Ireland is an island in the North Atlantic, borders northern Atlantic Ocean to the west, Celtic Sea to the south. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe. Ireland population in 2023 is estimated to be 5.12 million, covers country area of 84,421 sq km (32,595 sq mi), ranks one-hundred-twenty-third most populous country in the world, capital of Ireland is Belfast and most popular cities are Dublin, Cork, Limerick and Derry, Ireland country code is IRL. Ireland is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel. Ireland is the third richest nation in the world with per capita of $106,997 in 2023.Below table is the population of Ireland from 1960 to 2020:
Ireland population in 1960 is 2,828,600, by 1970 the population is increased by 128,650 totaling to 2,957,250, by 1980 the population is increased to 3,412,800, and by 1990 the total increase of 3,513,974 in 30 years from 1960 to 1990 resulting to 3,513,974. From 1990 to 2000, population increased to 3,805,174, and from 2000 to 2010 the population of Ireland increase by 754,981 with a change of 19.84 percent and increase of population from 2010 to 2020 by 434,569 with a change of 9.53 percent and make up to 4,994,724. Ireland population in 2022 is estimated to be 5.11 million, and in 2021 is estimated to be 5.05 million.
cso, Census 2016 results show that Ireland's population increased by 173,613 persons over the five years since April 2011, to reach 4,761,865 persons in April 2016. The average age of the Irish population in April 2016 was 37.4 years, up from 36.1 years in April 2011. The number of males aged 65 and over increased by 22 percent to 296,837 while females aged 65 and over increased by 16.7 percent to 340,730.
The average number of children per family, at 1.38, was unchanged from the census 2011, a total of 218,817 families were headed by one parent, with the vast majority 86.4 percent being mothers. The number of private households increased by 2.9 percent to 1,702,289 in April 2016. The average household size increased from 2.73 persons to 2.75 persons, a reversal of the long-term decline in average household size in Ireland. The number of people living in private households rose by 3.7 percent, meaning household formation has now fallen behind population increase.
The number of Irish residents born outside Ireland continues to increase, with numbers at 810,406 in 2016, a rise of 43,636 on the 2011 census. 82,346 persons moved to Ireland in the year to April 2016. Of these, 28,143 were Irish nationals, with the main countries of origin being the UK, Australia and the USA. 54,203 were non-Irish immigrants, and their main countries of origin were the UK, Brazil and Poland.
The number of households renting on census 2016 amounted to 497,111, an increase of 22,323 on the 2011 census data. Just under 1.7 million permanent housing units were occupied at the time of the census, an increase of 48,257 units (2.9 percent) on 2011 census.
As per the 2016 census, Increase in people with no religion, The number of people identifying themselves as having no religion increased from 269,800 to 468,400, an increase of 73.6 percent, and comprised 9.8 percent of the population. The number of Catholics fell to 3,729,100 from 3,861,300, and comprised 78.3 percent of the population in April 2016, compared to 84.2 percent in April 2011.
By 2016, 1,761,420 people were able to speak Irish, a slight decrease on the 2011 census. Of that 1.76 million people, 73,803 spoke Irish daily outside the education system, 3,382 fewer than 2011. Total of 612,018 Irish residents spoke a foreign language at home, an increase of 19% since 2011. Out of the foreign languages, Polish was the most common language, followed by French, Romanian and Lithuanian.
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