Papua New Guinea is a country in Oceania in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, encompasses the eastern half of New Guinea, western half is of Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua. The Papua New Guinea located southwestern Pacific Ocean which is 160 km north of Australia. Papua New Guinea population in 2023 is estimated to be 9.51 million, covers country area of 462,840 sq km (178,700 sq mi) (54th), ranks fifty-fourth country by area and the ninety seventh most populous country in the world. Its capital is Port Moresby, other popular cities are Lae, Arawa, Mount Hagen, Popondetta, Madang, Kokopo, Mendi and Kimbe. Country code is PNG, Life expectancy of Papua New Guinea is 63.40 years for male and 67.36 years for female. Total island area of Papua New Guinea plus Papua and West Papua province is 878,010 sq km.
The Papua New Guinea is home to lush rainforests, tribes that live much like their stone-age ancestors, giant rats that are not afraid of humans. The Papua New Guinea people are classified as Melanesian also called Papuans, Melanesians are a group of indigenous people who are home to these group of islands collectively called Melanesia. These islands include the PNG, Fiji, Vanuatu and Australia. Besides Melanesians few other groups are Negritos, Micronesians, Polynesians and non-Melanesian population including expatriates and immigrants which are relatively small. Papua New Guinea is one of the most linguistically diverse countries in the world with more than 700 native tongues.Below table is the population of Papua New Guinea from 1960 to 2020:
Papua New Guinea population in 1960 is 2,255,858, by 1970 the population is increased by 527,274 totaling to 2,783,132, by 1980 the population is increased to 3,571,209, and by 1990 the total increase of 4,615,843 in 30 years from 1960 to 1990 resulting to 4,615,843. From 1990 to 2000, population increased by 1,231,747 to 5,847,590, and from 2000 to 2010 the population of Papua New Guinea increase by 1,462,922 with a change of 25.02 percent and increase of population from 2010 to 2020 by 1,636,515 with a change of 22.39 percent and make up to 8,947,027. Papua New Guinea population in 2022 is estimated to be 9.28 million, Population of Papua New Guinea in 2021 is estimated as 9.11 million.
Papua New Guinea is divided into four regions via Highlands Region(Chimbu, Eastern Highlands, Enga, Hela, Jiwaka, Southern Highlands, and Western Highlands), New Guinea Islands Region(Bougainville, East New Britain, Manus, New Ireland, and West New Britain), Momase Region(East Sepik, Madang, Morobe, and Sandaun), Southern Region(Central, Gulf, Milne Bay, Oro, and Western), and subdivided into 22 provinces.
|Region||Largest City||Area (sq km)||Population (2011)||Sex Ratio||Household Size|
|Highlands Region||Mount Hagen||63,657||2,854,874||107.3||4.8|
|Southern Region||Port Moresby||199,979||1,456,250||110.2||6.2|
Below are the PNG provinces, Hela Province was created from Southern Highlands Province and Jiwaka Province from Western Highlands Province in 2012.
|Province||Capital||Area (Sq km)||Population (2011)|
|East New Britain||Kokopo||15,274||328,369|
|Autonomous Region of Bougainville||Buka||9,384||249,358|
|Western Highlands||Mount Hagen||4,299||362,850|
|West New Britain||Kimbe||20,387||264,264|
|Sandaun (West Sepik)||Vanimo||35,820||248,411|
|National Capital District||Port Moresby||240||364,125|
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