Guinea is a coastal country in West Africa, borders Guinea-Bissau to the northwest, Senegal to the north, Mali to the northeast, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Cote d'Ivoire to the southeast, and Sierra Leone and Liberia to the south. Guinea was the French colony till 1958, Formerly known as French Guinea was the part of French West Africa. Guinea population in 2022 is estimated to be 13.85 million, covers country area of 245,857 sq km (94,926 sq mi), ranks seventy-seventh country by area and the seventy-forth most populous country in the world. Guinea capital and largest city is Conakry (also spelled Konakry) and other popular cities are Nzérékoré, Kankan, Manéah, Dubréka, Kindia, Siguiri and Kissidougou. Country code is GIN, Population of Guinea in 2021 is estimated as 13.49 million, official language of Guinea is French. More than 20 rivers in western Africa originate in Guinea. At independence of three Guinea's from France and Spain, French Guinea became Guinea, Spanish Guinea became Equatorial Guinea, and Portuguese Guinea became Guinea-Bissau.Below table is the population of Guinea from 1960 to 2020:
Guinea population in 1960 is 3,494,164, by 1970 the population is increased by 660,442 totaling to 4,154,606, by 1980 the population is increased to 4,871,446, and by 1990 the total increase of 6,352,282 in 30 years from 1960 to 1990 resulting to 6,352,282. From 1990 to 2000, population increased to 8,240,735, and from 2000 to 2010 the population of Guinea increase by 1,951,433 with a change of 23.68 percent and increase of population from 2010 to 2020 by 2,940,624 with a change of 28.85 percent and make up to 13,132,792.
The major ethnic groups of Guinea are Fulani, Malinke, Susu, Kpelle, Kisi and Toma. Guinea is divided into four geographic regions, the Lower Guinea, the Fouta Djallon, Upper Guinea and the Forest Region, or Guinea Highlands. In Lower Guinea the major language of the Susu later replaced with lingua franca for most of the coastal population. In the Fouta Djallon the major language is Pulaar, In Upper Guinea the Malinke language is the most spoken. Kpelle (Guerzé), Loma (Toma), and Kisi are the The Forest Region languages.
Guinea is divided into 8 regions, other than Conakry Region, 7 regions are further subdivided into 33 prefectures. Conakry city population is estimated to be 2 million in 2022.
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