Shanghai city is the China's most populous city on central coast is the global financial hub. Shanghai population in 2023 is 28.4 million and area is 2,448 sq miles (6,341 sq.km), It is the third most populous city in the world. Situated on the estuary of Yangtze River, it serves as the financial, international trade, and cultural center in East China. Shanghai, which literally means the City on the Sea, lies on the Yangzi River. New skyscrapers and old Shikumen together draw the skyline of the city. In today's generation, Shanghai has become one of China's most influential cities, socially, culturally and economically. The Paris of the East became known as a place of vice and indulgence.
Shanghai municipality is bordered by Jiangsu province to the north and west and Zhejiang province to the southwest. Shanghai serves as an important air, rail, road and water transport hub in eastern China. It includes the 18 districts constituting the city of Shanghai and several islands in the mouth of the Yangtze and offshore to the southeast in the East China Sea. Shanghai city districts are Pudong New Area, Huangpu, Xuhui, Changning, Jing'an, Putuo, Hongkou, Yangpu, Minhang, Baoshan, Jiading, Jinshan, Songjiang, Qingpu, Fengxian and Chongming. Hongkou is most dense with 33,944 people per sq. km. followed by Huangpu with 31,955 people per sq.km., Jing'an with 28,818 people per sq.km., and Putuo with 23,380 people per sq.km. The most populous district is Pudong New Area with 5,550,200 inhabitants, followed by Minhang with 2,543,500 and Baoshan with 2,042,300 people. Area wise Pudong New Area is largest with 1,210.41 sq.km., followed by Chongming with 1,185.49 sq.km., and Fengxian district with 687.39 sq.km.
Shanghai Population Ranking & Density
Shanghai population in 2022 is 27.2 million, in 2021 is 24.3 million, in 2020 is 24,281,400 (24 million), By 2018 estimates, 9.84 births per 10,000 people, and 12.57 deaths per 10,000 people and natural growth is -1.90%. Total households are 5,519,500 and 2.65 persons per household. Life expectancy for male is 81.25 years and female is 86.08 years. According to 2018 statistics Resident Foreigners in Shanghai are, 29,546 are Japanese, 21,685 are from Republic of Korea, 22,051 are United States citizens, 6,033 are Singaporeans, 7,736 are Germans, 6,416 are from United Kingdom, 7,476 are Canadians, 7,110 are Australians and 8,936 are France nationals.
By the 11th century AD Shanghai was a small village. People started settling in Shanghai by 15th century and in 1533, a wall was built around the town, and in 16th century Yuyuan Garden was developed. By 1700 the population is around 50,000. Until 1842 Shanghai's location is merely a small fishing village. According to local histories, Then in 1842 by the Treaty of Nanking the British forced China to open 5 ports, including Shanghai to trade. In 1843 the first British consul moved into Shanghai. Shanghai was one of the first Chinese ports to Western trade and became an important industrial center and trading port that attracted not only foreign business but also Chinese. The majority of the population is of Han Chinese origin. By 19th century foreigners in Shanghai were lived in three settlements of British, American and French. From the year 1845 there was a British settlement was established in 1845, and American settlement in 1848 and French settlement in 1849. In 1863 British and American settlement formed the International Settlement but the French concession remained separate. By this time first tea, silks and porcelain were exported from Shanghai while opium was imported and later textile industry was developed. In 1866 city was introduced gas lights for streets and Electricity was first seen in 1882 and later after a decade electric trams were running in Shanghai streets. The population of Shanghai in 1900 has crossed 1 million and in 1912, the old city walls were demolished. The Japanese invasion from 1937, although it remained restricted to the Chinese parts of the city until the end of 1941. After the Communist victory in 1949, Shanghai became a sober city, however, Shanghai city has become an industrial giant whose products included supply China's growing domestic demands. Shanghai growth has started from 1980 as the government allowed commerce, inflow of foreign cash and exports.
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