Phoenix is the capital city of the southwestern state of Arizona in the United States. Phoenix population in 2023 is estimated to be 1.64 million, Its fifth largest populous city in U.S with an area of 519.11 sq miles (1,344.50 sq.km). Sex ratio is 99.2, 49.8% are Male population and 50.2% are Female population. Phoenix Total housing units are 614,870 and has extremely hot summers and short winters. Phoenix is sunnier than any other major metropolitan area in the US, with 334 days of sunshine a year. Greater Phoenix is located in the Sonoran Desert, with an elevation of 1,117 feet above sea level, area refers to Chandler, Glendale, Scottsdale and Tempe, One of the top golf destinations in the world with almost 200 golf courses. The Sonoran Desert is also one of the few native habits for the saguaro cactus, a cactus type that can live 150 years and grow more than 40 feet tall. The Salt River runs westward through Phoenix, but the riverbed is often dry due to large irrigation diversions.
- Population Ranking
- Population by Age
- Population by Race
- Nativity by Place of Birth
Below is the Phoenix population by year:
Phoenix Population Ranking & Density
Phoenix is the fifth largest city in United States by rank, According to US Population Census, April 1, 2020, Phoenix population in 2020 is estimated to be 1,608,139, Phoenix has more sunny days than any other metropolitan city in the U.S.
The Sonoran Desert, where Phoenix is located, is actually one of the greenest and wettest deserts in the entirety of North America because the Sonoran Desert gets 3-15 inches of rain every year. Phoenix population in 2022 is estimated to be 1.63 million, and in 2021 is estimated to be 1.62 million.
Citizen Voting Age Population
Citizen, 18 and over population are 990,221, out of these 485,745 are Male and 504,476 are Female, percentage wise 49.1% are Male and 50.9% are Female. According to U.S Census 2018 estimates, 119,447 are under 5 years, 165,611 are 65 years and over,
Phoenix Language demographics
The languages spoken at home by Phoenix people are 956,612 speak only English, 485,765 speak Spanish, 3,685 French (incl. Cajun), 336 Haitian, 1,550 Italian, 1,301 Portuguese, 2,953 German, 663 Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or other West Germanic languages, 799 Greek, 2,082 Russian, 1,820 Polish, 5,287 Serbo-Croatian, 463 Ukrainian or other Slavic languages, 874 Armenian, 4,515 Persian (incl. Farsi, Dari).
People from Asian Indian languages are 769 Gujarati, 5,439 Hindi, 163 Urdu, 1,496 Punjabi, 1,462 Bengali, 3,265 Telugu, 876 Tamil, 2,029 Malayalam, Kannada, or other Dravidian languages, 1,825 Nepali, Marathi, or other Indic languages, 4,539 Other Indo-European languages.
People from East and Mid Asia languages are 5,518 Chinese (incl. Mandarin, Cantonese), 1,685 Japanese, 1,561 Korean, 75 Hmong, 6,838 Vietnamese, 417 Khmer, 5,515 Tagalog (incl. Filipino), 779 Thai, Lao, or other Tai-Kadai languages and 1,959 speak other languages of Asia.
1,085 Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or other Austronesian languages, 5,961 Arabic, 1,269 Hebrew, 4,938 Amharic, Somali, or other Afro-Asiatic languages, 1,125 Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or other languages of Western Africa, 5,855 Swahili or other languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa, 4,182 Navajo, 2,793 speak other Native languages of North America.
Phoenix Population by Age
According to 2019 US population estimates, population of Phoenix by age is 1,680,988, out of these 838,675 are male, 842,313 are female, The sex ratio of Phoenix is 100. The median age of the Phoenix population is 34.4, Phoenix population by age are, under 18 years is 420,111, 16 years and over is 1,307,644, 18 years and over is 1,260,877, 21 years and over is 1,190,379, 65 years and over is 236391. 49.9% are male, 50.1% are female, 25.0% are under 18 years old, 77.8% are 16 years and over, 75.0% are 18 years and over, 70.8% are 21 years and over, 11.1% are 65 years and over. There are total 637,511 housing units, The voting population of Phoenix are 1,066,466, out of these 527,146 are male voters, 539,320 are female voters, 49.4% are male,50.6% are female.
|5 - 9||119,261||7.1%|
|10 - 14||117,135||7.0%|
|15 - 19||116,167||6.9%|
|20 - 24||114,872||6.8%|
|25 - 34||273,588||16.3%|
|35 - 44||235,946||14.0%|
|45 - 54||210,256||12.5%|
|55 - 59||105,057||6.2%|
|60 - 64||87,484||5.2%|
|65 - 74||116,878||7.0%|
|75 - 84||52,524||3.1%|
|85 and over||17,505||1.0%|
Phoenix Population by Race
White population in Phoenix, Arizona are 1,289,208, percentage wise they are 76.7 percent.
Black population in Phoenix, Arizona are 122,763, Percentage wise they are 7.3 percent of people. African American refers to black population in Phoenix, They are Black racial groups of Africa, includes Sub-Saharan African people, Kenyan, Nigerian, Carribbean such as Haitian and Jamaican.
Asian population in Phoenix are 67,512 4.0 percent in total population, out of these 25,391 are Asian Indians, 8,197 are Chinese, 12,909 are Filipinos, 1,966 are Japanese, 3,978 are Korean, 5,112 are Vietnamese and 9,959 are other Asian nationals.
Hispanic population in Phoenix, Arizona are 725,394. Percentage wise they are 43.2, out of these 644,632 are Mexican people, 14,520 are Puerto Ricans, 6,142 are Cubans, and 60,100 are other Hispanic or Latinos.
|Population by Race||1,680,988||Percent|
|Black or African American||122,763||7.3%|
|American Indian and Alaska Native||34,465||2.1%|
|Cherokee tribal grouping||729||0.0%|
|Chippewa tribal grouping||267||0.0%|
|Navajo tribal grouping||15,595||0.9%|
|Sioux tribal grouping||427||0.0%|
|Other Asian Population||9,959|
|Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander||5,668||0.3%|
|Guamanian or Chamorro||1,388||0.1%|
|Hispanic or Latino||725,394||43.2%|
|Other Hispanic or Latino||60,100|
Nativity by Place of Birth
Total Phoenix native population is 1,343,636, out of these 708,365 born in the Arizona state and 612,026 born in other state in the United States. Foreign born or Population born outside the US are 337,352, out of these 128,309 are Naturalised US citizen, 17,188 are in Europe, 31,535 in Asia, 10,047 in Africa, 65,942 in Latin America and 2,257 in Northern America. Total Foreigners who are non US citizens living in Phoenix are 209,043, out of these 6,501 are from Europe, 29,147 are from Asia, 5,118 from Africa, 163,959 are from Latin America and 2,589 are from Northern America.
|Nativity by Place of Birth||Population|
|Born in state of residence||708,365|
|Born in other state in the United States||612,026|
|Born outside the United States||23,245|
|U.S. Island Areas||1,019|
|Born abroad of American parent(s)||21,256|
|Born outside of United States||337,352|
|Naturalized U.S. citizen||128,309|
|Not a U.S. citizen||209,043|
According to 2019 census estimates, Total number of houses in Phoenix, Arizona are 637,511, Occupied housing units are 586,878, Rental vacancy rate is 4. Percentage of occupancy is 92, 50.14% of houses are owner occupied and 41.92% of houses are renter occupied in Phoenix. There are 58.71 percent of one-unit detached, 4.45 percent of one-units attached, 1.81 percent of two-unit houses, 4.69 percent of three or four unit homes. 3.23 percent are residing in mobile homes. Average household size of owner occupied is 3 and average household size of renter occupied is 3. 31.78 percent are available with one vehicle, 34.13 percent are available with two vehicles, 19.40 percent are available with three or more vehicles and 6.75 percent are no vehicles available.
|Total housing units||637,511|
|Occupied housing units||586,878|
|Occupied housing units percent||92|
|Rental vacancy rate||4|
|3 or 4 units||29,898|
|Boat, RV, van, etc.||708|
|Average household size of owner-occupied unit||3|
|Average household size of renter-occupied unit||3|
Phoenix Housing Market
The median value of housing in Phoenix, Arizona is $266,600, According to 2019 estimated US census of housing market, 1.90 percent of houses are less than $50,000, 1.37 percent are between $50,000 to $100,000, 2.78 percent are between $100,000 to $150,000, 7.47 percent are between $150,000 to $200,000, 16.21 percent are between $200,000 to $300,000, 13.39 percent are between $300,000 to $500,000, 5.85 percent are between $500,000 to one million, 1.17 percent are over one million and above.
|Housing unit value||Units|
|Less than $50,000||12,085|
|$50,000 to $99,999||8,762|
|$100,000 to $149,999||17,716|
|$150,000 to $199,999||47,604|
|$200,000 to $299,999||103,350|
|$300,000 to $499,999||85,359|
|$500,000 to $999,999||37,326|
|$1,000,000 or more||7,451|
Phoenix Housing Mortgage
The median monthly owner costs with mortgage is $1,465, 0.12 percent of homes pays less than $500 per month, 6.00 percent pay between $500 to $999, 11.73 percent pay between $1,000 to $1,499, 7.58 percent pay between $1,500 to $1,999, 4.17 percent pay between $2,000 to $2,499, 2.21 percent pay between $2,500 to $2,999, 2.43 percent pay between $3,000 or more.
The median monthly owner costs with out mortgage is $449, 2.04 percent of homes pay less than $250, 4.42 percent pays between $250 to $399, 5.11 percent pay between $400 to $599, 2.18 percent pays between $600 to $799, 0.98 percent pays between $800 to $999, and 0.94 pays between $1000 or more.
|Monthly Owner costs with mortgage||Units|
|Less than $500||770|
|$500 to $999||38,234|
|$1,000 to $1,499||74,790|
|$1,500 to $1,999||48,306|
|$2,000 to $2,499||26,579|
|$2,500 to $2,999||14,112|
|$3,000 or more||15,473|
|Monthly Owner costs with out mortgage||Units|
|Less than $250||13,020|
|$250 to $399||28,164|
|$400 to $599||32,572|
|$600 to $799||13,866|
|$800 to $999||6,268|
|$1,000 or more||5,980|
Total number of Phoenix rental homes or apartments are 267,225, occupied by Renter, The median value of Phoenix average rental rate is $ 1,107. 4.64 percent of homes are under $500, 33.77 percent of rental rates between $500 to $1000, 55.95 percent housing units are from $1000 to $2000, 2.72 percent are between $2000 to $3000, and 0.53 percent are above $3000.
|Less than $500||12,404|
|$500 to $999||90,233|
|$1,000 to $1,499||114,530|
|$1,500 to $1,999||34,986|
|$2,000 to $2,499||6,384|
|$2,500 to $2,999||884|
|$3,000 or more||1,412|
Phoenix is one of the world oldest place where nomadic paleo Indians used to live between 7000 B.C. The first explorers to Phoenix were Spanish at 16th century and their settlement were started before 1800. The town of Phoenix was settled in 1867, and incorporated in 1881 as the City of Phoenix. Phoenix people were mainly dependent on agriculture due to the availability of irrigation canals which were created by Hohokam people roughly 2000 years ago. With the end of the Mexican-American War in 1848, the area of Phoenix becomes part of the United States. In 1889, Capital of Arizona Territory relocated to Phoenix from Prescott. Until the second world war, Cotton, Citrus and Copper are the trading commodities. Due to the desert zone, Since from 1900, For Tuberculosis patients The Phoenix weather was a major attraction at a time when the only cure was rest in a dry and warm climate. Jack Swilling establishes the Swilling Irrigating and Canal Company with the intent to develop the Phoenix area in 1867