Lesotho is an enclaved country surrounded entirely by South Africa. Lesotho is a mountainous country with highest in the Maloti Mountains in Southern Africa. Lesotho means land of the Sotho, Basotho is the major ethnic group almost hundred percent of the population, Basutoland or Land of Basuto gained its independence from the United Kingdom and became the Kingdom of Lesotho in 1966. Lesotho population in 2023 is estimated to be 2.19 million, covers country area of 30,355 sq km (11,720 sq mi), ranks one-hundred-thirty-seventh country by area and the one-hundred-forty-sixth most populous country in the world. Its capital and largest city is Maseru. Country code is LSO, Lesotho official languages are Sesotho and English
Lesotho total fertility rate is 3.2, Life expectancy of Lesotho is one of the lowest in the world, 51.7 years for male and 59.6 years for female in 2016, Basotho people are facing with health problems like tuberculosis and has the third-highest HIV infection rate in the world, with almost 23 percent of adults aged 15 to 49. The economy of Lesotho is based on agriculture, livestock, manufacturing and mining, and more than fifty percent depend on agriculture, the main crops are Maize, Sorghum and Wheat. Water and diamonds are Lesotho's significant natural resources. South Africa drinking water is sourced from Lesotho natural resource to Free State and Johannesburg. Lesotho ranks second in the most dangerous countries in the world.Below table is the population of Lesotho from 1960 to 2020:
Lesotho population in 1960 is 837,264, by 1970 the population is increased by 191,666 totaling to 1,028,930, by 1980 the population is increased to 1,340,258, and by 1990 the total increase of 1,703,757 in 30 years from 1960 to 1990 resulting to 1,703,757. From 1990 to 2000, population increased to 2,032,805, and from 2000 to 2010 the population of Lesotho decline by -37,230 with a change of -1.83 percent and increase of population from 2010 to 2020 by 146,677 with a change of 7.35 percent and make up to 2,142,252. Lesotho population in 2022 is estimated to be 2.17 million, Population of Lesotho in 2021 is estimated as 2.15 million.
The Kingdom of Lesotho is divided into ten districts, each district has a capital known as a camptown, are further subdivided into 80 constituencies, 129 local community councils.
|District||Capital||Population (2016)||Area (sq km)|
|Mohale's Hoek||Mohale's Hoek||165,590||3,530|
|Qacha's Nek||Qacha's Nek||74,566||2,349|
Lesotho, census 2016
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