonj?, Kor??, Maliq, Pogradec, Pustec||Southern Region||3,711?sq km(1,433?sq?mi)||204,831|
|Kuk?s||Has, Kuk?s, Tropoj?||Northern Region||2,374?sq km(917?sq?mi)||75,428|
|Lezh?||Kurbin, Lezh?, Mirdit?||Northern Region||1,620?sq km(630?sq?mi)||122,700|
|Shkod?r||Fush?-Arr?z, Mal?si e Madhe, Puk?, Shkod?r, Vau i Dej?s||Northern Region||3,562?sq km(1,375?sq?mi)||200,007|
|Tirana||Kam?z, Kavaj?, Rrogozhin?, Tirana, Vor?||Central Region||1,652?sq km(638?sq?mi)||906,166|
|Vlor?||Delvin?, Finiq, Himar?, Konispol, Sarand?, Selenic?, Vlor?||Southern Region||2,706?sq km(1,045?sq?mi)||188,922|
According to instat Life expectancy of Albania from 2017 to 2021.
Below list is the Average population by age-group and sex in January 2021.
|Age group||Male||Female||Total 2022|
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