Fiji is an island country in the South Pacific Ocean, lies about 2,000 km northeast of New Zealand. Fiji population in 2023 is estimated to be 918,055, covers country area of 18,274 sq km (7,056 sq mi), ranks one-hundred-fifty-first country by area and the one-hundred-sixty-first most populous country in the world. Fiji's capital and largest city is Suva. Fiji consists of an archipelago of more than 330 islands, of which about 110 are permanently inhabited and more than 500 islets, Country code is FJI, 87% of the population lives in two major islands, Viti Levu and Vanua Levu. Fiji's three official languages are English, Fijian (iTaukei) and Fiji Hindi.Below table is the population of Fiji from 1960 to 2020:
Fiji population in 1960 is 393,480, by 1970 the population is increased by 127,081 totaling to 520,561, by 1980 the population is increased to 635,312, and by 1990 the total increase of 728,575 in 30 years from 1960 to 1990 resulting to 728,575. From 1990 to 2000, population increased to 811,011, and from 2000 to 2010 the population of Fiji increase by 48,805 with a change of 6.02 percent and increase of population from 2010 to 2020 by 36,628 with a change of 4.26 percent and make up to 896,444. Fiji population in 2022 is estimated to be 909,409, Population of Fiji in 2021 is estimated as 902,925.
According to statsfiji, Table below presents the 2007 and 2017 population of Fiji numbers by province. Ba was the most populous province with its 247,708 residents accounting for 28.0% of Fiji’s population. The second largest province, Naitasiri recorded the highest inter-censal population increase of 16,918 (10.5%) with 177,678 persons counted. The provinces of Tailevu and Rewa also recorded significant population increases of 8,860 (15.9%) and 7,021 (7.0%) respectively. The Northern Division provinces of Bua and Cakaudrove recorded population increases of 9.1% and 2.3% respectively while the population of Macuata continued to decrease. Macuata's census count of 65,983 was 6,458 (8.9%) lower than a decade ago continuing the trend that was first observed during the inter-censal period of 1996 and 2007. The population of Lau and Lomaiviti also recorded declines of 10.1% and 3.7% respectively.
|Province||Census 2007||Census 2017||Absolute Change||Percentage Change|
Below is the Fiji population by Age Group as per 2017 census, The broad base of the structure indicates a population that is young with 10.4 percent of the population under five years of age while 16.7% are in the youth age group of 15-24.
There are currently 34 percent of Fijians are ethnic Indians. Between 1879 and 1916, a total of 60,000 Indians arrived in Fiji. Approximately 25,000 of these returned to India. Indian indentured laborers were initially brought to Fiji for sugar plantation from the districts of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, North-West Frontier and South India such as from Andhra and Tamil Nadu. They spoke Indian languages as per the Indian States, Hindi was spoken from Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Telugu from Andra Pradesh, Tamil from Tamil Nadu. Over the years Hindi has recognized as Fiji Hindi, also known as Fijian Baat or Fijian Hindustani, is the language spoken by most of Indian Fijian citizens. Indenture was cancelled on 1 January 1920. Many of Indians arrived as free immigrants, who were mostly from the regions of Punjab, Gujarat, Sindh and Baluchistan.
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