Adelaide is the capital city of South Australia, located on the Adelaide Plains north of the Fleurieu Peninsula, between the Mount Lofty Ranges in the east and Gulf St Vincent to the west. Adelaide population in 2021 is estimated to be 1.38 million, city covering area of 3,259.8 sq km (1,258.6 sq mi), largest city of South Australia and fifth most populous city in Australia. The city center is close to the River Torrens and hosts many governmental and financial institutions. Adelaide region was inhabited by the Indigenous Kaurna people before British explorers, The region is one of the Aboriginal people land in South Australia. The Adelaide was founded in 1836 and named in honor of Queen Adelaide, was Queen of the United Kingdom as the wife of King William IV. Greater Adelaide region including the Adelaide Hills or the Adelaide city centre.
According to 2018, Average Salary in Adelaide or median income is estimated to be $53,140 per annum, Persons born Overseas are 701,335 people in 2016, Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander Speakers are 2.4%.
|Estimated resident population||2020||2,125,114||25,697,298|
|Working age population (aged 15-64 years) (%)||2019||66.1||65.4|
|Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population||2016||41,724||798,365|
|Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander Speakers(%)||2016||2.4||10.3|
|Persons born overseas||2016||701,335||6,149,388|
|Children enrolled in preschool||2019||20,128||135,301|
|Median total income ($)||2018||53,140||49,805|
|Total number of businesses||2020||185,714||2,422,404|
|Number of jobs||2018||1,662,888||19,563,645|
|Taxpayers who report having private health insurance||2018||873,286||8,124,494|
|Total Passenger vehicles||2020||1,332,596||14,679,246|
|Land area (ha)||2020||641,622.2||768,812,631.9|
Adelaide Population Ranking & Density
The population density of Adelaide is 422.3 persons per sq km., As per 2019 estimates, the median age for males is 37.7 years, for females is 40 years. 64.8 percent are working age population in Adelaide aged between 15 and 64.
|Population density (persons/sq km)||402.9||406.2||409.4||412.9||417.3||422.3|
|Median age - males (years)||37.4||37.4||37.5||37.6||37.7||-|
|Median age - females (years)||39.8||39.8||39.9||40||40||-|
|Median age - persons (years)||38.6||38.6||38.7||38.8||38.8||-|
|Working age population (aged 15-64 years)||866,640||868,679||871,582||875,518||881,221||-|
|Working age population (aged 15-64 years) (%)||66||65.6||65.3||65.1||64.8||-|
Greater Adelaide region has twenty three local government areas. It includes the city of Adelaide and the regional areas of Mount Barker and Gawler.
Births and Fertility
Total Births in Adelaide is estimated to be 15,585 in 2019 and Fertility rate is 1.63 which is decreased from 1.741 in 2016 census.
|Total fertility rate||1.76||1.74||1.69||1.65||1.63|
|Standardised death rate (per 1000 population)||5.5||5.5||5.5||5.4||5.3|
Immigration to Adelaide
According to 2020 Census, 13,665 is the Net Overseas migration, out of these 25,686 are Overseas arrivals and 12,021 are departures. -2,387 people are net internal migration, out of these 25,901 are internal arrivals and 28,288 are departures.
|Net internal migration||-6,105||-5,052||-3,914||-2,387|
|Net overseas migration||11,185||11,659||13,900||13,665|
According to Adelaide 2016 census of Overseas born population, 12.8% are born in Europe, 3.5% are born in Central Asia, 6% are born in East Asia, 1.1% are born in Africa and 0.8% are born in Americas.
|Overseas born||Percent (2011)||Percent(2016)|
|Oceania and Antarctica (excluding Australia)||1||0.9|
|Southern and Eastern Europe||4.4||3.8|
|North Africa and the Middle East||0.9||1.1|
|Southern and Central Asia||2.3||3.5|
|Total born overseas||25.3||26.3|
According to Adelaide 2016 census of Citizenship stats, 84.7% are Australian Citizen, 9.9% are not a citizen and 5.4% are not stated.
|Citizenship/Year||Percent (2011)||Percent (2016)|
|Not an Australian citizen||9.3||9.9|
Income levels in Adelaide
Estimates of personal income - year ended 30 June
|Employee income earners||639,749||636,195||647,216||659,170|
|Employee income earners - median age (years)||39||40||39||39|
|Total employee income ($)||34,370.5||35,073.9||36,223||38,086|
|Median employee income ($)||46,688||48,066||48,792||50 518|
|Mean employee income ($)||53,725||55,131||55,967||57,779|
|$1-$499 per week||31.1|
|$500-$999 per week||24.8|
|$1000-$1999 per week||22|
|$2000-$2999 per week||3.9|
|$3000 or more per week||2.1|
|Persons with a negative income||0.5|
51.6% of Adelaide population are with High school education of 12 grade increased from 47.1% of 2011 census, followed by 14.5% are 10 grade and 16.3% are studied upto 11th grade.
|High School Education||Percent (2011)||Percent(2016)|
|12 or equivalent||47.1||51.6|
|11 or equivalent||17.5||16.3|
|10 or equivalent||16||14.5|
|9 or equivalent||5.4||4.8|
|8 or below||6||4.9|
|Did not go to school||0.9||1|
|Higher Education||Percent (2011)||Percent(2016)|
|Graduate diploma/graduate certificate||1.7||2|
According to 2016 census stats, Social marital status & registered marital status of persons aged 15 years and over.
|Social marital status||Percent (2011)||Percent(2016)|
|De facto marriage||84,798||95,531|
Religion wise Adelaide Population
According to 2016 Adelaide census, 48.2 percent follows Christianity, followed by Buddhism with 2.2%, Islam with 2.1%, and Hinduism with 1.7%. 35.9% are with no-religion beliefs and 8.5% are not stated.
|Religion||Percent (2011)||Percent (2016)|
|Other spiritual beliefs||0.9||0.2|
|No religion, secular beliefs||28.1||35.9|
|Not stated (%)||8.5||8.5|
Regarding Rent and mortgage payments in Adelaide, Average monthly household rental payment is $1,233 in 2016 increase from $1,052 in 2011, Average monthly household mortgage payment is $1,686 in 2016 decrease from $1,708 in 2011.
|Average monthly household rental payment||$1,052||$1,233|
|Average monthly household mortgage payment||$1,708||$1,686|
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