Botswana Population 2024


Botswana is a landlocked country in Southern Africa, borders South Africa to the south and southeast, Namibia to the west and north, and Zimbabwe to the north-east. Botswana population in 2024 is estimated to be 2.57 million, covers country area of 581,730 sq km (224,610 sq mi), ranks forty-seventh country by area and the one-hundred-forty-forth most populous country in the world. Its capital is Gaborone and largest city, other popular cities are Francistown, Molepolole, Maun, Mogoditshane and Selibe Phikwe. Botswana is connected to Zambia across the short Zambezi River border by the Kazungula Bridge, Country code is BWA, The official language of Botswana is English, Setswana is widely spoken across the country with more than 77 percent of population.

Botswana is considered a peaceful country, There are many issues in the country such as HIV/AIDS, poverty, inequality and unemployment, thereby increasing crime rate. Government needs to address the root causes of problems in the country in order to build a more secure society for the people.

Below table is the population of Botswana from 1960 to 2020:

Botswana Population Growth

Botswana population in 1960 is 502,733, by 1970 the population is increased by 124,981 totaling to 627,714, by 1980 the population is increased to 897,860, and by 1990 the total increase of 1,286,756 in 30 years from 1960 to 1990 resulting to 1,286,756. From 1990 to 2000, population increased to 1,643,333, and from 2000 to 2010 the population of Botswana increase by 343,773 with a change of 20.92 percent and increase of population from 2010 to 2020 by 364,519 with a change of 18.34 percent and make up to 2,351,625. Botswana population in 2023 is estimated to be 2.51 million, population in 2022 is estimated to be 2.44 million, Population of Botswana in 2021 is estimated as 2.41 million.

Source : worldbank

Botswana Districts

Botswana is divided into 17 administrative districts, out of these 10 are rural districts and 7 are urban districts.

DistrictPopulation 2011Area (sq km)Density (per sq km)
Gaborone City231,5921691,370
Francistown City98,961791,253
Lobatse Town29,00742691
Selebi-Phikwe Town49,41150990
Jwaneng Town18,008100180
Orapa Town9,53117561
Sowa Township3,59815922.63
Southern District197,76728,4706.9465
South-East District85,0141,78047.76
Kweneng District304,54931,1009.793
Kgatleng District91,6607,96011.515
Central District576,064142,0764.054619
North-East District60,2645,12011.770
Ngamiland District152,284109,1301.39544
Chobe District23,34720,8001.1225
Ghanzi District43,095117,9100.365491
Kgalagadi District50,752105,2000.48243



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