World Population

Brisbane Population

Brisbane is the capital of the Australian state of Queensland, centred along the Brisbane River, a bay of the Coral Sea, and its eastern suburbs line the shores of Moreton Bay. Brisbane population in 2021 is estimated to be 2.6 million, covering city area of 15,842 sq km (6,116.6 sq mi), and most populous city in Queensland, third-most populous city in Australia. Brisbane region was inhabited by the Turrbal people before British settlers in 1820. Brisbane central business district is situated within a peninsula of the Brisbane River about 15 km, it is in the southeast corner of Queensland and city is hilly. In 1859, Brisbane was chosen as the capital when Queensland separated from New South Wales, It has become Australia's most important seaport cities and its nicknames are Brissie and the River City. Brisbane early name was Edenglassie, was changed to honour Sir Thomas Makdougall Brisbane, Governor of NSW.

Estimated resident population20202,560,72025,697,298
Working age population (aged 15-64 years) (%)20196765
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population201664,778798,365
Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander Speakers(%)2016110
Persons born overseas2016591,3446,149,388
Children enrolled in preschool20198,123135,301
Age pension2019205,1572,533,359
Median total income ($)201851,34649,805
Total number of businesses2020215,8552,422,404
Number of jobs20181,943,36319,563,645
Taxpayers who report having private health insurance2018762,4008,124,494
Total Passenger vehicles20201,470,24814,679,246
Land area (ha)20201,584,196768,812,632

Brisbane city UN Urban Agglomeration Population Prospects - 1950 to 2035

YearBrisbane Population
Source:, 1950 to 2035 Brisbane city Population(UA)

Brisbane Population Ranking & Density

The Population density of Brisbane is 161.6 persons per sq km. The median age of male is 34.9 and female is 36.7 in 2019. Total 1.6 million are Working force of Brisbane city.

Total Population2,318,6532,362,6722,412,5172,461,5972,513,8062,560,720
Population density (persons/km2)146.4149.1152.3155.4158.7161.6
Median age - males (years)34.334.534.634.834.9-
Median age - females (years)35.9363636.136.3-
Median age - persons (years)
Working age population (aged 15-64 years)1,565,9441,589,6121,618,3451,645,8911,677,008-
Working age population (aged 15-64 years) (%)67.567.367.166.966.7-

Greater Brisbane

The greater Brisbane region refers to the entire coastal plain. Making up to about 15,842 sq km of land. The area is made up of five different urban city centers, including Brisbane City, Logan City, Ipswich, Moreton Bay, and Redland City.

Births and Fertility

Total Births in Brisbane is estimated to be 31,646 in 2019 and Fertility rate is 1.67 which is decreased from 1.76 in 2016 census.

Total Births30,49331,27130,79231,57831,646
Total fertility rate1.791.761.731.711.67
Total Deaths12,98212,95713,87413,22214,196
Standardised death rate (per 1000 population)


According to 2020 Census, 16,169 is the Net Overseas migration, out of these 52,816 are Overseas arrivals and 36,647 are departures. 13,779 people are net internal migration, out of these 86,655 are internal arrivals and 72,876 are departures.

Internal arrivals78,58489,30993,86186,655
Internal departures66,39773,31477,94772,876
Net internal migration12,18715,99515,91413,779
Overseas arrivals54,23952,75056,63152,816
Overseas departures34,32836,71938,27136,647
Net overseas migration19,91116,03118,36016,169

Overseas Born

7.6 percent of the Overseas population are born in Europe, 3% are born in South East Asia, 1.6% are born in Central Asia, 0.8% are born in Africa and 1.3% are born in Americas.

Overseas born/YearPercent (2011)Percent (2016)
Oceania and Antarctica (excluding Australia)6.16
North-West Europe6.96.2
Southern and Eastern Europe1.51.4
North Africa and the Middle East0.60.8
South-East Asia2.73
North-East Asia2.43.3
Southern and Central Asia1.62.4
Sub-Saharan Africa1.61.7
Total born overseas24.626

Australian citizenship

81.4% of the Brisbane population are Australian Citizen, 12% are not a citizen and 6.6% are not stated according to 2016 Australian Bureau Statistics.

Citizenship/YearPercent (2011)Percent (2016)
Australian citizen83.481.4
Not an Australian citizen1112
Not stated5.66.6

Income levels in Brisbane

Personal Income2015201620172018
Employee income earners1,201,4831,215,4441,257,9121,289,307
Employee income earners - median age (years)37373737
Total employee income ($)70,38872,73375,81780,063
Median employee income ($)48,60049,94250,47052,150
Mean employee income ($)58,58459,84160,27262,098
Overseas departures34,32836,71938,27136,647
Net overseas migration19,91116,03118,36016,169
According to 2018 census estimates, 1.28 million are total employee income earners, Median employee income is $52,150. 26.5% earn below $500, 24.1% earn personal income between $1000 to $2000 per week, 23.9% of the population earn between $500 to $1000, 8.2% earn more than $2000 per week.
Persons earnings2016
$1-$499 per week26.5
$500-$999 per week23.9
$1000-$1999 per week24.1
$2000-$2999 per week5.1
$3000 or more per week3.1
nil income8.8
Persons with a negative income0.5
Income inadequately described or not stated8.1


56.9% of Brisbane population are with High school education of 12 grade increased from 52.8% of 2011 census, followed by 19.6% are 10 grade and 7% are studied upto 11th grade.

High School Education20112016
12 or equivalent52.856.9
11 or equivalent7.57
10 or equivalent21.819.6
9 or equivalent4.54.1
8 or below5.24.2
Did not go to school0.50.6
Highest year of school completed - not stated7.57.7
Higher Education20112016
Non-school qualifications5660.7
Postgraduate degree3.94.9
Graduate diploma/graduate certificate1.82.1
Bachelor degree14.515.9
Advanced diploma/diploma89.2
Non-school qualifications - inadequately described9.79.3

Marital Staus

According to 2016 census stats, Social marital status & registered marital status of persons aged 15 years and over.

Social marital status20112016
Registered marriage717,436756,862
De facto marriage158,395186,432
Not married625,426689,402
Never married36.337

Religion wise Brisbane Population

According to 2016 ABS Census, 53.6% are the most followed religion of Christianity, followed by Buddhism with 2%, Islam with 1.5%, Hinduism with 1.5%, Judaism with 0.1% and 31% are with no religion beliefs and 9.2% are not stated.

ReligionPercent (2011)Percent (2016)
Other religions0.81
Other spiritual beliefs0.80.2
No religion, secular beliefs22.831
Not stated8.39.2

Brisbane Housing

Rent and mortgage payments - Census

Average monthly household rental payment$1,388$1,581
Average monthly household mortgage payment$2,073$1,987

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