Guyana is a country on the northern part of South America, borders Brazil to the south and southwest, Venezuela to the west, and Suriname to the east, Atlantic Ocean to the north. Guyana is the third smallest country by area in mainland South America after Uruguay and Suriname. The region known as the Guianas was colonized by the Dutch before it became British colony in the late 18th century and was called British Guiana, and gained independence in 1966 and became Guyana. Guyana population in 2023 is estimated to be 799,161, covers country area of 214,970 sq km (83,000 sq mi), ranks eighty-third country by area and the one-hundred-sixty-third most populous country in the world. Guyana capital and largest city is Georgetown and other popular cities are Linden, New Amsterdam and Corriverton. Country code is GUY, It is the only South American nation in which English is the official language. Locals speak speak Guyanese Creole, english type Creole. By 2012, Georgetown which is in region 4 has a major share of 61.8 percent of total Guyana population, out of these 13 percent are in city area and 48.8 percent are in suburbs. Guyana ranks eighth position for the safest South American country to visit. Guyana is a low violent crime country with high rate of larceny cases due to poverty.Below table is the population of Guyana from 1960 to 2020:
Guyana population in 1960 is 571,813, by 1970 the population is increased by 133,117 totaling to 704,930, by 1980 the population is increased to 780,153, and by 1990 the total increase of 743,306 in 30 years from 1960 to 1990 resulting to 743,306. From 1990 to 2000, population increased to 746,718, and from 2000 to 2010 the population of Guyana increase by 2,712 with a change of 0.36 percent and increase of population from 2010 to 2020 by 37,129 with a change of 4.95 percent and make up to 786,559. Guyana population in 2022 is estimated to be 794,119, Population of Guyana in 2021 is estimated as 790,338.
Population by ethnic group wise 40% are Indians, 29.5% are Africans, 10.5% are Indigenous, 0.3% are European and 0.2% are Chinese and 19.5% are mixed or multiracial. Guyana indigenous tribes are the Lokono, Kalina, Wapishana, Wai Wai, Macushi, Patamona, Pemon, Akawaio and Warao. During the British rule, Indians were brought as indentured laborers for sugarcane farming in 1838 from Indian subcontinent mostly from North and South India. Many have settled down in Guyana becoming largest ethnic group with more than 40% or about 300,000 of the total population. According to jstor, Between 1838 and 1917, some 238,960 laborers were brought from India to work on the coastal sugar plantation of British Guiana with a contract of three to seven years. 75,236 persons returned to India, The rest stayed and became settlers, The total population were estimated as 507,410, out of these 239,250 were Indians, 175,260 were Negro's, 3,340 are Chinese, 7,830 are Portuguese, 4,390 are Europeans and 57,240 are Mixed nationals and 20,100 are Amerindians.
Indigenous languages include Arawak (Lokono), Akawaio, Macushi, Waiwai, Patamona, Warrau, Carib, Wapishana, Pemon (Arekuna) and Mawayana. Indian language speakers are Hindi from North India, Telugu and Tamil from South India mainly from Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu states.
Coastland regions include Regions 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 10, while Hinterland regions include: regions 1, 7, 8 and 9. According to statisticsguyana, Regional population 2012 census:
|Region||Region Number||Area (sq km)||Population 2012||Density|
(persons per sq km)
|Essequibo Islands-West Demerara||Region 3||3,755||107,416||28.6|
|Mahaica Berbice||Region 5||4,190||49,723||11.9|
|East Berbice Corentyne||Region 6||36,234||109,431||3.00|
|Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo||Region 9||57,750||24,212||0.42|
|Upper Demerara-Berbice||Region 10||17,040||39,452||2.30|
|Coastland||Regions 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 10||69,646||666,261||9.60|
|Hinterland||Regions 1, 7, 8 and 9||145,353||81,623||0.60|
Regional census population statistics from 1980 to 2012:
|Region||Region Number||1980||1991||2002||2012||Change 1980-1991||Change 1991-2002||Change 2002-2012||Percent1980-1991||Percent 1991-2002||Percent 2002-2012|
|Essequibo Islands-West Demerara||Region 3||104,700||95,977||103,061||107,416||-8,723||7,084||4,355||-0.76||0.65||0.42|
|Mahaica Berbice||Region 5||54,583||51,651||52,428||49,723||-2,932||777||-2,705||-0.49||0.13||-0.52|
|East Berbice Corentyne||Region 6||152,673||142,496||123,695||109,431||-10,177||-18,801||-14,264||-0.61||-1.16||-1.15|
|Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo||Region 9||12,868||15,058||19,387||24,212||2,190||4,329||4,825||1.55||2.54||2.49|
|Upper Demerara-Berbice||Region 10||38,554||39,559||41,112||39,452||1,005||1,553||-1,660||0.24||0.35||-0.40|
|Coastland||Regions 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 10||709,510||669,774||679,869||666,261||-39,736||10,095||-13,608||-0.51||0.13||-0.20|
|Hinterland||Regions 1, 7, 8 and 9||50,054||53,899||71,354||81,623||3,845||17,455||10,269||0.70||2.86||1.44|
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