Greece is a country located in Southeastern Europe, borders Albania to the northwest, North Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north, and Turkey to the northeast. The Aegean Sea lies to the east of the mainland, the Cretan Sea and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Greece population in 2023 is estimated to be 10.68 million, covers country area of 131,957 sq km (50,949 sq mi), ranks eighty-sixth populous country in the world, capital of Greece is Athens and most popular cities are Thessaloniki, Patras, Larissa and Heraklion, Greece country code is GRC. Athens Metropolitan Area is the most populous urban area with more than 3.7 million inhabitants. Total Fertility Rate of Greece is 1.4 in 2020, 1.3 in 2019.Below table is the population of Greece from 1960 to 2020:
Greece population in 1960 is 8,331,725, by 1970 the population is increased by 461,081 totaling to 8,792,806, by 1980 the population is increased to 9,642,505, and by 1990 the total increase of 10,196,792 in 30 years from 1960 to 1990 resulting to 10,196,792. From 1990 to 2000, population increased to 10,805,808, and from 2000 to 2010 the population of Greece increase by 315,533 with a change of 2.92 percent and increase of population from 2010 to 2020 by -405,792 with a change of -3.65 percent and make up to 10,715,549. Greece population in 2022 is estimated to be 10.71 million, and in 2021 is estimated to be 10.74 million.
Greece was popular from ancient time because of the Alexander III of Macedon, also known as Alexander the Great, was a king of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon in 336 BC, succeeded his father to the throne at the age of 20. He had created one of the largest empires in history, stretching from Greece to northwestern India. Alexander endeavored to reach the ends of the world, he invaded Anatolia, Syria, Phoenicia, Judea, Gaza, Egypt, Mesopotamia, Persia and Bactria. In 326 BC, He invaded Taxila which is a small kingdom in India with difficulty losing major part of his army in this battle, He wants to succeed to largest Indian empire of Maurya Empire who was ruling by Mighty Chandra Gupta Maurya, by estimating his army, Alexander dropped the idea to move further, Fearing the prospect of facing the large armies, He was not able to invade India and returned to Persia.
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