World Population

Newfoundland and Labrador Population

Newfoundland and Labrador (abbreviated NFLD) is the easternmost province of Canada, It is composed of the island of Newfoundland and the continental region of Labrador to the northwest, with a combined area of 405,720 sq.km (156,650 sq mi). According to statcan, Newfoundland and Labrador population in 2021 is estimated to be 520,286 people. Formerly a colony and then a dominion of the United Kingdom, The island, which was named the "newfoundelande" or New Found Land, by late 15th-century explorers. It is the newest of Canada's 10 provinces, having joined the confederation only in 1949, its name was officially changed to Newfoundland and Labrador in 2001. Newfoundland and Labrador's capital and largest city, St. John's, The greater part of Newfoundland and Labrador’s people represent an extraordinarily homogeneous group. A small population of Inuit present in Newfoundland and Labrador, and the majority are European descent. Newfoundland is roughly triangular. Each side is about 400 km (250 mi) long, Labrador is also roughly triangular in shape: the western part of its border with Quebec is the drainage divide of the Labrador Peninsula.

According to 2016 census, the population is 519,716 with a one percent increase from 2011 census of 514,536. Number of persons in private households are 512,255 and Average household size is 2.3. Average age of the population is 43.7 years and Median age of the population is 46 years.

Age GroupTotalMaleFemale
0 to 14 years74,44038,20036,240
0 to 4 years22,36511,43010,930
5 to 9 years26,04013,43012,605
10 to 14 years26,03513,34012,700
15 to 64 years344,245168,555175,695
15 to 19 years27,25513,98013,275
20 to 24 years27,70013,91513,785
25 to 29 years28,24514,09514,150
30 to 34 years29,40514,18515,215
35 to 39 years30,74014,55516,185
40 to 44 years34,50516,74517,765
45 to 49 years38,66518,74019,920
50 to 54 years42,62020,73021,890
55 to 59 years43,08021,03522,045
60 to 64 years42,02520,57021,460
65 years and over101,02547,17053,855
65 to 69 years37,48518,31019,180
70 to 74 years26,17012,72013,445
75 to 79 years16,9508,0158,935
80 to 84 years11,0604,8856,175
85 years and over9,3603,2456,125
85 to 89 years6,1752,3003,875
90 to 94 years2,4857901,695
95 to 99 years610140475
100 years and over902075

Newfoundland and Labrador Provincial Nominee Program (NLPNP)

Newfoundland and Labrador started accepting applications for a Priority Skills immigration program from 2021. According to immigration, The new PNP stream is intended for highly-skilled foreign nationals and international students eyeing tech sector jobs. It will be open to newcomers who have at least one year of work experience in highly skilled, high-demand occupations, as well as post-graduates who completed a Masters or Doctorate degree at Memorial University within three years. Focussing on highly educated, highly skilled newcomers with specialized experience in areas where demand has outpaced local training and recruitment, such as technology and ocean sciences occupations, the government hopes the program will attract 2,500 new permanent residents annually.


Ethnic groups

The Newfoundland and Labrador state officially categorizes its population into six groups, they are Native American/Alaskan Native, Pacific Islander, African American, European Whites, Asian, and Native Hawaiian. Below table is the Immigrants by selected place of birth: Below is the population as per Citizenship:

ResidentsPopulation
Canadian citizens503,160
Canadian citizens aged under 1888,805
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over414,355
Not Canadian citizens9,090
Immigrant status and period of immigration: Immigrant refers to a person who is or has ever been a landed immigrant/permanent resident. This person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Some immigrants have resided in Canada for a number of years, while others have arrived recently. Some immigrants are Canadian citizens, while others are not. Most immigrants are born outside Canada, but a small number are born in Canada. People up to third generation are officially termed as non-immigrants and thereon the people inflow is termed as immigrants. Below table indicates Newfoundland and Labrador immigration numbers per year:
ImmigrantsPopulation
Non-immigrants496,410
Immigrants12,080
Before 19813,430
1981 to 1990905
1991 to 20001,210
2001 to 20102,860
2001 to 2005995
2006 to 20101,865
2011 to 20163,675
Non-permanent residents3,770
Newfoundland and Labrador Immigrants by selected place of birth:
Place of BirthPopulation
Total Americas2,280
Brazil30
Colombia110
El Salvador10
Guyana30
Haiti0
Jamaica110
Mexico90
Peru20
Trinidad and Tobago30
United States1,535
Other places of birth in Americas300
Newfoundland and Labrador Ethnic origin population:
Ethnic groupsPopulation
Total Europe4,215
Bosnia and Herzegovina45
Croatia10
France160
Germany365
Greece30
Hungary40
Ireland180
Italy80
Netherlands95
Poland75
Portugal140
Romania55
Russian Federation165
Serbia10
Ukraine85
United Kingdom2,215
Other places of birth in Europe465
Africa1,215
Algeria30
Egypt215
Ethiopia50
Kenya25
Morocco25
Nigeria185
Somalia10
South Africa, Republic of135
Other places of birth in Africa535
Asia4,295
Afghanistan45
Bangladesh165
China835
Hong Kong80
India640
Iran65
Iraq220
Japan15
Korea, South35
Lebanon35
Pakistan245
Philippines855
Sri Lanka115
Syria315
Taiwan35
Viet Nam30
Other places of birth in Asia570
Oceania and other places of birth70
Aboriginal population
Aboriginal identity45,730
Single Aboriginal responses42,615
First Nations (North American Indian)28,375
Métis7,790
Inuk (Inuit)6,450
Multiple Aboriginal responses555
Aboriginal responses not included elsewhere2,560
Non-Aboriginal identity466,525
Total visible minority population11,810
South Asian2,645
Chinese2,325
Black2,355
Filipino1,390
Latin American635
Arab1,375
Southeast Asian340
West Asian220
Korean80
Japanese60
Visible minority, n.i.e.150


Languages

English language is the major language in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador.

LanguagePopulation
English512,350
French2,255
English and French350
Neither English nor French725
Newfoundland and Labrador's Language spoken at Home: Several aboriginal languages are spoken in the Province, representing the Algonquian (Mi'kmaq and Innu) and Eskimo-Aleut (Inuktitut) linguistic families.
Language Spoken at HomePopulation
English499,710
French2,350
Non-official languages11,920
Aboriginal languages2,620
Algonquian languages2,130
Cree-Montagnais languages2,120
Montagnais (Innu)1,505
Naskapi605
Plains Cree5
Cree, n.o.s.5
Eastern Algonquian languages5
Mi'kmaq5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages5
Inuit languages490
Inuktitut435
Inuit languages, n.i.e.50
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s.5
Non-Aboriginal languages9,300
Afro-Asiatic languages1,295
Cushitic languages45
Bilen10
Oromo35
Semitic languages1,245
Amharic25
Arabic1,140
Hebrew5
Maltese5
Tigrigna65
Austro-Asiatic languages60
Khmer (Cambodian)5
Vietnamese55
Austronesian languages1,120
Bikol5
Cebuano60
Hiligaynon5
Ilocano25
Malay25
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango)10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino)970
Austronesian languages, n.i.e.10
Creole languages35
Creole, n.o.s.25
Creole languages, n.i.e.15
Dravidian languages275
Kannada15
Malayalam100
Tamil115
Telugu50
Indo-European languages4,020
Albanian85
Armenian5
Balto-Slavic languages585
Baltic languages10
Latvian10
Slavic languages575
Bosnian15
Bulgarian65
Croatian30
Czech35
Macedonian5
Polish105
Russian220
Serbian30
Serbo-Croatian10
Slovak5
Slovene (Slovenian)10
Ukrainian40
Celtic languages20
Scottish Gaelic10
Welsh5
Celtic languages, n.i.e.10
Germanic languages715
Afrikaans55
Danish55
Dutch110
German380
Icelandic30
Norwegian55
Swedish20
Vlaams (Flemish)5
Germanic languages, n.i.e.10
Greek55
Indo-Iranian languages1,640
Indo-Aryan languages1,325
Bengali325
Gujarati70
Hindi175
Marathi30
Nepali135
Oriya (Odia)5
Punjabi (Panjabi)215
Sindhi25
Sinhala (Sinhalese)70
Urdu285
Iranian languages280
Kurdish10
Pashto30
Persian (Farsi)235
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e.30
Italic (Romance) languages915
Italian105
Portuguese165
Romanian45
Spanish595
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e.5
Japanese45
Georgian5
Korean125
Mongolian5
Niger-Congo languages320
Akan (Twi)30
Edo5
Ewe5
Ganda10
Igbo30
Lingala10
Rundi (Kirundi)10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda)5
Shona30
Swahili55
Wolof5
Yoruba60
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e.65
Nilo-Saharan languages35
Dinka10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e.25
Sign languages125
American Sign Language50
Sign languages, n.i.e75
Sino-Tibetan languages1,620
Chinese languages1,590
Cantonese360
Hakka10
Mandarin990
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese)35
Wu (Shanghainese)15
Chinese, n.o.s.190
Chinese languages, n.i.e.5
Tibeto-Burman languages30
Burmese10
Karenic languages10
Tibetan5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e.5
Tai-Kadai languages50
Lao5
Thai45
Turkic languages70
Azerbaijani10
Turkish45
Uzbek10
Turkic languages, n.i.e.5
Uralic languages90
Estonian20
Finnish20
Hungarian55
Other languages, n.i.e.20


Population projection

Projected population from 20201 to 2043

Reference periodlow-growth(x 1,000)medium growth(x 1,000)high growth(x 1,000)slow aging(x 1,000)
2021518.5520.6523.1522.0
2022515.9518.9522.3520.6
2023513.2517.2521.4519.2
2024510.3515.3520.5517.6
2025507.3513.4519.6515.9
2026504.1511.3518.7514.2
2027500.8509.2517.7512.3
2028497.3506.9516.6510.3
2029493.6504.5515.4508.1
2030489.7502.0514.2505.9
2031485.7499.3512.8503.5
2032481.6496.5511.3501.0
2033477.3493.6509.8498.4
2034472.9490.6508.1495.7
2035468.3487.4506.4493.0
2036463.7484.2504.5490.1
2037459.0480.8502.5487.2
2038454.1477.3500.4484.2
2039449.3473.7498.2481.1
2040444.3470.1495.9478.0
2041439.4466.3493.5474.8
2042434.4462.5490.9471.7
2043429.4458.6488.3468.5


Marital status for 2016 census of Newfoundland and Labrador was reported for each person as either married widowed, divorced, separated, or never married. Individuals who were living together (unmarried people, people in common-law marriages) reported the marital status which they considered most appropriate.

StatusTotalMaleFemale
Married230,815
Living common law46,485
Not married and not living common law167,980
Never married107,650
Separated8,570
Divorced22,225
Widowed29,530


Income Distribution

10.43 percent of the Newfoundland and Labrador population having an annual income of under $10,000, 38 percent having annual income between $10,000 to $39,000 representing the largest group, Moreover, some 7.46 percent had an annual income between 60,000 and 79,999 Canadian dollars, 13.81 percent of the NFLD population had an annual income of 100,000 Canadian dollars or more.

Income RangePopulation
Under $10,000 (including loss)54,190
$10,000 to $19,99980,625
$20,000 to $29,99966,445
$30,000 to $39,99950,800
$40,000 to $49,99940,710
$50,000 to $59,99928,815
$60,000 to $69,99922,170
$70,000 to $79,99916,585
$80,000 to $89,99914,525
$90,000 to $99,99911,570
$100,000 and over35,890
$100,000 to $149,99924,160
$150,000 and over11,730


© 2019-2021 populationU, Research papers on Population dynamics and Social affairs