Kabul is the capital and largest city of Afghanistan, located in the eastern section of the country. Kabul is situated in a valley surrounded by high mountains at crossroads of north-south and east-west trade routes. It is one of the oldest city in Asia dating back to 2000 BC. According to nsia, Kabul population in 2022 is estimated to be 4.2 million, declined compared to 2021 of 4.6 million, The city covers an area size of 1,023 sq km (395 sq mi). Kabul is divided into 15 administrative districts, forming part of the greater Kabul Province. The population of the Kabul Province in 2020 is over 5 million. The city of Kabul is multi-ethnic and vibrant. Approximately, 45% Tajiks, 25% Pashtuns, 25% Hazaras, 2% Uzbeks, 1% Baloch, 1% Turkmen, and 1% Hindu. Kabul had textile industry, cotton and carpet production industries, most of its economy came through tourism which it lost due to war. Most of the schools in Kabul were demolished during the wars. People from all the provinces of the country come to Kabul for education. Kabul is Afghanistan's center for education. In the recent years many schools and universities that have opened doors for men and women. The term Kabuli is referred to the urbanites of the city. Kabul's main export products include fresh and dried fruit, nuts, Afghan rugs, leather and sheep skin products, furniture, antique replicas, and domestic clothes. Kabul International Airport is located 25 km from the center of Kabul.
According to nsia, The total population of Afghanistan is 33.6 million, of which 17.1 million are males and 16.5 million are females. 70.8% of the population, 24.7%, 23.8 million lives in rural areas, 8.3 million lives in urban areas and 1.5 million are nomadic population. Many inhabitants speak more than one language. The common language is Dari and Pashto, both are widely spoken throughout the city as well. Kabul also has small Indian and Turkish communities, Sikhs and Hindus belong to Indian Communities. 675% of the city's population follow Sunni Islam while 22% are Shiites and other 3% belong to other communities including Christians.
The native citizens of Kabul are Tajiks and Pashtuns. In the 7th century Kabul was invaded by Arab Muslims and converting to Islam. In 14th century Timur invaded the Afghanistan region and developed it into a major trading center. In 1504, Babur from Mughal Empire invaded and made Kabul as capital and became principal city during his move to India. In 1839 the British army invaded the area but withdrew in 1842, and there was a major battle in Jalalabad, again occupied in 1879 and withdrew after a year later after installing Emir.
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