World Population

Alberta Population

Alberta is a province in Western Canada, borders British Columbia to the west, Saskatchewan to the east, the Northwest Territories (NWT) to the north, and the U.S. state of Montana to the south. According to statcan, Alberta population in 2021 is estimated to be 4.4 million, fourth populous province after Quebec, Ontario and British Columbia, and area is 661,848 sq. km. (255,541 sq mi) is the sixth-largest in Canada. Alberta is renowned for its natural beauty, richness in fossils and for housing important nature reserves. Alberta was named after Princess Louise Caroline Alberta (1848–1939), the fourth daughter of Queen Victoria. Princess Louise was the wife of John Campbell, Marquess of Lorne, Governor General of Canada. Edmonton is the capital city of Alberta, is located at geographic centre of the province. It is the most northerly major city in Canada, and serves as a gateway and hub for resource development in northern Canada. Calgary is a city in the western Canadian province of Alberta, and is about 280 km south of Edmonton and 240 km north of Montana. Lethbridge is about 215 km south of Calgary, is the third city of Alberta with metropolitan status. Alberta's population has experienced a relatively high rate of growth since year 2000, mainly because of its expanding economy. Alberta's economy was one of the strongest in the world, due to its petroleum industry. In 2020, Alberta had the third-largest economy in Canada after Ontario and Quebec, with a GDP exceeding CA$307 billion.

By 2046, Alberta's population is expected to reach almost 6.4 million people, an increase of roughly 1.9 million people from 2020, as arrivals from other countries account for about 54% of the expected growth over the projection period. The population become more concentrated in urban centres, especially along the Edmonton-Calgary Corridor, 80% of Albertans are expected to live in this region by 2046.

As per 2016 census, Below is the population by Age and sex. Population of Alberta as per 2016 census is 4,067,175, increase of 412,918 people from the last 2011 census of Population with 3,645,257. By 2016 census the Population from 0 to 14 years are 779,155, 15 to 64 years are 2,787,805, 65 years and over are 500,215, 85 years and over are 63,385.

Age GroupTotalMaleFemale
0 to 4 years266,515136,520129,995
5 to 9 years270,715138,990131,725
10 to 14 years241,920124,060117,860
15 to 19 years240,035123,625116,410
20 to 24 years261,830133,990127,840
25 to 29 years310,940156,715154,225
30 to 34 years333,175167,555165,620
35 to 39 years305,505153,655151,850
40 to 44 years281,205142,545138,660
45 to 49 years269,030135,855133,180
50 to 54 years284,310142,205142,100
55 to 59 years275,540138,565136,970
60 to 64 years226,230113,440112,790
65 to 69 years173,68085,50088,180
70 to 74 years117,03556,43060,610
75 to 79 years83,95539,10544,845
80 to 84 years62,16527,59034,575
85 to 89 years39,96516,05023,915
90 to 94 years18,0255,75512,275
95 to 99 years4,7351,1453,595
100 years and over650115535


Ethnic groups

According to Stats, Alberta’s share of national immigration was 9.6% in the fourth quarter, which was lower than the same period in 2019 (12.3%) and the lowest share for the province since 2008. As of April 1, 2021, Alberta's population was 4,444,277. International migration showed some signs of recovery, supported by the highest levels of immigration and net NPRs seen throughout the pandemic. Below are the Alberta Citizenship stats as on 2016 census.

ResidentsPopulationMaleFemale
Canadian citizens3,622,7401,825,1351,797,600
Canadian citizens aged under 18854,815439,065415,755
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over2,767,9201,386,0701,381,850
Not Canadian citizens355,410173,365182,045
People up to third generation are officially termed as non-immigrants and thereon the people inflow is termed as immigrants. Below table indicates Ontario immigration numbers per year:
ImmigrantsPopulationMaleFemale
Non-immigrants3,062,7751,550,4451,512,335
Immigrants845,220412,320432,895
Before 1981163,46081,62081,840
1981 to 199086,35041,69044,660
1991 to 2000131,56062,93068,630
2001 to 2010256,055125,235130,820
2001 to 2005109,14553,42555,720
2006 to 2010146,91071,81075,100
2011 to 2016207,790100,845106,945
Non-permanent residents70,15535,73534,420
Immigrants by selected place of birth : The place of birth of father and place of birth of mother questions in the Census of Population help to determine the country in which each of the immigrant parents was born. The Alberta state officially categorizes its population into six groups, they are Native American/Alaskan Native, Pacific Islander, African American, European Whites, Asian, and Native Hawaiian. Below table is the Immigrants by selected place of birth:
Place of BirthPopulation
Americas103,540
Brazil2,545
Colombia9,535
El Salvador7,255
Guyana2,555
Haiti1,270
Jamaica6,845
Mexico15,665
Peru1,920
Trinidad and Tobago3,415
United States30,460
Other places of birth in Americas22,075
Europe189,770
Bosnia and Herzegovina4,555
Croatia3,080
France2,535
Germany19,205
Greece2,005
Hungary3,665
Ireland3,935
Italy8,110
Netherlands14,035
Poland16,925
Portugal4,050
Romania7,725
Russian Federation7,260
Serbia2,255
Ukraine8,150
United Kingdom59,215
Other places of birth in Europe23,060
Africa89,740
Algeria1,340
Egypt5,320
Ethiopia10,570
Kenya5,120
Morocco1,695
Nigeria12,405
Somalia7,060
South Africa, Republic of7,355
Other places of birth in Africa38,865
Asia452,225
Afghanistan5,190
Bangladesh5,085
China57,690
Hong Kong19,110
India91,660
Iran
Census data footnote
61"8,910
Iraq5,935
Japan3,065
Korea, South13,850
Lebanon10,395
Pakistan28,075
Philippines123,830
Sri Lanka4,835
Syria4,800
Taiwan3,455
Viet Nam27,080
Other places of birth in Asia39,250
Oceania and other places of birth9,940
Generation status: When used for father and mother in combination with the question on the place of birth of person, they help to derive the generation status, and thereby establish whether the person is in the first, second, or third generation or more. The generation status provides information on the diversity of Canada's population and makes it possible to study how the children of immigrants are integrating into Canadian society. 23% of the Alberta population are First Generation immigrants, The persons who were born outside Canada, followed by 18.2% are Second Generation immigrants, The Children of First Generation who are born in Canada and 56.8% are the Third Generation Immigrants, Third generation or more refers to people who are born in Canada with both parents born in Canada, Grand Children of First Generation.
Immigrants by GenerationPopulationMaleFemale
First generation938,500460,015 478,480
Second generation742,455374,065 368,390
Third generation or more2,297,1951,164,4201,132,775
The four main categories of immigrants to Alberta are Economic Immigrants (Canadian experience class, skilled workers and business people), Principal immigrants(people who moved for study purpose), Secondary Immigrants (dependents), the Family Class members (closely related persons of Canadian residents living in Canada), Humanitarian and Compassionate applicants (people accepted as immigrants for humanitarian grounds.
Immigrants TypePopulationMaleFemale
Economic immigrants387,275195,845191,430
Principal applicants154,70096,85557,850
Secondary applicants232,57098,990133,575
Immigrants sponsored by family198,57581,650116,920
Refugees103,78557,13046,650
Other immigrants5,3202,7452,570
Aboriginal identity refers to whether the person identified with the Aboriginal peoples of Canada. This includes those who are First Nations (North American Indian), Métis or Inuk (Inuit) and/or those who are Registered or Treaty Indians (that is, registered under the Indian Act of Canada) and/or those who have membership in a First Nation or Indian band. Aboriginal peoples of Canada are defined in the Constitution Act, 1982, section 35 as including the Indian, Inuit and Métis peoples of Canada.
ResidentsPopulation
Aboriginal identity258,640
Single Aboriginal responses253,460
First Nations (North American Indian)136,585
Métis114,370
Inuk (Inuit)2,500
Multiple Aboriginal responses2,905
Aboriginal responses not included elsewhere2,280
Non-Aboriginal identity3,719,505
Total visible minority population:
ImmigrantsPopulation
Total visible minority population933,165
South Asian230,930
Chinese158,200
Black129,390
Filipino166,195
Latin American55,090
Arab56,700
Southeast Asian
43,985
West Asian20,980
Korean21,275
Japanese12,165
Visible minority, n.i.e.9,900
Multiple visible minorities28,360
Not a visible minority3,044,980
Ethnic origin population
Ethnic groupsPopulation
North American Aboriginal origins303,815
First Nations (North American Indian)200,290
Inuit3,900
Métis113,735
Other North American origins955,040
Acadian5,545
American72,355
Canadian902,315
New Brunswicker50
Newfoundlander1,985
Nova Scotian190
Ontarian110
Québécois1,380
Other North American origins, n.i.e.415
European origins2,580,720
British Isles origins1,581,265
Channel Islander225
Cornish210
English899,440
Irish596,750
Manx945
Scottish704,205
Welsh80,455
British Isles origins, n.i.e.90,865
French origins411,560
Alsatian200
Breton60
Corsican125
French411,315
Western European origins (except French origins)915,185
Austrian39,530
Bavarian110
Belgian21,210
Dutch195,720
Flemish2,005
Frisian685
German712,955
Luxembourger680
Swiss24,310
Western European origins, n.i.e.830
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins)329,990
Danish60,380
Finnish17,755
Icelandic20,225
Norwegian156,595
Swedish97,840
Northern European origins, n.i.e.13,515
Eastern European origins685,270
Bulgarian2,935
Byelorussian2,200
Czech20,865
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.10,055
Estonian2,715
Hungarian56,270
Latvian3,245
Lithuanian6,090
Moldovan1,585
Polish186,510
Romanian34,230
Russian107,800
Slovak11,010
Ukrainian369,090
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.1,910
Southern European origins215,725
Albanian2,935
Bosnian3,870
Catalan85
Croatian14,220
Cypriot160
Greek15,025
Italian101,265
Kosovar420
Macedonian1,015
Maltese1,560
Montenegrin290
Portuguese22,385
Serbian7,755
Sicilian330
Slovenian3,885
Spanish48,055
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.5,120
Southern European origins, n.i.e.245
Other European origins22,805
Basque425
Jewish9,780
Roma (Gypsy)465
Slavic, n.o.s.995
Other European origins, n.i.e.11,255
Caribbean origins36,120
Antiguan455
Bahamian310
Barbadian2,065
Bermudan210
Carib135
Cuban2,175
Dominican930
Grenadian595
Guadeloupean0
Haitian2,235
Jamaican17,325
Kittitian/Nevisian95
Martinican10
Montserratan30
Puerto Rican460
St. Lucian595
Trinidadian/Tobagonian5,180
Vincentian/Grenadinian535
West Indian, n.o.s.2,670
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.2,305
Latin, Central and South American origins78,405
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Arawak and Maya)1,980
Arawak105
Argentinian1,385
Belizean445
Bolivian590
Brazilian3,030
Chilean8,105
Colombian12,585
Costa Rican575
Ecuadorian890
Guatemalan2,395
Guyanese3,095
Hispanic1,785
Honduran760
Maya580
Mexican22,475
Nicaraguan1,675
Panamanian320
Paraguayan340
Peruvian2,740
Salvadorean8,810
Uruguayan315
Venezuelan4,690
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.3,430
African origins136,510
Central and West African origins33,170
Akan130
Angolan295
Ashanti130
Beninese200
Burkinabe100
Cameroonian2,040
Chadian75
Congolese4,095
Edo555
Ewe125
Gabonese25
Gambian110
Ghanaian4,470
Guinean455
Ibo1,760
Ivorian655
Liberian1,040
Malian70
Malinké95
Nigerian13,010
Peulh105
Senegalese575
Sierra Leonean740
Togolese150
Wolof70
Yoruba2,990
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.1,865
North African origins23,235
Algerian1,620
Berber685
Coptic225
Dinka565
Egyptian8,525
Libyan1,300
Maure95
Moroccan2,510
Sudanese7,070
Tunisian940
North African origins, n.i.e.575
Southern and East African origins56,560
Afrikaner315
Amhara450
Bantu, n.o.s.700
Burundian975
Djiboutian170
Eritrean7,960
Ethiopian13,225
Harari165
Kenyan2,175
Malagasy125
Mauritian550
Oromo1,355
Rwandan1,420
Seychellois35
Somali14,100
South African6,635
Tanzanian1,030
Tigrian700
Ugandan1,155
Zambian265
Zimbabwean2,590
Zulu295
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.3,875
Other African origins26,150
Black, n.o.s.2,525
Other African origins, n.i.e.23,960
Asian origins756,335
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins97,355
Afghan8,540
Arab, n.o.s.10,470
Armenian1,780
Assyrian560
Azerbaijani615
Georgian400
Hazara365
Iranian13,925
Iraqi6,165
Israeli1,565
Jordanian1,325
Kazakh565
Kurd2,040
Kuwaiti185
Kyrgyz200
Lebanese32,365
Palestinian4,880
Pashtun645
Saudi Arabian390
Syrian7,215
Tajik265
Tatar530
Turk5,745
Turkmen105
Uighur270
Uzbek485
Yemeni930
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.2,445
South Asian origins231,550
Bangladeshi4,155
Bengali1,660
Bhutanese815
East Indian174,510
Goan495
Gujarati855
Kashmiri720
Nepali4,600
Pakistani29,265
Punjabi15,645
Sinhalese750
Sri Lankan5,585
Tamil1,050
South Asian origins, n.i.e.4,845
East and Southeast Asian origins431,135
Burmese1,270
Cambodian (Khmer)4,260
Chinese188,280
Filipino175,130
Hmong0
Indonesian3,005
Japanese16,595
Karen740
Korean22,410
Laotian2,050
Malaysian2,970
Mongolian1,565
Singaporean370
Taiwanese1,995
Thai2,735
Tibetan965
Vietnamese36,780
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.735
Other Asian origins3,115
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.3,115
Oceania origins15,500
Australian7,785
New Zealander2,905
Pacific Islands origins5,150
Fijian3,325
Hawaiian425
Maori640
Polynesian, n.o.s.205
Samoan280
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.375

Recent Immigration to Alberta

As per 2016 Canadian census, a total of 207,790 people who immigrated to Alberta between 2011 and 2016.
CountryPopulation
Philippines59,390
India28,820
China10,525
Pakistan6,910
United Kingdom6,225
Nigeria6,110
United States4,645
Mexico4,400
South Korea3,840
Ethiopia3,445
Syria3,335
Iran3,260
Nepal2,620
Eritrea2,390
Ukraine2,345


Languages

LanguagePopulation
English only3,698,765
French only3,895
English and French264,720
Neither English nor French59,280
Language spoken at Home
Language Spoken at HomePopulation
English3,327,255
French27,630
Non-official languages482,725
Aboriginal languages9,970
Algonquian languages7,175
Blackfoot1,110
Cree-Montagnais languages5,875
Northern East Cree20
Plains Cree125
Swampy Cree5
Woods Cree600
Cree, n.o.s.5,120
Eastern Algonquian languages5
Mi'kmaq5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages190
Ojibway185
Athabaskan languages620
Northern Athabaskan languages620
Beaver10
Dene540
Dogrib (Tlicho)5
Gwich'in5
Sarsi (Sarcee)5
Slavey-Hare languages60
South Slavey55
Slavey, n.o.s.5
Inuit languages10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun)5
Inuit languages, n.i.e.5
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e.5
Michif10
Siouan languages2,125
Dakota175
Stoney1,945
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s.25
Non-Aboriginal languages472,760
Afro-Asiatic languages43,770
Berber languages200
Kabyle90
Berber languages, n.i.e.105
Cushitic languages9,220
Bilen280
Oromo2,075
Somali6,850
Cushitic languages, n.i.e.15
Semitic languages34,310
Amharic4,915
Arabic24,230
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic260
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic95
Harari165
Hebrew460
Maltese15
Tigrigna3,955
Semitic languages, n.i.e.210
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e.45
Austro-Asiatic languages16,355
Khmer (Cambodian)960
Vietnamese15,380
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e15
Austronesian languages60,860
Bikol70
Cebuano2,110
Fijian45
Hiligaynon470
Ilocano1,975
Malagasy20
Malay405
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango)220
Pangasinan45
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)55,105
Waray-Waray125
Austronesian languages, n.i.e.280
Creole languages970
Haitian Creole50
Creole, n.o.s.655
Creole languages, n.i.e.270
Dravidian languages8,460
Kannada210
Malayalam4,060
Tamil2,915
Telugu1,245
Dravidian languages, n.i.e.30
Hmong-Mien languages70
Indo-European languages230,270
Albanian1,060
Armenian215
Balto-Slavic languages30,220
Baltic languages410
Latvian165
Lithuanian250
Slavic languages29,815
Belarusan15
Bosnian785
Bulgarian825
Croatian1,800
Czech875
Macedonian175
Polish7,705
Russian10,145
Serbian2,100
Serbo-Croatian315
Slovak710
Slovene (Slovenian)150
Ukrainian4,180
Slavic languages, n.i.e.55
Celtic languages40
Scottish Gaelic15
Welsh15
Celtic languages, n.i.e.10
Germanic languages40,915
Afrikaans1,705
Danish150
Dutch1,980
Frisian60
German36,295
Icelandic30
Norwegian60
Swedish145
Vlaams (Flemish)60
Yiddish15
Germanic languages, n.i.e.425
Greek1,015
Indo-Iranian languages111,975
Indo-Aryan languages98,610
Bengali4,530
Gujarati8,025
Hindi9,945
Kashmiri50
Konkani75
Marathi845
Nepali3,710
Oriya (Odia)95
Punjabi (Panjabi)51,010
Sindhi1,240
Sinhala (Sinhalese)1,480
Urdu17,600
Iranian languages12,720
Kurdish850
Pashto1,640
Persian (Farsi)10,230
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e.650
Italic (Romance) languages44,830
Catalan35
Italian2,840
Portuguese3,905
Romanian4,135
Spanish33,910
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e.10
Japanese2,245
Kartvelian languages160
Georgian160
Korean12,775
Mongolic languages335
Mongolian335
Niger-Congo languages5,600
Akan (Twi)845
Bamanankan10
Edo70
Ewe80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde)105
Ga40
Ganda95
Igbo265
Lingala85
Rundi (Kirundi)280
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda)350
Shona410
Swahili1,090
Wolof170
Yoruba690
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e.1,015
Nilo-Saharan languages1,525
Dinka800
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e.725
Sign languages1,095
American Sign Language325
Sign languages, n.i.e765
Sino-Tibetan languages82,380
Chinese languages80,880
Cantonese38,275
Hakka315
Mandarin37,125
Min Dong20
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese)1,245
Wu (Shanghainese)340
Chinese, n.o.s.3,550
Chinese languages, n.i.e.10
Tibeto-Burman languages1,500
Burmese280
Karenic languages665
Tibetan420
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e.140
Tai-Kadai languages1,130
Lao465
Thai655
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e10
Turkic languages2,390
Azerbaijani155
Turkish1,945
Uyghur80
Uzbek135
Turkic languages, n.i.e.70
Uralic languages2,130
Estonian25
Finnish105
Hungarian1,995
Other languages, n.i.e.240
Multiple responses189,040
English and French6,885
English and non-official language178,070
French and non-official language1,125
English, French and non-official language2,965


StatusTotalMaleFemale
Married or living common law1,969,300988,410980,895
Married1,648,945828,155820,790
Living common law320,350160,250160,100
Not married and not living common law1,318,720651,430667,290
Never married905,700505,310400,390
Separated76,15034,00042,150
Divorced195,85082,040113,815
Widowed141,02030,080110,940


Income Distribution

Income RangePopulation
Under $10,000389,580
$10,000 to $19,999385,235
$20,000 to $29,999364,915
$30,000 to $39,999305,680
$40,000 to $49,999286,615
$50,000 to $59,999247,830
$60,000 to $69,999205,840
$70,000 to $79,999165,640
$80,000 to $89,999132,720
$90,000 to $99,999114,010
$100,000 and over455,410
$100,000 to $149,999274,185
$150,000 and over181,225


© 2019-2021 populationU, Research papers on Population dynamics and Social affairs