World Population
Australia > Western Australia

Perth Population 2024

Perth is the capital of the Australian state of Western Australia, part of the South West of Western Australia, with most of the metropolitan area on the Swan Coastal Plain between the Darling Scarp and Indian. Perth population in 2024 is estimated to be 2.25 million, city covering area of 6,417.9 sq km (2,478.0 sq mi), fourth-populous city of Australia. In 1829, Perth city was founded by Captain James Stirling as the administrative centre of the Swan River Colony. Perth was named after the town of Perth, Scotland. Noongar the Aboriginal people of the south west of Western Australia, before the europeans arrive. Perth city was originally owned by Whadjuk Noongar, Noongar people now refer to Perth as Boorloo. Due to Western Australian gold rushes in the late 19th century, the population of Perth increased and further grown of migration during second world war.

65.4% of the Perth population are Working age people in 2019, 10.3 percent are Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander speakers as per 2016 census, and 701,335 people living in Perth are born overseas, The median total income of Perth population is $53,140.

Estimated resident population20202,125,11425,697,298
Working age population (aged 15-64 years) (%)201966.165.4
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population201641,724798,365
Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander Speakers(%)20162.410.3
Persons born overseas2016701,3356,149,388
Children enrolled in preschool201920,128135,301
Age pension2019179,3682,533,359
Median total income ($)201853,14049,805
Total number of businesses2020185,7142,422,404
Number of jobs20181,662,88819,563,645
Taxpayers who report having private health insurance2018873,2868,124,494
Total Passenger vehicles20201,332,59614,679,246
Land area (ha)2020641,622.2768,812,631.9

Perth city UN Urban Agglomeration Population Prospects - 1950 to 2035

YearPerth Population
Source:, 1950 to 2035 Perth city Population(UA)

Perth Population Ranking & Density

The Population density of Perth is 331.2 persons per sq km. The median age of male is 36 and female is 37.4 in 2019. Total 1.38 million are Working force of Perth city. Perth population in 2023 is estimated to be 2.23 million, population in 2022 is estimated to be 2.21 million, Population of Perth population in 2021 is estimated to be 2.192 million.

Total Population1,998,9372,019,2632,037,9022,058,5682,087,5552,125,114
Population density (persons/sq km)311.5314.7317.6320.8325.4331.2
Median age - males (years)34.835.135.435.736-
Median age - females (years)36.536.636.837.137.4-
Median age - persons (years)35.635.836.136.436.7-
Working age population (aged 15-64 years)1,356,7561,361,4511,364,0741,368,1781,379,063-
Working age population (aged 15-64 years) (%)67.967.466.966.566.1-

Greater Perth

Greater Perth has more than 350 suburbs, and divided into 30 local government areas, with the metropolitan boundaries stretching from Two Rocks to Singleton from north to south which is 125 km approximately, and to The Lakes in the east.

Births and Fertility

Total Births in Perth is estimated to be 26,654 in 2019 and Fertility rate is 1.72 which is decreased from 1.81 in 2016 census.

Total Births27,14327,82827,25126,40226,654
Total fertility rate1.811.811.791.761.72
Standardised death rate (per 1000 population)

Immigration to Perth

According to 2020 Census, 22,214 is the Net Overseas migration, out of these 45,304 are Overseas arrivals and 23,090 are departures. 735 people are net internal migration, out of these 39,668 are internal arrivals and 38,933 are departures.

Internal arrivals35,32239,56143,78939,668
Internal departures43,79045,36545,19138,933
Net internal migration-8468-5804-1402735
Overseas arrivals43,71539,70843,20045,304
Overseas departures33,03829,07527,64723,090
Net overseas migration10,67710,63315,55322,214

Overseas Born

15.5 percent of the Overseas population are born in Europe, 5.7% are born in South East Asia, 3.6% are born in Central ASia, 3.5% are born in Africa and 1.2% are born in Americas.

Overseas bornPercent (2011)Percent(2016)
Oceania and Antarctica (excluding Australia)3.23.4
North-West Europe13.712.5
Southern and Eastern Europe2.92.6
North Africa and the Middle East11.2
South-East Asia55.7
North-East Asia1.72.4
Southern and Central Asia2.43.6
Sub-Saharan Africa3.33.5
Total born overseas34.436.1

Australian citizenship

78.3% of the Perth population are Australian Citizen, 14.7% are not a citizen and 7% are not stated according to 2016 Australian Bureau Statistics.

Citizenship/YearPercent (2011)Percent (2016)
Australian citizen8078.3
Not an Australian citizen13.514.7
Not stated6.47


55.3% of Perth population are with High school education of 12 grade increased from 51.2% of 2011 census, followed by 19.1% are 10 grade and 9.4% are studied upto 11th grade.

Hight SchoolPercent (2011)Percent (2016)
12 or equivalent51.255.3
11 or equivalent10.39.4
10 or equivalent21.219.1
9 or equivalent4.44.2
8 or below3.73.1
Did not go to school0.60.7
Not stated8.68.4
Higher EducationPercent (2011)Percent (2016)
Non-school qualifications57.761.9
Postgraduate degree3.44.5
Graduate diploma/graduate certificate1.82.1
Bachelor degree14.416.4
Advanced diploma/diploma8.69.3
Inadequately described10.910.2

Income levels in Perth

Personal Income2015201620172018
Employee income earners1,095,2101,076,8961,077,2401,080,295
Employee income earners - median age (years)37383838
Total employee income ($)73,98972,94171,64773,889.5
Median employee income ($)52,96353,72753,15955,007
Mean employee income ($)67,55767,73366,51068,398
According to 2018 census estimates, 1,080,295 are total employee income earners, Median employee income is $53,159. 25% earn below $500, 24.2% earn personal income between $1000 to $2000 per week, 20.5% of the population earn between $500 to $1000, 11.3% earn more than $2000 per week.
Persons earningPercent (2016)
$1-$499 per week25
$500-$999 per week20.5
$1000-$1999 per week24.2
$2000-$2999 per week6.8
$3000 or more per week4.3
Nil income10.1
Negative income0.6
Not stated8.6

Marital Staus

According to 2016 census stats, Social marital status & registered marital status of persons aged 15 years and over.

Social marital statusPercent (2011)Percent (2016)
Registered marriage612,557676,283
De facto marriage127 257153 512
Not married509 128564 355
Never married35.435.4

Religion wise Perth Population

According to 2016 ABS Census, 49.7% are the most followed religion of Christianity, followed by Buddhism with 2.5%, Islam with 2.4%, Hinduism with 1.9%, Judaism with 0.3% and 32.5% are with no religion beliefs and 9.6% are not stated.

ReligionPercent (2011)Percent (2016)
Other religions0.81
Other spiritual beliefs0.90.2
No religion, secular beliefs25.132.5
Not stated8.89.6

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