Guatemala is a country in Central America, borders Honduras to the east, El Salvador to the southeast and the Pacific Ocean to the south, Belize and the Caribbean to the northeast, and Mexico to the north and west. Guatemala population in 2023 is estimated to be 16.22 million, covers country area of 108,889 sq km (42,042 sq mi), ranks one-hundred-fifth country by area, second most populous Central America, and the sixty-ninth most populous country in the world. Its capital and largest city is Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción, popularly known as Guatemala City and other popular cities are Mixco, Villa Nueva, Cobán, Quetzaltenango, Jalapa, Escuintla, San Juan Sacatepéquez, Jutiapa and Petapa. Country code is GTM, The official language is Spanish, origin of the name Guatemala is Indian (Native Indian), meaning mountain of vomiting water.Below table is the population of Guatemala from 1960 to 2020:
According to censo poblacion, Indigenous Guatemalans of Maya origin are 41.7%, 56% of the population is Ladino of indigenous and European origins (Hispanic-Maya). Guatemala population in 1960 is 4,128,880, by 1970 the population is increased by 1,326,317 totaling to 5,455,197, by 1980 the population is increased to 6,890,346, and by 1990 the total increase of 9,050,115 in 30 years from 1960 to 1990 resulting to 9,050,115. From 1990 to 2000, population increased to 11,589,761, and from 2000 to 2010 the population of Guatemala increase by 2,669,926 with a change of 23.04 percent and increase of population from 2010 to 2020 by 2,598,646 with a change of 18.22 percent and make up to 16,858,333. Guatemala population in 2022 is estimated to be 15.89 million, Population of Guatemala in 2021 is estimated as 15.64 million.
Guatemala is divided into 22 departments and further subdivided into 340 municipalities.
|Department||Capital||Area (sq km)||Population (2018 Census)|
|Guatemala Department||Guatemala City||2,126||3,015,081|
|Quiché||Santa Cruz del Quiché||8,378||949,261|
|San Marcos||San Marcos||2,397||1,032,277|
According to censopoblacion
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