Bosnia and Herzegovina is a country at the crossroads of south and southeast Europe, located in the Balkans, borders Serbia to the east, Montenegro to the southeast, and Croatia to the north and southwest. Republika Srpska is one of the two entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the other being the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bosnia and Herzegovina population in 2022 is estimated to be 3.23 million, covers country area of 51,129 sq km (19,741 sq mi), ranks one-hundred-thirty-forth most populous country in the world. Bosnia and Herzegovina is home to three ethnic inhabitants namely Bosniaks, Serbs and Croats, including a number of smaller groups of Jews and Roma. Bosnia and Herzegovina capital is Sarajevo and most populous, Mostar is the largest city of Herzegovina, and popular cities are Banja Luka, Prijedor, Tuzla, Zenica, Bijeljina, Brčko, Doboj and Cazin. Bosnia and Herzegovina sometimes called Bosnia–Herzegovina and often known informally as Bosnia. Country code is BIH, Population of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2021 is estimated as 3.25 million. Bosnia is the inland region of the country, Herzegovina is the smaller southern region of the country, has a Mediterranean climate and is mostly mountainous. Official languages are Bosnian, Croatian, English and Serbian.Below table is the population of Bosnia and Herzegovina from 1960 to 2020:
Bosnia and Herzegovina population in 1960 is 3,225,664, by 1970 the population is increased by 534,872 totaling to 3,760,536, by 1980 the population is increased to 4,179,850, and by 1990 the total increase of 4,463,422 in 30 years from 1960 to 1990 resulting to 4,463,422. Large population migrations during the Yugoslav Wars in the 1990s have caused demographic shifts in the country. Between 1991 and 2013, According to the popis, The 2013 census found a total population of 3,531,159 people, a drop of approximately 20 percent since 1991. Bosnia and Herzegovina decrease by -45,698 with a change of -1.22 percent and further decline of population from 2010 to 2020 by -424,663 with a change of -11.46 percent and make up to 3,280,815. The 2013 census shows that Bosnian Serbs make up 30.8 percent of the population, down from 31.2 percent in 1991, while Croats account for 15.4 percent, down from 17.4 percent in 1991. Overall, the population of Bosnia dropped nearly 20 percent to just over 3.5 million by 2013.
Bosnia and Herzegovina country is largely decentralized. It comprises two autonomous entities, the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Republika Srpska—and a third unit, the Brčko District. The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, FBiH, the bigger of the two entities, has a population of 2,219,220 people. Republika Srpska, the Serbian dominated entity, has a total population of 1,228,423, and the autonomous District of Brcko, 83,516.
|Bosna i Hercegovina||3,531,159||1,732,270||1,798,889|
|Brčko Distrikt BiH||83,516||41,250||42,266|
Bosnia and Herzegovina population statistics according to ethnic people. Bosniaks now make up 50.11 percent of the population, Serbs 30.78 percent and Croats 15.43 percent of the population.
|Population (2013)||Bosnian||Croatian||Serbian||Other||No answer|
|Bosna i Hercegovina||3,531,159||1,866,585||515,481||1,086,027||55,579||7,487|
|Brčko Distrikt BiH||83,516||36,360||16,753||29,004||1,261||138|
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