Melbourne is the capital of the southeastern Australian state of Victoria, extends along the Yarra River towards the Yarra Valley and the Dandenong Ranges to the east, occupies much of the northern and eastern coastlines of Port Phillip Bay and into the Mornington Peninsula. Melbourne population in 2023 is estimated to be 5.11 million, covers city area of 9992.5 sq km., population density is 516 people per sq km., second-most populous city in Australia, ranks eighty-sixth populous city in the world. The Melbourne Central City is the core of Greater Melbourne region. Melbourne is also an important financial centre, attracts the largest proportion of international overseas immigrants for its highly diversified economy in IT, finance, manufacturing, research, logistics and tourism. Melbourne hosts many headquarters of Australia's largest corporations. Prior to European settlement, Melbourne is home to Kulin people living in the Port Phillip and the surrounding grasslands, Indigenous population of about 20,000. Melbourne is popular for the Melbourne Cricket Ground and the National Gallery of Victoria.
According to , The Key statistics of Melbourne city are the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population in 2016 is 29,512 people, the working age population aged between 15 to 64 years is 64 percent. 1,515,597 people born overseas as on 2016 and median income is $50,648 in 2018.
|Estimated resident population||2020||5,159,211||25,697,298|
|Working age population (aged 15-64 years)||2019||67.9||65.4|
|Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population||2016||29,512||798,365|
|Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander Speakers||2016||1.1||10.3|
|Persons born overseas||2016||1,515,597||6,149,388|
|Children enrolled in preschool||2019||30,847||135,301|
|Median total income ($)||2018||50,648||49,805|
|Total number of businesses||2020||515,686||2,422,404|
|Number of jobs||2018||3,869,158||19,563,645|
|Taxpayers who report having private health insurance||2018||1,497,756||8,124,494|
|Total Passenger vehicles||2020||2,983,554||14,679,246|
|Land area (ha)||2020||999,251.2||768,812,631.9|
There are 1025 suburbs in Greater Melbourne, Some of the popular suburbs are South Yarra, St Kilda, Carlton, Brunswick, Footscray, Fitzroy, Richmond, South Melbourne and East Melbourne. Over the past three years the Greater Melbourne is seen rise of house price as people move to other suburbs as it is continue to be attracted by affordability. Some of the suburbs are Caulfield, Elsternwick, Ormond, Bentleigh and East Bentleigh, McKinnon, Brighton, Hampton, Sandringham, Beaumaris, Cheltenham and Highett.
Melbourne Population Ranking & Density
Melbourne resident population as per estimates from 2015 to 2020. According to 2019 estimates the median age for male is 34.8 years and female is 36.4 years. Total working age population is 3.4 million, which holds 67.8 percent of Total Melbourne population. The Population density of Melbourne in 2020 is 516 persons per sq km., increase of 44 persons per sq km. from the last census of 2016 and ranks second most populous city in Australia. Melbourne population in 2022 is estimated to be 4.99 million, Population of Melbourne in 2021 is estimated to be 4.97 million.
|Population density (persons/sq km)||459||472||485||497||508||516|
|Median age - males (years)||34.9||34.9||34.8||34.8||34.8||-|
|Median age - females (years)||36.7||36.5||36.4||36.3||36.4||-|
|Median age - persons (years)||35.8||35.7||35.6||35.6||35.6||-|
|Working age population (aged 15-64 years)||3,124,115||3,203,460||3,289,202||3,370,615||3,448,726||-|
|Working age population (aged 15-64 years)||68.1||68||67.9||67.9||67.9||-|
Melbourne Births and Fertility
According to 2019 ABS estimates, Total births are 60,764 and fertility rate is 1.55 decreasing every year when compared to 1.64 in 2015 census.
|Total fertility rate||1.64||1.66||1.66||1.64||1.55|
|Standardised death rate (per 1000 population)||5.1||5.1||5||4.8||4.8|
Immigration to Melbourne
According to 2020 Australian Bureau, Melbourne Immigration and Migration Statistics are, Net overseas migration is 56,083 people, 140,972 overseas people has arrived to Melbourne city, and only 84,889 people has departures. 81,165 people have arrived from other provinces or councils and 90,431 has internal departures.
|Net internal migration||10,173||5,675||2,252||-9266|
|Net overseas migration||84,117||79,790||78,256||56,083|
Overseas born population in Melbourne
As per 2016 census, 33.8 % of the Melbourne population are overseas born, out of these 12% are from europe, 5.6% are from South-East Asia, 4.4% are from Central Asia, 1.2% from Americas and 1.4% are from Africa.
|Oceania and Antarctica (excluding Australia)||2.1||2.3|
|Southern and Eastern Europe||6.3||5.2|
|North Africa and the Middle East||2.1||2.4|
|Southern and Central Asia||4.4||6|
|Total born overseas||31.4||33.8|
Australian citizenship in Melbourne
According to 2016 ABS census, 79.6% of Melbourne population are Australian Citizen, 14.2% are not a citizen and 6.2% of the people not stated.
|Not an Australian citizen||11.5||14.2|
|Not an Australian citizen||35.2||40.4|
|Citizenship not stated||1.7||1.6|
Income levels in Melbourne
Below is total personal income weekly income for the persons aged 15 years and over.
|Persons earning||Percentage (2016)|
|$1-$499 per week||26.6|
|$500-$999 per week||22.5|
|$1000-$1999 per week||23|
|$2000-$2999 per week||5.1|
|$3000 or more per week||3.4|
Below table is the High school education statistics:
|High School/Year||Percentage (2011)||Percentage (2016)|
|12 or equivalent||54.6||59.4|
|11 or equivalent||11.5||10.2|
|10 or equivalent||12.9||11.4|
|9 or equivalent||5.5||4.9|
|8 or below||6.4||5.3|
|Did not go to school||1.2||1.3|
Social marital status
Below table is the Social marital status & registered marital status of persons aged 15 years and over statistics.
|Social marital status||2011||2016|
|De facto marriage||248,739||313,248|
|Not married||1,268,491||1 418 743|
Religion wise Melbourne Population
According to 2016 ABS census, 64.6 % follows Christianity decreased from 55.8%, and second largest followers are Islam with 4.2% which is a increase of 0.6% from 2011, and Buddhism with 3.8%, Hinduism with 2.9%, an increase of 0.9%, Judaism with 0.9%, 31.3% stated as no religion and 9.1% people has not stated.
|Other spiritual beliefs||0.9||0.2|
|No religion, secular beliefs||23.5||31.3|
Melbourne Language demographics
English is most popular spoken language at home with 95.5 percent, 1.1 percent are speakers of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander languages.
|Speakers of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander||1.3||1.1|
|Speaks English at home||95.5||95.5|
According to 2016 ABS census, 91.9% are less than 30% of household income, 8.1% are households with mortgage repayments greater than or equal to 30% of household income, 89% are households where rent payments are less than 30% of household income and 11% are households with rent payments greater than or equal to 30% of household income.
|Less than 30% of household income||89||91.9|
|Greater than or equal to 30% of household income||11||8.1|
|Less than 30% of household income||90.3||89|
|Greater than or equal to 30% of household income||9.7||11|
Rental in Melbourne
Average monthly household rental payment $1,613 in 2016 compared to $1,364, Average monthly household mortgage payment is $1,997 in 2016.
|Average monthly household||2011||2016|
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