China, officially the People's Republic of China (Code: CHN), is a country in East Asia and is a single party country, with real power lying with the Chinese Communist party. China population in 2023 is estimated to be 1.43 Billion, is the largest population in the world with growth rate 0.59%, Covering an area of 9.6 million sq. km is the largest of all Asian countries with 7.1% of land mass. Its last census conducted in 2010 and its growth from 2000 to 2010 was 5.8%. China demographics are 145 people per sq. km. Located in East Asia and has the greatest contrast in temperature between its northern and southern borders. Beijing is the capital and Shanghai is the most populated city in China and third populous city in the world. China is the largest of all Asian countries, Occupying nearly the entire East Asian landmass, it covers approximately one-fourteenth of the land area of Earth. Among the major countries of the world, China is surpassed in area by only Russia and Canada, and it is almost as large as the whole of Europe. China has the greatest contrast in temperature between its southern and northern borders of any country in the world. The great majority of the population is Chinese (Han), and thus China is characterised as an ethnically homogeneous country, but only few countries have a variety of indigenous peoples. China civilization having more than 5,000 years of history is culturally flourished in the ancient world. The population of China is so enormous, Many of the cities and towns are high in population density, but some of the areas are either uninhabited or sparsely populated. It borders 13 countries, Mongolia to the north, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Vietnam and Laos to the south, Russia and North Korea to the north-east,Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan to the west. China has a long border of 5,500 km (3,400 miles) from north to south, 5,250 km (3,250 miles) from east to west and its coastline has approximately of 14,000 km (8,700 miles).
|Population Above 60||10.5%|
|Life Expectancy (M)||75|
|Life Expectancy (F)||78|
China Population Indicators
Birth rate is 12 births/1000 people in 2016. Fertility rate is 1.6 births per woman in 2017. Death rate is 7 deaths/1000 people in 2016. Population above 60 years is 10.5% in 2018. Life expectancy for male is 75, and for female is 78.
|Population growth Today
|Population growth This year
| Births This year
| Deaths Today
| Deaths This year
according to economists, with the China economy in for a bumpy ride in the first few months of 2023 due to sudden withdrawal from zero-Covid strategy, high inflation and travel boom. The China's economy is the second largest in the world next to United States as measured by nominal GDP in 2022.
|Level||as on 2011||point change|
2001 to 2011
|Worldbank Threshold 2019|
|Middle income||17.5%||15.0%||$995 - $3,895|
|Upper-middle income||4.4%||4.1%||$3,896 - $12,055|
|High income||0.5%||0.5%||> $12,055|
The main religions in China are Buddhism, Chinese folk religions, Taoism and Confucianism. China has world largest Buddhist population of 200 to 250 million, and Folk religions are the blend practices of Buddhism and Taoism. Taoism or Daoism is a philosophical religion of Chinese tradition which emphasis living in harmony by Tao. Confucianism developed from the thoughts and teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius, Confucianism developed in response to Buddhism and Taoism.
According to the 2020 census, 91.11% of the population was Han Chinese, and 8.89% were minorities.
China has 34 administrative divisions, out of which 23 are provinces, 4 municipalities, 2 special administrative and 5 autonomous divisions. China population in 2022 is estimated to be 1.42 Billion, and in 2021 is estimated to be 1.41 Billion.
5 Autonomous regions are Guangxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Tibet and Xinjiang included in Constitution of China as per minority ethnic group with some of the regions has access to Government policies and subsidies.
|Guangxi Zhuang||Kwangsi Chuang||Nanning||46,026,629||195.02||236,000|
|Inner Mongolia||Hohhot||Huhehot, Huhohaote||24,706,321||20.88||1,183,000|
|Xinjiang Uighur||Sinkiang / Uygur||Urumqi||Urumchi, Wulumuchi||21,813,334||13.13||1,660,400|
China's population reached 1 billion in 1982. China nearly doubled in population from 540 million in 1949 to 969 million in 1979. The China fertility rate in 1950 is 5.29 and by 1965 it is increased to 6.02, by 1970 it is 5.75, by 1975 it is decreased to 3.58, by 1990 it is further decreased to 2.43, by 1995 it is slowed down to 1.68, and by 2000 and 2005 fertility rate stood between 1.45 and 1.51. From 2015 to 2020 fertility rate is decreased from 1.41 to 1.3. China's population growth rate is only 0.59%, This growth slowed because of the one-child policy instituted in 1979. by the fifth census in 2000, the Chinese population had more than doubled, reaching 1.2 billion By the sixth census in 2010, the total population of China had reached to 1,37. Life expectancy in China by 1950 is 43.8, by 1980 it is increased to 67.8, in 1990 it is 69.7, thereby in 2000 it is 73.1 and by 2015 it is increased to 75.7.
China was ranked 72nd position among the list of 156 countries which were included in the World Happiness Index. China population in 2020 is estimated to be 1.40 Billion, China Life expectancy is 75.4 years which is 48th position of life expectancy rank, Well being is 76th rank and Inequality being 51st Rank out of 156. China health and education is vastly improved for the last 50 years due to their socioeconomic reforms and the 95% of the population has access to health and education.
China Province tables
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