Romania is a country at the crossroads of Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe, borders Bulgaria to the south, Ukraine to the north, Hungary to the west, Serbia to the southwest, Moldova to the east and the Black Sea to the southeast. Romania population in 2023 is estimated to be 19.05 million, covers country area of 238,397 sq km (92,046 sq mi), ranks sixty-fourth most populous country in the world. According to National Statistics Board, Romania has lost 1.1 million people in the last eleven years, 9.8 million were female, accounting for 51.5 percent, the INS said on Friday, and 52.2 percent(9.941 million) of the population lives in urban areas. Capital of Romania is Bucharest and other popular cities are Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara, Iași, Constanța, Craiova, Brașov, Galați and Ploiești. Romania population is declining continuously from 23 million in 1988 to 19.1 million in 2021, it continues to be an emigration country, the phenomenon of emigration being the second biggest cause of the usually resident population decline. The net international migration during 2020 was negative, with almost 29 thousand more emigrants than immigrants.Below table is the population of Romania from 1960 to 2020:
Romania population in 1960 is 18,406,905, by 1970 the population is increased by 1,843,493 totaling to 20,250,398, by 1980 the population is increased to 22,207,282, and by 1990 the total increase of 23,201,835 in 30 years from 1960 to 1990 resulting to 23,201,835. From 1990 to 2000, population increased to 22,442,971, and from 2000 to 2010 the population of Romania decrease by -2,196,100 with a change of -9.79 percent and decline of population from 2010 to 2020 by -960,748 with a change of -4.75 percent and make up to 19,286,123. Romania population in 2022 is estimated to be 19.1 million, and in 2021 is estimated 19.19 million.
Romania is divided into 8 divisions, and further divided into 41 counties. The last census of Romania was taken in 2011 by National Institute of Statistics.
© 2019-2023 populationU, Research papers on Population dynamics and Social affairs