Poland is a country located in central Europe, bordered by Lithuania and Russia to the northeast, Belarus and Ukraine to the east, Slovakia and the Czech Republic to the south, and Germany to the west, lies at the physical centre of the European continent. Poland population in 2023 is estimated to be 38.3 million, covering an area of 312,696 sq km (120,733 sq mi), ranks fifth most populous country in Europe, Thirty-ninth most populous country in the world, capital of Poland is Warsaw and other popular cities are Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, and Szczecin, Poland country code is POL, Sixth largest economy in Europe, GDP is 1.4 trillion in 2021.Below table is the population of Poland from 1960 to 2020:
Poland population in 1960 is 29,637,450, by 1970 the population is increased by 3,026,850 totaling to 32,664,300, by 1980 the population is increased to 35,574,150, and by 1990 the total increase of 38,110,782 in 30 years from 1960 to 1990 resulting to 38,110,782. From 1990 to 2000, population increased to 38,258,629, and from 2000 to 2010 the population of Poland decrease by -215,835 with a change of -0.56 percent and further decline of population from 2010 to 2020 by -91,992 with a change of -0.24 percent and make up to 37,950,802. Poland population in 2022 is estimated to be 38.2 million, and in 2021 is estimated 38.1 million.
The total fertility rate in 2020 was estimated at 1.44 children born to a woman, According to stat, live births are 9.8 per thousand people, -0.9 per 1000 people,
Poland is divided into 16 administrative provinces, The most populous administrative province or state is the Masovian Voivodeship and the most populous city is the capital, Warsaw, at 1.8 million inhabitants with a further expanding to upto 3 million people in metropolitan area.
|Administrative division||Polish name||Capital city||Population (2020)|
|Greater Poland||wielkopolskie||Poznań||3.4 million|
|Kuyavia-Pomerania||kujawsko-pomorskie||Bydgoszcz and Toruń||2 million|
|Lesser Poland||małopolskie||Kraków||3.4 million|
|Lower Silesia||dolnośląskie||Wrocław||2.9 million|
|Lubusz||lubuskie||Gorzów Wielkopolski and Zielona Góra||1 million|
|Holy Cross Province||świętokrzyskie||Kielce||1.23 million|
|West Pomerania||zachodniopomorskie||Szczecin||1.68 million|
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