Switzerland is a landlocked country at the confluence of Western, Central and Southern Europe, borders Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. Switzerland population in 2023 is estimated to be 8.91 million, covers country area of 41,285 sq km (15,940 sq mi), ranks ninety-ninth most populous country in the world, capital of Switzerland is Bern, while Lausanne serves as its judicial centre, country code is CHE, and other popular cities are Zurich, Geneva, Basel, Lausanne, Winterthur, Lucerne, St. Gallen, Lugano and Biel/Bienne. Switzerland is the third richest nation in the world with per capita of $94,835 in 2023.Below table is the population of Switzerland from 1960 to 2020:
Switzerland population in 1960 is 5,327,827, by 1970 the population is increased by 853,050 totaling to 6,180,877, by 1980 the population is increased to 6,319,408, and by 1990 the total increase of 6,715,519 in 30 years from 1960 to 1990 resulting to 6,715,519. From 1990 to 2000, population increased to 7,184,250, and from 2000 to 2010 the population of Switzerland increase by 640,659 with a change of 8.92 percent and increase of population from 2010 to 2020 by 811,987 with a change of 10.38 percent and make up to 8,636,896. In 2020, Switzerland had almost 8.67 million inhabitants compared with 6.8 million in 1990, Switzerland population in 2022 is estimated to be 8.75 million, and in 2021 is 8.69 million. There are ever fewer young people and ever more older. 3.9 million are private households. There are 163,180 people are immigrated and 109,376 people emigrated in 2020.
According to bfs, In 2020, total number of live births are 85,914. Average age of Male is 41.6 years and Female is 43.6 years. Average age at maternity or paternity is 32.2 for women, 35.1 for men. Fertility rate is 1.46. Life expectancy for women is 85.1 and 81 years for men compared to 49 years for women and 43.9 years for men in 1918. There are ever fewer young people and ever more older people dependent on the working-age population, To a greater or lesser extent, the population will continue to increase until 2050 at the expense of immigration.
Switzerland is a federal republic composed of 26 cantons, with federal authorities based in Bern. The areas of the cantons vary from 37 sq km (canton of Basel-Stadt) to 7,105 sq km (canton of the Grisons). The cantons are subdivided into districts and municipalities.
|Code||Name (English)||Name (official language)||Capital||Population||Area (sq km)||Density (per sq km)|
|BE||Berne / Bern||Bern; Berne||Berne / Bern||1,043,132||5,960||175|
|OW||Obwald / Obwalden||Obwalden||Sarnen||38,108||491||78|
|NW||Nidwald / Nidwalden||Nidwalden||Stans||43,520||276||158|
|GL||Glarus||Glarus||Glaris / Glarus||40,851||685||60|
|ZG||Zoug / Zug||Zug||Zoug / Zug||128,794||239||539|
|FR||Friburg / Fribourg||Fribourg; Freiburg||Friburg / Fribourg||325,496||1,671||195|
|SO||Soleure / Solothurn||Solothurn||Soleure / Solothurn||277,462||790||351|
|BS||Basle-City / Basel-City / Basel-Stadt||Basel-Stadt||Basle / Basel||201,156||37||5,444|
|BL||Basle-Country / Basel-Country / Basel-Landschaft||Basel-Landschaft||Liestal||292,955||518||566|
|SH||Schaffhouse / Schaffhausen||Schaffhausen||Schaffhouse / Schaffhausen||83,107||298||278|
|AR||Appenzell Outer-Rhodes / Appenzell Ausserrhoden||Appenzell Ausserrhoden||Herisau[Note 6]||55,309||243||228|
|AI||Appenzell Inner-Rhodes / Appenzell Innerrhoden||Appenzell Innerrhoden||Appenzell||16,293||172||94|
|SG||St. Gall / St. Gallen||St. Gallen||St. Gall / St. Gallen||514,504||2,031||253|
|GR||Grisons / Graubünden||Graubünden; Grischun; Grigioni||Chur||200,096||7,105||28|
|AG||Argovia / Aargau||Aargau||Aarau||694,072||1,404||494|
|TG||Thurgovia / Thurgau||Thurgau||Frauenfeld[Note 11]||282,909||992||285|
|TI||Tessin / Ticino||Ticino||Bellinzona||350,986||2,812||125|
|VS||Wallis / Valais||Valais; Wallis||Sion||348,503||5,224||67|
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