Columbus is the largest city of Ohio's state capital of United States. It is the fourteenth most populous city in the U.S. Columbus population in 2023 is estimated to be 915,038. The city was founded in 1812, named after explorer Christopher Columbus. The state government moved to the city in 1816 from both Chillicothe and Zanesville. Columbus is located in Franklin County and is one of the best places to live in Ohio. Columbus has had many aliases like Cbus, Cowtown and Arch City, It is nickname for the dozens of wooden arches over main streets to provide power to the city's new streetcars in 1890. Columbus also has one of the finest zoos in the United States. The Columbus Museum of Art, the Ohio History Connection, and the Center for Ohio Science and Industry are three of the city's important museums.
- Population Ranking
- Population by Age
- Population by Race
- Nativity by Place of Birth
Below is the Columbus population by year:
Columbus Population Ranking & Density
Columbus population in 2020 is estimated to be 905,748, It is fourteenth largest city in US by rank, According to 2018 US census estimates 48.8% are Male, 51.2% are Female, Sex ratio is 95.4(males per 100 females), 10% are 65 years and over, 77.5% are 18 years and over, Under 5 years are 7.3%. Columbus population in 2022 is estimated to be 913,129, and in 2021 is estimated to be 907,310, and as per numbers 444,081 are Male population and 423,547 are Female population. 63,490 are under 5 years, 672833 are 18 years and over, 87,121 are 65 years and over.
Columbus Language demographics
According to 2018 Census estimates Native languages spoken at home are 692618 speak only English, 36715 are Spanish speakers, 3600 speak French (incl. Cajun), 1631 Haitian, 665 Italian, 321 Portuguese, 1685 German, 1014 Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or other West Germanic languages, 2382 Russian, 39 Polish, 636 Greek, 156 Serbo-Croatian, 776 Ukrainian or other Slavic languages.
Asian language speakers include 3537 speak Hindi, 2701 Bengali, 1212 Gujarati, 1317 Urdu, 2617 Punjabi, 9837 Nepali, Marathi, or other Indic languages, 316 Other Indo-European languages, 1832 Telugu, 442 Tamil, 605 Malayalam, Kannada, or other Dravidian languages.
People from East Asia speakers include 7116 Chinese (incl. Mandarin, Cantonese), 907 Japanese, 1602 Tagalog (incl. Filipino), 1142 Korean, 2931 Vietnamese, 1179 Khmer, 834 Thai, Lao, or other Tai-Kadai languages and 733 speak other languages of Asia.
1628 Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or other Austronesian languages, 4912 Arabic, 650 Persian (incl. Farsi, Dari), 294 Hebrew. 14788 Amharic, Somali, or other Afro-Asiatic languages, 8674 Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or other languages of Western Africa, 2585 Swahili or other languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa, 151 Other Native languages of North America and 1658 other and unspecified languages.
Columbus Population by Age
According to 2019 US population estimates, population of Columbus by age is 195,769, out of these 94,345 are male, 101,424 are female, The sex ratio of Columbus is 93. The median age of the Columbus population is 34.9, Columbus population by age are, under 18 years is 48,305, 16 years and over is 152,154, 18 years and over is 147,464, 21 years and over is 138,642, 65 years and over is 32993. 48.2% are male, 51.8% are female, 24.7% are under 18 years old, 77.7% are 16 years and over, 75.3% are 18 years and over, 70.8% are 21 years and over, 13.7% are 65 years and over. There are total 85,251 housing units, The voting population of Columbus are 143,310, out of these 68,518 are male voters, 74,792 are female voters, 47.8% are male,52.2% are female.
|5 - 9||54,111||6.0%|
|10 - 14||52,841||5.9%|
|15 - 19||57,770||6.4%|
|20 - 24||74,490||8.3%|
|25 - 34||189,109||21.0%|
|35 - 44||117,695||13.0%|
|45 - 54||97,748||10.8%|
|55 - 59||53,696||6.0%|
|60 - 64||45,590||5.1%|
|65 - 74||56,882||6.3%|
|75 - 84||25,534||2.8%|
|85 and over||12,927||1.4%|
Columbus Population by Race
White population in Columbus, Ohio are 83,333, percentage wise 42.6 percent are whites.
Black population in Columbus, Ohio are 91,340, percentage wise 46.7 percent are blacks. African American refers to black population in Columbus, They are Black racial groups of Africa, includes Sub-Saharan African people, Kenyan, Nigerian, Carribbean such as Haitian and Jamaican.
Asian population in Columbus are 5,734, percentage wise 2.9 percent are asians, out of these 2,028 are Asian Indians, 46 are Chinese, 1,072 are Filipinos, 135 are Japanese, 624 are Korean, 343 are Vietnamese and 1,486 are other Asian nationals.
Hispanic population in Columbus, Ohio are 15,087. Percentage wise 7.7 percent are hispanics, out of these 5,228 are Mexican people, 3,393 are Puerto Ricans, 505 are Cubans, and 5,961 are other Hispanic or Latinos.
|Population by Race||902,073||Percent|
|Black or African American||263,796||29.2%|
|American Indian and Alaska Native||2,628||0.3%|
|Other Asian Population||10,842|
|Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander||20||0.0%|
|Hispanic or Latino||63,063||7.0%|
|Other Hispanic or Latino||20,634|
Nativity by Place of Birth
Total Columbus native population is 183,390, out of these 112,873 born in the Ohio state and 65,981 born in other state in the United States. Foreign born or Population born outside the US are 12,379, out of these 7,079 are Naturalised US citizen, 1,537 are in Europe, 2,181 in Asia, 139 in Africa, 3,222 in Latin America and 0 in Northern America. Total Foreigners who are non US citizens living in Columbus are 5,300, out of these 458 are from Europe, 1,764 are from Asia, 27 from Africa, 3,051 are from Latin America and 0 are from Northern America.
|Nativity by Place of Birth||Population|
|Born in state of residence||566,491|
|Born in other state in the United States||201,168|
|Born outside the United States||14,232|
|U.S. Island Areas||102|
|Born abroad of American parent(s)||12,287|
|Born outside of United States||120,182|
|Naturalized U.S. citizen||58,133|
|Not a U.S. citizen||62,049|
According to 2019 census estimates, Total number of houses in Columbus, Ohio are 402,520, Occupied housing units are 368,491, Rental vacancy rate is 6. Percentage of occupancy is 92, 41.67% of houses are owner occupied and 49.88% of houses are renter occupied in Columbus. There are 45.79 percent of one-unit detached, 9.58 percent of one-units attached, 4.69 percent of two-unit houses, 8.85 percent of three or four unit homes. 0.79 percent are residing in mobile homes. Average household size of owner occupied is 2 and average household size of renter occupied is 2. 39.03 percent are available with one vehicle, 33.43 percent are available with two vehicles, 11.38 percent are available with three or more vehicles and 7.71 percent are no vehicles available.
|Total housing units||402,520|
|Occupied housing units||368,491|
|Occupied housing units percent||92|
|Rental vacancy rate||6|
|3 or 4 units||35,636|
|Boat, RV, van, etc.||0|
|Average household size of owner-occupied unit||2|
|Average household size of renter-occupied unit||2|
Columbus Housing Market
The median value of housing in Columbus, Ohio is $139,400, According to 2019 estimated US census of housing market, 3.10 percent of houses are less than $50,000, 10.45 percent are between $50,000 to $100,000, 9.01 percent are between $100,000 to $150,000, 7.62 percent are between $150,000 to $200,000, 6.94 percent are between $200,000 to $300,000, 3.76 percent are between $300,000 to $500,000, 0.98 percent are between $500,000 to one million, 0.25 percent are over one million and above.
|Housing unit value||Units|
|Less than $50,000||7,633|
|$50,000 to $99,999||25,295|
|$100,000 to $149,999||32,363|
|$150,000 to $199,999||34,656|
|$200,000 to $299,999||44,277|
|$300,000 to $499,999||18,471|
|$500,000 to $999,999||4,446|
|$1,000,000 or more||574|
Columbus Housing Mortgage
The median monthly owner costs with mortgage is $1,286, 0.30 percent of homes pays less than $500 per month, 7.21 percent pay between $500 to $999, 8.21 percent pay between $1,000 to $1,499, 5.45 percent pay between $1,500 to $1,999, 1.79 percent pay between $2,000 to $2,499, 1.15 percent pay between $2,500 to $2,999, 0.64 percent pay between $3,000 or more.
The median monthly owner costs with out mortgage is $376, 3.26 percent of homes pay less than $250, 6.26 percent pays between $250 to $399, 4.76 percent pay between $400 to $599, 1.55 percent pays between $600 to $799, 0.49 percent pays between $800 to $999, and 0.98 pays between $1000 or more.
|Monthly Owner costs with mortgage||Units|
|Less than $500||481|
|$500 to $999||26,028|
|$1,000 to $1,499||49,290|
|$1,500 to $1,999||29,307|
|$2,000 to $2,499||8,819|
|$2,500 to $2,999||2,745|
|$3,000 or more||2,636|
|Monthly Owner costs with out mortgage||Units|
|Less than $250||2,221|
|$250 to $399||10,548|
|$400 to $599||16,625|
|$600 to $799||10,383|
|$800 to $999||4,926|
|$1,000 or more||2,782|
Total number of Columbus rental homes or apartments are 37,229, occupied by Renter, The median value of Columbus average rental rate is $ 885. 7.09 percent of homes are under $500, 53.45 percent of rental rates between $500 to $1000, 34.56 percent housing units are from $1000 to $2000, 1.17 percent are between $2000 to $3000, and 0.17 percent are above $3000.
|Less than $500||10,852|
|$500 to $999||92,377|
|$1,000 to $1,499||73,725|
|$1,500 to $1,999||16,027|
|$2,000 to $2,499||3,107|
|$2,500 to $2,999||846|
|$3,000 or more||1,205|
Before the European explorers, there was a large group of people that lived close to the Scioto River and Scioto Valley area. When Ohio obtained its statehood in 1803, Columbus hadn't been built yet. In 1810, Ohio's general assembly voted to choose a new, permanent capital. Prior to the state government decision in 1812 for naming Columbus city, The state government chose capital to move to including Franklinton, Dublin, Worthington, and Delaware. Chillicothe was the capital before Columbus were to choose, However there were many complaints from legislators in northern Ohio that had to travel to Chillicothe. Columbus was designed from the first as the state's capital, preparing itself for its role in state political, social and economic activities. For the first few years, Columbus grew up quickly having a population of 700 people by 1815. By 1834, the population of Columbus was 4000 people elevating it to city status. When the Civil War broke out in 1860, Columbus has became an army town for training and the population surged when thousands of young men joined army. In the 1880 census, the Columbus population was 51,647. The Grand Army of the Republic was created following the Civil War to promote the welfare for Veteran's rights. At that time of 1888 Columbus had a population of around 80,000 residents. Industry had begun to emerge in the Columbus area, growing quickly during the years. In the mid 1800s, German immigrants began to make Columbus their home after immigrating to the United States. German immigrants started and operated many successful breweries in Columbus, lending a unique cultural flavor to the city. Many settled in Old South End and established breweries. By 1865, one-third of Columbus's population was German.
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